HM Prison Wakefield
HM Prison Wakefield dominates the skyline of Wakefield.
|Location||Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England|
|Security class||Adult Male/Category A|
|Population||751 (as of November 2007)|
|Managed by||HM Prison Services|
Her Majesty's Prison Wakefield is a Category A men's prison, located in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and is the largest high security prison in the United Kingdom (and western Europe). The prison has been nicknamed the "Monster Mansion" due to the large number of high-profile, high-risk sex offenders held there.
Wakefield Prison was originally built as a house of correction in 1594. Most of the current prison buildings date from the Victorian times. The current prison was designated a ‘dispersal' prison in 1966 (the longest of the remaining original group).
"Here We Go 'Round the Mulberry Bush"
The exercise yard at Wakefield has a Mulberry tree around which female inmates used to exercise. This has been linked to the nursery rhyme 'Here We Go 'Round the Mulberry Bush' by the erstwhile prison governor, RS Duncan in his book 'Here we go round the mulberry bush' The House of Correction 1595 / HM Prison Wakefield 1995 (published by author 1994). This origin of the song is also propounded on the prison's website. There is no corroborative evidence to support this theory.
In 2001, it was announced that a new Supermax security unit was to be built at Wakefield Prison. The unit was to be built to house the most dangerous inmates within the British prisons system, and was the first such unit of its kind to be built in the United Kingdom.
In March 2004, an inspection report from Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons criticised staff at Wakefield prison for being disrespectful to inmates. The report claimed that the prison was "over-controlled", and a third of the prison's inmates claimed to have been victimised.
The prison today
Wakefield Prison holds approximately 600 of Britain's most dangerous men (mainly sex offenders and prisoners serving life sentences for violent crimes against women and children). Accommodation at the prison comprises single occupancy cells with integral sanitation. All residential units have kitchens available for offenders to prepare their own meals. An Incentives and Earned Privileges system allows standard and enhanced offenders the opportunity of in-cell TV. All offenders are subject to mandatory drugs testing and there are voluntary testing arrangements, which are compulsory for all offenders employed as e.g. wing cleaners or kitchen workers.
HMP Wakefield offers a range of activities for inmates, including charity work, an accredited course in industrial cleaning, and a Braille shop where offenders convert books to Braille. The Education Department is operated by The Manchester College, and offers learning opportunities ranging from basic skills to Open University courses. Other facilities include a prison shop, gym, and multi-faith chaplaincy.
- Spy Klaus Fuchs, convicted of supplying information from British and American nuclear weapon research to the USSR, served nine years and four months of his fourteen-year term at Wakefield, between 1951 and 1959.
- Child murderer and sex offender Ian Huntley was held at Wakefield until 23 January 2008 when he was moved to HMP Frankland
- Momcilo Krajisnik
- Radislav Krstic
- Serial killer Dr. Harold Shipman committed suicide at Wakefield Prison in 2004. Shipman had been on round-the-clock suicide watch at two previous prisons but such 'special measures' had not been deemed necessary after his transfer to Wakefield
- Ian Watkins transferred to Long Lartin
- Michael Sams, now in HMP Whitemoor in Cambridgeshire - as of 2013
|This article is outdated. (June 2015)|
|Name||Nationality||Initial Year of Conviction||Convictions||Current Sentence||Notes|
|Charles Bronson||British||1973||Armed robbery
taking hostages in prison
|Life Imprisonment||He is described as Britain’s most violent prisoner.|
|Jeremy Peter Andrew Green||British||2014||Murder of Nicole Waterhouse and attempted murder of Karen Browne||34 years minimum||Disgraced serving army officer tricked his way into the victims flat and subjected both women to a nine-hour attack.|
Murder of Baby P
|Life - 22 Years Minimum|
Disposal of Evidence,
Murder of Milly Dowler, Marsha McDonell, and Amélie Delagrange
|David Bieber||American||2004||2x Attempted Murder of Police Officer,
1x Murder of Police Officer
|3x Life Sentences
(recommendation entire life)
|If he is ever released, he will also stand trial in Florida for 1x Murder and 1x Attempted Murder|
|Russell Bishop||British||1990||Child molestation,
|Minimum 14 Years||Currently one of longest serving UK prisoners not sentenced for murder|
|3x Life Sentences||Can only be considered for release after he turns 89 years old|
|Kamel Bourgass||Algerian||2004||1x Police Officer Murder,
2x Police Officer Attempted Murders,
1x GBH of a Police Officer
|22 years minimum (murder),
15 years (attempted murder),
(37 years minimum)
|Suspected Al-Qaeda member|
|Mark Bridger||British||2013||Murder of April Jones,
Unlawful disposal of human remains
|Whole Life Tariff||Appeal against conviction abandoned|
|2x Life Sentences (5 years minimum)||Appealed against 1989 conviction and had sentence reduced.|
|Stephen Griffiths||British||2010||3x Murders||Whole Life Tariff||Also known as The Crossbow Cannibal|
|Stuart Hazell||British||2013||Murder of Tia Sharp||Life (38 years minimum)||Former boyfriend of the victim's grandmother|
|Mark Hobson||British||2003||(2003) Assault with intent for GBH, breach of bail conditions and breaching the peace.
