Warrigal Creek

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Warrigal Creek is a creek and area in Gippsland, Victoria, Australia.

Warrigal Creek massacre[edit]

In July 1843 Ronald Macallister was killed by Aborigines near Port Albert. The Scottish settler and pastoralist, Angus MacMillan, led a group of around 20 settlers to attack and kill several groups of Aboriginal people across a number of days. The group was known as the "Highland Brigade". Some historical accounts assert that around 60 people were killed, but other survivors said the number was 150-180. The statistical discrepancies likely emerged Macmillan's group killed Aboriginal people at five different locations in the area. Some denialist historians claim that the conservative number of 60 is an exaggeration, despite the witness accounts. [1] A witness, WIlly Hoddinott, wrote the following in 1925: "The brigade coming up to the blacks camped around the Waterhole at Warrigal Creek surrounded them and fired into them, killing a great number, some escaped into the scrub, others jumped into the waterhole, and, as fast as they put their heads up for breath, they were shot until the water was red with blood. I knew two blacks, who though wounded came out of the hole alive. One was a boy at the time about 12 or 14 years old. He was hit in the eye by a slug, captured by the whites, and made to lead the 'brigade' from one camp to another."[2] Hoddinott said that more than 100 Aboriginal people were killed on that day. Historian Peter Gardner, in a review of all accounts of the massacre, wrote that MacMillan and the Highland Brigade aimed to wipe out all the Aboriginal people in the area. Gardner concludes that McMillan's group initially killed two family groups at Warrigal Creek waterhole and then a few days later killed another 60 people at the mouth of Warrigal Creek, then killing three other groups at Freshwater Creek, Gammon Creek, and Red Hill.[3]


  1. ^ Morgan, Patrick (October 2004). "Gippsland Settlers and the Kurnai Dead". Quadrant Magazine. XLVIII (10). Archived from the original on 1 September 2007. 
  2. ^ "Centre For 21st Century Humanities". c21ch.newcastle.edu.au. Retrieved 2018-04-05. 
  3. ^ Gardner, Peter (2001). Gippsland Massacres: The Destruction of the Kurnai Tribes, 1800-1860. Bairnsdale: Ngarak Press. pp. 47–61. 

External links[edit]


  • The Book of the Bush
  • "The Settling of Gippsland - A Regional History", by Patrick Morgan, published by Gippsland Municipalities Association, Traralgon, 1997 ISBN 0-646-33857-9
  • Gardner, Peter, 'The Warrigal Creek massacre', Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, pp. 47–51, June, 1980.

Coordinates: 37°40′14″S 146°39′57″E / 37.67056°S 146.66583°E / -37.67056; 146.66583