Why Don't You Do Right?

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"Weed Smoker's Dream"
Weed Smoker's Dream single cover.jpg
Single by Harlem Hamfats
B-side"Little Girl"
Released1936 (1936)
Format78 rpm record
RecordedChicago, October 2, 1936
Genreblues, jazz
Songwriter(s)Kansas Joe McCoy[1]

"Why Don't You Do Right?" (originally recorded as "Weed Smoker's Dream") is an American blues and jazz-influenced pop song written by Joseph "Kansas Joe" McCoy in 1936. A minor key twelve-bar blues with a few chord substitutions, it is considered a classic "woman's blues" song and has become a standard.

Composition and lyrics[edit]

In 1936, the Harlem Hamfats recorded "The Weed Smoker's Dream". Band member McCoy later rewrote the song, refining the composition and lyrics. The new tune, titled "Why Don't You Do Right?", was recorded by Lil Green in 1941, with guitar by William "Big Bill" Broonzy. The recording was an early jazz and blues hit.[2]

The song has its roots in blues music and originally dealt with a marijuana smoker reminiscing about lost financial opportunities. As it was rewritten, it takes on the perspective of the female partner, who chastises her man for his irresponsible ways:

Why don't you do right, like some other men do?
Get out of here and get me some money too.

Peggy Lee recordings[edit]

"Why Don't You Do Right?"
Single by Benny Goodman with Peggy Lee
B-side"Six Flats Unfurnished"
Released1942 (1942)
Format78 rpm record
RecordedNew York, July 27, 1942
Songwriter(s)Kansas Joe McCoy
Peggy Lee performing the song in Stage Door Canteen (1943)
Benny Goodman and His Orchestra with Peggy Lee, performing "Why Don't You Do Right?" in Stage Door Canteen

One of the best-known versions of the song was recorded by Peggy Lee and Benny Goodman on July 27, 1942, in New York. Featured in the 1943 film, Stage Door Canteen, it sold over 1 million copies and brought her to nationwide attention.[3] Lee often stated that Green's recording was influential to her music. In a 1984 interview she said, "I was and am a fan of Lil Green, a great old blues singer, and Lil recorded it. I used to play that record over and over in my dressing room, which was next door to Benny's. Finally he said, 'You obviously like that song.' I said, 'Oh, I love it.' He said, 'Would you like me to have an arrangement made of it?' I said, 'I'd love that,' and he did."

"Why Don't You Do Right?" was not Goodman and Lee's biggest hit. However, it reached number four on the Billboard charts and defined Lee's sultry and rich vocal style early on in her career. Lee married guitarist Dave Barbour and left Goodman in 1943. She intended to retire from the music industry and focus on homemaking, but she continued receiving offers to return to the music world, largely due in part to the success of "Why Don't You Do Right?" Ultimately she returned to singing, and collaborated off and on with Goodman throughout her career. They recorded an alternate version of "Why Don't You Do Right?" in 1947.

Other renditions[edit]

Many musicians have recorded "Why Don't You Do Right?". These include renditions by Kay Kyser (vocals by Julie Conway), Ella Fitzgerald (Jazz at the Philharmonic, the Ella Fitzgerald Set) and Joe Pass, Julie London, Cal Tjader and Mary Stallings, Mark Murphy, Shirley Horn, Johnny Otis, Mel Torme, Rasputina, Imelda May, Kiri Te Kanawa, Ashlee Simpson, Sinéad O'Connor, Eden Brent on her album Mississippi Number One (2008), White Ghost Shivers on their album Everyone's Got 'Em (2006), and the Carolina Chocolate Drops on their Grammy Award-winning album Genuine Negro Jig (2010). Súle Greg Wilson, who played with the Drops on that album, released his own version (with daughter, Senbi Wilson, singing lead, accompanied by Dom Flemons on guitar and Súle on gourd mandolin) that same year on his CD, Runaway Dream: Post-African Music. In 1960, the American jazz singer Della Reese recorded an uptempo version of the song for her album Della Della Cha-Cha-Cha. The song was then recorded in Italy in the early 1960s by Helen Merrill, while she was living there, for the album Parole e Musica: Words and Music.

The song was performed in the 1988 film Who Framed Roger Rabbit by the animated character Jessica Rabbit. Although Kathleen Turner (who was uncredited for her role) provided the talking voice for the character, the vocal performance of the song is by actress Amy Irving, then the wife of executive producer Steven Spielberg.[4] Hugh Laurie included the song, under the original title and with original lyrics (vocals by Gaby Moreno), on his second album in 2013. Gramophonedzie sampled and remixed Peggy Lee's 1947 version from The Best of Peggy Lee: The Capitol Years for his 2010 single "Why Don't You?" It reached number one in the UK Dance Chart.

Peggy Lee's 1947 Capitol recording is used throughout the game Mafia II.

The video game Fallout: New Vegas uses a 1950 Peggy Lee recording taken from the audio track of a Snader Telescription.[5] Online compilations incorrectly cite the Columbia Benny Goodman or the Capitol Dave Barbour sessions.[6]

The American singer, Lana Del Rey, covered the song during her Endless Summer Tour.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Why Don't You Do Right". ASCAP | ACE Repertory. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
  2. ^ Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 13. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
  3. ^ Bush, John. "Peggy Lee – Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  4. ^ Irving's performance of "Why Don't You Do Right?" was not her on-screen singing debut; she had marked that in the film Honeysuckle Rose alongside Willie Nelson and versus Dyan Cannon.
  5. ^ "The Peggy Lee Bio-Discography And Videography: An Inquiry into the Snader, Studio, and Camay Companies". The Peggy Lee Bio-Discography and Videography. Retrieved 2015-11-14.
  6. ^ "Why Don't You Do Right? (From "Fallout: New Vegas"): Peggy Lee Benny Goodman and His Orchestra: Amazon.co.uk: MP3 Downloads". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-30.