NASA satellite image, June 8, 2011, at 1:25 PM MDT
|Date(s)||May 29, 2011 - July 8, 2011 (MDT)|
|Burned area||538,049 acres (840.702 sq mi; 217,741 ha)|
|Land use||Forest, mixed wildland/urban interface|
The Wallow Fire, named for the Bear Wallow Wilderness area where the fire originated, was a wildfire in eastern Arizona and a small part of western New Mexico, United States, in the White Mountains near Alpine. It was started by an abandoned campfire. As of 26 June 2011, it had burned about 841 square miles (2,180 km2) in Apache, Greenlee, Graham, and Navajo counties in Arizona and Catron County in New Mexico, and is thus the biggest fire recorded in Arizona. Nearly 6,000 people were evacuated.
The fire was started accidentally by two men who were camping. They cooperated with prosecutors and plead guilty to misdemeanor charges relating to mismanagement of their campfire. In November, 2012 they were ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $3.7 million.
The communities of Alpine, Blue River, Greer, Nutrioso, Sunrise, Springerville, Eagar in Arizona, and Luna in New Mexico were evacuated. In addition to other aircraft, a converted DC-10 Very Large Air Tanker ("VLAT"), capable of dropping up to 12,000 gallons of fire retardant in seconds, was deployed to help fight the fire. On June 11, 2011, the leading edge of the fire advanced into Catron County, New Mexico.
On June 12, evacuations were lifted for Eagar, Springerville and South Fork. On June 14, the Wallow Fire became the largest fire in Arizona history, passing the Rodeo-Chediski Fire, which burned 732 square miles (1,900 km2) in 2002. On June 18 and 20, evacuations were lifted for Alpine and Greer and on June 21, the evacuation for Luna, NM was lifted. Additionally, the Apache National Forest was closed to the public.
On July 3, the fire was 95% contained. The Wallow Fire was declared 100% contained as of 6 p.m., July 8.
Four commercial buildings were destroyed; 36 outbuildings were destroyed and one damaged; 32 residences were destroyed and 5 damaged. The estimated cost was $109 million.
Widespread smoke plume
The thick smoke in the NASA satellite image at right was only part of the smoky haze plaguing the continental United States in early June 2011. According to the U.S. Air Quality “Smog Blog,” smoke from fires in Arizona and New Mexico extended through Texas and Oklahoma up into to the Great Lakes region, affecting air quality for large areas east of the Rocky Mountains.
- 2011 Horseshoe 2 Fire
- "InciWeb incident page for the Wallow Fire", Retrieved 26 June 2011
- Lindsey Collom; William Hermann; Ofelia Madrid (June 7, 2011). "Arizona fire: Residents forced to flee as winds fuel blaze". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix: John Zidich. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
- Lacey, Mark and Frasch, Dan (June 9, 2011) "Arizona Wildfire Threatens Electrical Grid" The New York Times, archived 10 June 2011. A version of this article appeared in print on 10 June 2011, on page A-15 of the New York edition with the headline: "Gains Against Arizona Fire, but It Threatens Electric Grid".
- Fonseca, Felicia (March 28, 2012). "UPDATED: Cousins Plead Guilty to Ariz. Fire Charges". The Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- "Payment schedule for Wallow Fire restitution". Arizona Capitol Times. November 20, 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- Morales, Laurel (November 8, 2012). "Wallow Fire Starters Ordered To Pay Victims $3.7 Million". Fronteras Desk. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- "Emergency bulletins: "Crews prepare roads, dozer lines last night on Wallow fire"". Azein.gov. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- Query results
- "Wallow fire burns through Greer, Arizona" , Wildfire Today, June 9, 2011
- Holland, Catherine (June 10, 2011). "Wallow Fire: DC-10 tanker pilot calls fire 'impressive'". azfamily.com. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- "Firefighters Brace For Winds as Fire Crosses into New Mexico ABC News, June 11, 2011". Abcnews.go.com. 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- "Wallow fire update: Evacuations lifted for Eagar, Springerville and South Fork.". Azfamily.com. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- "Alpine residents allowed to return home.". Wmicentral.com. 2011-06-18. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- "Greer residents to return home". Wmicentral.com. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- ""Wallow Fire PM Update 6-22-2011" InciWeb". Inciweb.org. 2011-05-29. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- United States Forest Service (2011-06-03). "Emergency Closure Order, Apache National Forest" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Holli Riebeek; Michon Scott (June 2011). "Wallow Fire Continues to burn.". Greenbelt. NASA. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Audi, Tamara (9 June 2011) "Arizona Fires Worsen: Authorities Say Biggest Blaze Covers 389,000 Acres; 2 Towns Ordered to Evacuate" Wall Street Journal
- Query results
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wallow Fire.|
- Wallow - InciWeb Incident Information System
- U.S. Air Quality “Smog Blog” at University of Maryland
- Image gallery of the Wallow Fire by the U.S. Forest Service at Flickr.com
- Wallow Fire Information