Fangak State

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Fangak State
Gezira Area
Location of Fangak State in South Sudan
Location of Fangak State in South Sudan
CountrySouth Sudan
Number of Counties8[2]
 • GovernorJohn Kong Nyuon
 (2014 Estimate)
 • Total326,370

Fangak State (previously named Western Bieh State) was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020.[3] It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it bordered Ruweng to the northwest, Western Nile to the northeast, Eastern Nile to the east, Eastern Bieh to the southeast, Jonglei to the south, Southern Liech to the southwest, and Northern Liech to the west.


On 2 October 2015, President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 constitutionally established states.[4] The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines. A number of opposition parties and civil society groups challenged the constitutionality of the decree. Kiir later resolved to take it to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment.[5] In November the South Sudanese parliament empowered President Kiir to create new states.[6]

James Kok Ruea was appointed Governor on 24 December.[7] The state was renamed to Fangak State in March 2016.[2]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The state consisted of three counties: Fangak, Canal and Ayod.[2]


  1. ^ "SPLA-IO accused of killing civilians in Ayod". Sudan Tribune. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Western Bieh renamed to Fangak State". Gartong. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  3. ^ Mutambo, Aggrey. "S. Sudan govt agrees to reduce states to 10 to maintain peace". The East African. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  4. ^ "Kiir and Makuei want 28 states in South Sudan". Radio Tamazuj. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08.
  5. ^ "Kiir pressured into taking decree to parliament for approval". Radio Tamazuj. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  6. ^ "South Sudan's Kiir appoints governors of 28 new states". Sudan Tribune.
  7. ^ "South Sudan's President appoints 28 Governors, defies peace agreement". South Sudan News Agency. 24 December 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-02-02.