Vyzhnytsia

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Vyzhnytsia
Вижниця
Town
View of the town
View of the town
Flag of Vyzhnytsia
Coat of arms of Vyzhnytsia
Vyzhnytsia is located in Chernivtsi Oblast
Vyzhnytsia
Vyzhnytsia
Location within Ukraine
Vyzhnytsia is located in Ukraine
Vyzhnytsia
Vyzhnytsia
Vyzhnytsia (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°15′0″N 25°11′30″E / 48.25000°N 25.19167°E / 48.25000; 25.19167
Country Ukraine
Oblast Chernivtsi Oblast
DistrictVyzhnytsia Raion
Probably first mentioned1158
Government
 • MayorAlex G. Chepil
Area
 • Land9 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation
356 m (1,168 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total3,875
Zip Code
59200
Area code(s)+380-3730
Websitevnmiscrada.gov.ua

Vyzhnytsia (/ˈvɪʒnɪts(j)ə/; Ukrainian: Ви́жниця [ˈwɪʒnɪtsʲɐ]; German: Wischnitz; Polish: Wyżnica; Romanian: Vijnița; Russian: Вижница, romanizedVizhnitsa; Yiddish: וויזשניץ, romanizedVizhnitz) is a town located in the historical region of Bukovina, on the Cheremosh River in Chernivtsi Oblast of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Vyzhnytsia Raion. Vyzhnytsia hosts the administration of Vyzhnytsia urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] Population: 3,875 (2021 est.)[2]

History[edit]

While the city was probably mentioned as early as 1158, the first unequivocal mention comes in 1501 in a Moldavian chronicle. From 1514 to 1574 the place was occupied by the Turks, after which it belonged to the Principality of Moldova until 1774. From 1774 to 1918 he was part of the Austrian Empire (from 1849 part of the crown land of Bukovina).

Jewish history of the town[edit]

In Judaism, the town is known as having been the original center of the Hassidic sect bearing its Yiddish name (וויזשניץ Vizhnitz). The town's Jewish community was decimated in the Holocaust and most survivors did not return, but the flourishing Vizhnitz Hassidic community in Israel and the United States continues to keep the name.

Until World War I, the town was named Wischnitz and was part of Austria-Hungary.

Nazariy Yaremchuk's native house in modern day Vyzhnytsa.

Part of Soviet Ukraine[edit]

Vyzhnytsa has been a city since 1940.[3] A local newspaper has been published in the city since February 1945.[4]

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Vyzhnytsa was the center of a flourishing Ukrainian-language music scene that was renowned all over the Soviet Union. The local house of culture was renowned for its parties with illegal Western pop music and attracted young people from as far as Chernivtsi.[5] Volodymyr Ivasyuk was named as a regular visitor of these parties. There, he befriended musician Levko Dutkivskiy.[6] Dutkivskiy from there on founded VIA Smerichka, with later Nazariy Yaremchuk and Vasyl Zinkevych as lead singers. Smerichka became one of Ukraine's most famous groups at the time, performing at Pesnya goda twice and winning Allo, my ishchem talanty! (Hello, we are looking for talents!) in 1972, one of the first Soviet television talent shows.[7]

Part of modern Ukraine[edit]

In January 1989 the population was 5708 people.[8][3]

In 2011 a security checkpoint "Vyzhnytsia" was built here.[9]

In January 2013 the population was 4207 people.[10]

Transport[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Nearby towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Вижницька територіальна громада" (in Ukrainian). decentralization.gov.ua.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ a b c Вижница // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.218
  4. ^ № 3265. Советская Верховина // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 – 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., "Книжная палата", 1994. стр.426
  5. ^ Feshchuk, Nataliya (27 December 2006). ""заслушавшись выступлением ансамбля "смерiчка" в прямом эфире, руководство центрального телевидения ссср на 15 минут задержало программу "время"". Fakty.ua. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  6. ^ Feshchuk, Nataliya. ""Івасюк зізнався, що стиль "Смерічки" його захопив"". Zbruc. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  7. ^ Etushenko, Aleksandr. ""Смерічка" и "Золота колекція"". Den'. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru.
  9. ^ Где в Украине расположены стационарные посты ДПС ГАИ // еженедельник "2000" от 7 мая 2012
  10. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.108" (PDF).

Coordinates: 48°15′N 25°11.5′E / 48.250°N 25.1917°E / 48.250; 25.1917