(2004) Theft and Deception.
(2005) 4x Murders.
|4x Life Imprisonments with Whole Life Tariff|
|Arthur Hutchinson||British||1984||3x Murders||Life with minimul 18 years
Later extended to Whole Life Tariff
|Following the European Court of Human Right's ruling that the Whole Life Tariff breaches Hutchinson's rights, the High Court is expected to set a new minimum term|
|Antoni Imiela||British||2004||10x Rapes,
2x Indecent Assaults
|7x Life Sentences (8 years minimum) + 12 years||Rapes ranged from Black, White and Asian women, between 10 and 52 years of age.|
|Carl Manning||British||2001||Murder of Victoria Climbié and Child Cruelty||Life Imprisonment||He met Climbié and her great-aunt in London after they moved there from Ivory Coast, Africa. Both Manning and Climbié's great-aunt were sentenced equally for the murder and torture. Failings by numerous child protection agencies in the UK have been recorded, as signs of abuse were documented prior to the girl's death, however, no investigations took place beforehand.|
|Robert Maudsley||British||1973||4x Murders||Life Imprisonment with recommendation of Whole Life||Originally convicted of a single murder. Killed three more while incarcerated. Currently deemed unfit to be among other inmates, and residing in a glass cell similar to Hannibal Lecter's in Silence of the Lambs - however, Maudsley's cell was built 8 years prior to the movie. The newspapers identify Maudsley as Hannibal the Cannibal due to rumours he ate one of his victim's brains.|
|Mick Philpott||British||2013||Manslaughter of 6 children in a house fire||Life Sentence with 15 years minimum||Sentenced along with his wife, and a friend. Prior to the conviction, he lived on state handouts from his 17 children - and was hugely criticised in the newspapers and by the public for doing so.|
|Roy Whiting||British||1995||Murder of Sarah Payne and Rape and Abduction||Life Imprisonment with minimum 40-year sentence||Formerly served 4 years for admitting rape. Originally sentenced to life with recommendation of Whole Life Tariff, which was changed to 50 years by then Home Secretary, David Blunkett, and again being reduced to 40 years after an appeal. After the trial, the public found out he was convicted in 1995 of rape, leading to the campaign, Sarah's Law, a UK variation of Megan's Law from the USA.|
- Thompson, Tony (27 April 2003). "The caged misery of Britain's real 'Hannibal the Cannibal'". The Observer (London). Retrieved 13 July 2011.
- "A long way to go at 'monster mansion'". Wakefield Express (Wakefield). 6 October 2005. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
- "New unit for killer inmates". bbc.co.uk. 23 January 2001. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "Staff 'disrespectful' to inmates". bbc.co.uk. 25 March 2004. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "Soham killer treated for overdose". bbc.co.uk. 5 September 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "Shipman suicide 'not preventable'". bbc.co.uk. 25 August 2005. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "Ian Watkins moved to same prison as child killer Ian Huntley". wales online. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Charles Bronson returned to Britain’s toughest prison after taking on 12 wardens 'while smeared with butter'". The Independent. 9 July 2014.
- Batty, David (30 January 2002). "Inquiry to hear from Victoria's killer". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "Derby fire deaths: Philpotts and Mosley jailed". BBC News. 4 April 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
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