Wikipedia:Today's featured list/May 2020

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May 1

Chairil Anwar
Chairil Anwar

Indonesian author Chairil Anwar wrote 75 poems, 7 pieces of prose, and 3 poetry collections. He also translated 10 poems and 4 pieces of prose. The majority of Anwar's original poems are included in his collections: Deru Campur Debu (1949), Kerikil-Kerikil Tajam dan yang Terampas dan yang Putus (1949), and Tiga Menguak Takdir (1950). In 1942, he wrote "Nisan" ('Gravestone'), which is generally considered to be his first poem. He wrote extensively during the Japanese occupation (1942–1945), at times having to change his poems to avoid censorship; for instance, the title of his best-known work, "Aku" ('Me'), was temporarily known as "Semangat" ('Spirit') to avoid censorship based on themes of individuality. After his death Anwar was criticised for plagiarism, with several works revealed to have been uncredited translations of foreign poems. His original works, unlike poems by earlier writers, used everyday language in an unusual manner in his poetry, mixing in words from foreign languages. (Full list...)


May 4

Alabama
Alabama

Fifty-one different songs topped the Hot Country Singles chart in 1985. Hot Country Songs is a chart that ranks the top-performing country music songs in the United States, published by Billboard magazine under the title Hot Country Singles in 1985. Alabama (pictured), one of the most successful bands in country music history, had the highest number of chart-toppers by a single act in 1985, with four: "(There's A) Fire in the Night", "There's No Way", "40 Hour Week (For a Livin')" and "Can't Keep a Good Man Down". When the group achieved its third number one of the year in August, Billboard regarded it as Alabama's seventeenth consecutive Hot Country number one, breaking the record for consecutive chart-toppers previously held by Sonny James. Earl Thomas Conley, Exile, the Judds and the Oak Ridge Boys each had three number ones in 1985. Ray Charles topped the chart for the only time that year. He went all the way to the top spot with the Willie Nelson collaboration "Seven Spanish Angels", taken from the album Friendship, on which Charles duetted with a range of contemporary country singers. (Full list...)


May 8

2014 winner Bernard Parker
2014 winner Bernard Parker

The Lesley Manyathela Golden Boot is an annual association football award presented by the Premier Soccer League to the leading goalscorer in the South African Premier Division. The award, colloquially known as the PSL Golden Boot or simply the Golden Boot, has been presented since the inception of the post-apartheid format of the league in 1996. It was named in 2003 in honour of Lesley Manyathela, a South African international footballer and former recipient of the award who died in a motor vehicle collision in August of that year. Wilfred Mugeyi was the first recipient of the award, after he scored 22 goals for Bush Bucks in the inaugural Premier Division season. He is one of only four players to have scored 20 or more goals in a season, alongside Pollen Ndlanya, Collins Mbesuma and Siyabonga Nomvethe. Players from Moroka Swallows and Kaizer Chiefs have won the award the most times, with each club having four unique winners. (Full list...)


May 11

There are 163 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in Norfolk, out of which 123 are biological, 25 are geological and 15 are both biological and geological. In England, SSSIs are designated by Natural England, which is responsible for protecting England's natural environment. Designation as an SSSI gives legal protection to the most important wildlife and geological sites. Sixty-one sites in Norfolk are Special Areas of Conservation, forty-four are Special Protection Areas, thirty-two are Ramsar sites, forty are Geological Conservation Review sites, and thirty-five are Nature Conservation Review sites. Twenty-two sites are managed by the Norfolk Wildlife Trust, one by the Suffolk Wildlife Trust, three by the National Trust, one by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and one by the Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust. (Full list...)


