Vorontsov Lighthouse

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Vorontsov Lighthouse
Odessa Range Front
Vorontsov lighthouse.jpg
New Vorontsov Lighthouse (2011)
Vorontsov Lighthouse is located in Ukraine
Vorontsov Lighthouse
Ukraine
Location Odessa
Ukraine
Coordinates 46°29′48″N 30°45′36″E / 46.496564°N 30.760053°E / 46.496564; 30.760053Coordinates: 46°29′48″N 30°45′36″E / 46.496564°N 30.760053°E / 46.496564; 30.760053
Year first constructed 1888 (first)
Year first lit 1955 (current)
Construction cast iron tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower, red lantern
Height 26 metres (85 ft)
Focal height 27 metres (89 ft)
Characteristic Fl (3) R 12s.
Admiralty number N5082
NGA number 17912
ARLHS number UKR-033
Ukraine number UA-0340
Managing agent Gosgidrografiya[1]

The Vorontsov Lighthouse (Ukrainian: Воронцовський маяк, Russian: Воронцовский маяк) is a famous red-and-white, 27.2 metre landmark in the Black Sea port of Odessa, Ukraine. It is named after Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov, one of the governors-general of the Odessa region.[2]

Construction[edit]

Old Vorontsov Lighthouse

The lighthouse was built with iron tubing and lead gaskets. It has a one-million-watt signal light that can be seen up to twelve nautical miles (22 km) away. It transmits the Morse Code signal of three dashes, the letter O, for Odessa. It also sounds a foghorn during severe storms or fog.[2][3]

The lighthouse is connected with the port's shoreline by a long stone causeway and jetty, which protect the port from the southern high seas. The port is protected on the east by huge concrete breakwaters or ramparts, built on rocks, that rise above the water.

History[edit]

The current lighthouse is the third to stand on the same spot. The first was built in 1862 and was made of wood.[3]

The lighthouse was blown up during World War II by the Soviets and rebuilt after the war.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Vorontsov Lighthouse The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 22, 2016
  2. ^ a b Kononova, G. (1984). Odessa: A Guide. Moscow: Raduga Publishers.  p. 167-168
  3. ^ a b Karakina, Yelena; Tatyana Samoilova; Anna Ishchenko (2004). Touring Odessa. BDRUK. ISBN 966-8137-01-9.  p. 33

External links[edit]