May 15

Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Adoor Gopalakrishnan

The Kerala State Film Award for Best Director is an honour presented annually at the Kerala State Film Awards of India since 1969. It is given to a film director who has exhibited outstanding direction while working in the Malayalam film industry. Until 1997, the awards were managed directly by the Department of Cultural Affairs of the Government of Kerala. Since 1998, the Kerala State Chalachitra Academy, an autonomous non-profit organisation functioning under the Department of Cultural Affairs, has been exercising control over the awards. The first Kerala State Film Awards ceremony was held in 1970, with cinematographer-director A. Vincent receiving the Best Director award for his work in Nadhi (1969). Filmmaker G. Aravindan is the most frequent winner in this category, with seven awards, followed by Adoor Gopalakrishnan (pictured), with six awards, Shyamaprasad (five awards) and K. S. Sethumadhavan (four awards). (Full list...)


May 18

Restored train car used to transport Slovak Jews
Restored train car used to transport Slovak Jews

During the Holocaust, most of Slovakia's Jewish population was deported in two waves—1942 and 1944–1945. In 1942, there were two destinations: 18,746 Jews were deported in eighteen transports to Auschwitz concentration camp and another 39,000–40,000 were deported in thirty-eight transports to Majdanek and Sobibór extermination camps and various ghettos in the Lublin district of the General Governorate. A total of 57,628 people were deported; only a few hundred returned. In 1944 and 1945, 13,500 Jews were deported to Auschwitz (8,000 deportees), with smaller numbers sent to the Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrück, Bergen-Belsen, and Theresienstadt concentration camps. Altogether, these deportations resulted in the deaths of around 67,000 of the 89,000 Jews living in Slovakia. (Full list...)


May 22

The Triple Gold Club is the group of ice hockey players and coaches who have won an Olympic Games gold medal, a World Championship gold medal, and the Stanley Cup, the championship trophy of the National Hockey League. The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) considers them to be "the three most important championships available to the sport". Tomas Jonsson, Mats Näslund and Håkan Loob became the first members on 27 February 1994, when Sweden won the gold medal at the 1994 Winter Olympics. The term first entered popular use following the 2002 Winter Olympics, which saw the addition of the first Canadian members. On 8 May 2007, the IIHF that announced it would formalize the club and recognize the players who had won the three championships. There are 29 player members of the Triple Gold Club – eleven Canadians, nine Swedes, seven Russians, and two Czechs. Eleven of the players are defencemen and the remaining players are forwards; to date, no goaltender has achieved the honor. (Full list...)

Part of the Triple Gold Club series, one of Wikipedia's featured topics.

May 25

The Beatles
The Beatles

The Beatles recorded hundreds of songs during their career. The group's "main catalogue" – songs released between 1962 and 1970 – consists of 213 songs (four of which exist in different versions): 188 originals and 25 covers. Since their break-up, more than 100 other songs by the group have been officially released, which include live songs the group never recorded in the studio and numerous outtakes. The band also recorded several songs that remain unreleased. Following their signing with EMI in 1962, each member of the "Fab Four" contributed to songwriting. Their primary songwriters were the partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney, who composed most of the group's songs; lead guitarist George Harrison wrote 22 songs, including "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", "Something" and "Here Comes the Sun", while drummer Ringo Starr wrote two songs ("Don't Pass Me By" and "Octopus's Garden"), and was credited as co-writer for four others. (Full list...)


May 29

The 2018 anime television series Banana Fish consists of 24 episodes. Adapted from the 1985 manga of the same name by Akimi Yoshida, the series was produced and animated by MAPPA, while development, promotion, and distribution was overseen by Aniplex. Banana Fish follows the relationship between Ash Lynx, a teenage gang leader in New York City, and Eiji Okumura, a Japanese photographer's assistant. The Banana Fish anime adaption was greenlit by Shogakukan, which published the original manga, based on a story proposal from Aniplex animation producer Kyōko Uryū. Uryū pitched the series for a 2018 release to coincide with the 40th anniversary of Yoshida's debut as a mangaka; the series would ultimately become part of a broader commemoration project to mark Yoshida's career. Each episode title references a literary work by a writer of the Lost Generation. (Full list...)