Holleeder in the Palace of Justice in Amsterdam (1987)
Willem Frederik Holleeder
29 May 1958
|Criminal status||Convicted (life imprisonment)|
|Criminal charge||1983: Heineken kidnapping|
2006: Extortion, assault
|Penalty||1983: 11 years' imprisonment|
2007: 9 years' imprisonment
2019: Life imprisonment
|Comments||siblings : Astrid Holleeder, Sonja Holleeder, Gerard Holleeder|
In 1983, Holleeder was sentenced to eleven years' imprisonment for his involvement in the kidnapping of Heineken president Freddy Heineken for a 35-million-gulden (approximately €16 million, or US$19.5 million) ransom. Then, in 2007 Holleeder was sentenced to nine years in prison for several counts of extortion, including the extortion of Willem Endstra, who was murdered in 2004 after falling out with Holleeder. He served his sentence in Nieuw Vosseveld and was released on 27 January 2012. In July 2019, he was sentenced to life imprisonment for five murders and one count of manslaughter.
Born in 1958 in Amsterdam, Holleeder was the son of Wim Holleeder (1927–1990), an employee at the Heineken breweries who lost his job because of alcoholism. As a teenager, he, along with his classmate Cor van Hout were part of a gang that worked for landlords in evicting squatters, and may have been involved in several robberies. Cor van Hout was later to become his brother-in-law by marrying his sister Sonja.
In 1983, their relatively unknown gang abducted the Heineken heir Freddy Heineken (who had purchased back the family ownership of the brewery), along with his chauffeur. Ultimately, their demand for 35 million guilders (approximately €16 million, or US$19.5 million) was met by the family, although the police were against it. After Freddy Heineken's release, the kidnappers—Cor van Hout, Willem Holleeder, Jan Boelaard, Frans Meijer, and Martin Erkamps—were all eventually traced and served prison sentences. During this period, Holleeder met many other gangsters, including Dennis Stewart & Yvon Lodewijks, who was later accused of ordering the murder of Holleeder's brother-in-law and co-criminal Cor van Hout.
After serving the Heineken sentence, Holleeder emerged as a high-profile criminal leader. Several million of the Heineken ransom was never traced, and may have been part of his initial kitty with which he and Cor van Hout set up an extortion empire; there are said to be up to 24 people in his crime ring.
Initially, he was in a business relationship with real estate businessman Willem Endstra, possibly involving money laundering. After Cor van Hout was killed in 2003, Holleeder fell out with Endstra. Endstra secretly testified to the police about Holleeder, but was shot dead near his office in 2004. It is suspected that Holleeder, along with his partner-in-crime Dino Soerel, ordered the murder of both Willem Endstra and John Mieremet, who was shot in Thailand on 2 November 2005. Holleeder's name keeps turning up in this connection although three suspects in the Endstra murder, Ali N. and C. Özgür of Alkmaar and Cleon D. from Almere have been released. According to Endstra, Holleeder was involved in 25 murders, including that of Cor van Hout.
The Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf reported on 16 July 2006, that Holleeder and Cor van Hout had planned to kidnap Prince Bernhard instead of Freddy Heineken in the 1980s. Thomas van der Bijl, who was murdered in his bar in Amsterdam in April 2006, made these allegations in a deposition before the Dutch national police.
2007 trial and sentencing
Holleeder's 2006 trial was dubbed the trial of the century. His lawyer, Bram Moszkowicz, argued that media pronunciations on Holleeder as one of the "topcriminelen" had prejudiced the case against him. However, Moszkowicz was forced to resign after media allegations of conflict of interest, since he had also been the lawyer for Willem Endstra.
Among the witnesses in the trial was lawyer Bram Zeegers, who testified that Holleeder had been extorting millions of euros from Endstra between 2000 and 2004. A week after the testimony, Zeegers was found dead of a drug overdose.
In late 2007, Holleeder underwent a heart valve surgery; initially, reports of his failing health were thought to be a hoax, but present medical opinion appears to suggest that he is indeed in poor health and may not survive the present sentence.
While he was under detention in 2008, he was also arrested for alleged involvement in the murder of Yugoslav drugs dealer Serge Miranovic in 2006.
After his release
Holleeder was released from De Schie prison in Rotterdam on 27 January 2012, after serving two thirds of his nine-year term. He had been due to be released on 31 January but was let out early to avoid publicity. After his release he appeared on television in the show College Tour in 2012. He also made a record named Willem is terug ("Willem is back") in September 2012 together with Lange Frans, a Dutch rapper. Various politicians condemned his appearance, because Holleeder should not become a cult hero. In addition, from September 2012 until 7 March 2013 Holleeder wrote a weekly column for the Dutch magazine Nieuwe Revu.
In February 2013 Holleeder was a co-founder of the motorcycle club No Surrender MC and served as vice-president of the Amsterdam branch.
In May 2013, Holleeder was arrested in a large operation involving 450 police and army personnel. He was suspected of extortion. The victim of the alleged extortion was Theo Huisman who is the ex-president of the Amsterdam chapter of the Hells Angels Holland. On 12 June 2013 Holleeder was released from prison but remains a suspect in the case. Back in jail, in May 2015 it became known that Holleeder knew who was involved in the murder of his brother-in-law, Cor van Hout. His sister Astrid, a criminal lawyer, feared that Holleeder plans to assassinate her, and so she proposed to assist in his prosecution. While visiting him in prison she secretly recorded his confession and handed it to the police.
In July 2019, the Court in Amsterdam convicted Holleeder after a lengthy and extensive trial at the age of 61 to life emprisonment for the involvement in a series of five murders, including on his former friend and criminal associate Cor van Hout, and one case of manslaughter, thus following the demand of the prosecutor and brushing off his denials.
The judges also found that he had formed a crime gang and ordered killings with jailed associate Dino Soerel and since-murdered criminal Stanley Hillis.
The prosecution case relied on the sensational testimony of his sister, Astrid, who made secret recordings of their conversations. Victim Van Hout was married to Holleeder's sister Sonja, and she too gave evidence against him.
The cases in which Holleeder was found guilty:
- Sam Klepper, criminal - shot dead, 2000
- Cor van Hout, friend, brother-in-law and ex-accomplice - shot dead, 2003
- Willem Endstra, property developer - shot dead, 2004
- Kees Houtman, drug dealer - shot dead, 2006
- Thomas van der Bijl, bar owner and family friend - shot dead, 2006
He was also guilty of ordering 2002 attempted murder of John Mieremet, Klepper's business partner - later shot dead in Thailand, 2005 and of ordering manslaughter of Robert ter Haak, who died of bullet wounds in the murder of Cor van Hout.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Willem Holleeder.|
- Astrid Holleeder: Judas. Een familiekroniek. Amsterdam, Lebowski, 2016. ISBN 9789048825028
- "Appeals court confirms nine years for notorious criminal - archief". Nrc.nl. 1 January 2012. Archived from the original on 6 July 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Negen jaar cel voor Holleeder (video) | nu.nl/algemeen | Het laatste nieuws het eerst op". Nu.nl. Archived from the original on 24 December 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Gangster John Mieremet killed in Thailand < Dutch news | Expatica The Netherlands". Expatica.com. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Willem Holleeder jailed for life for ordering five gangland murders
- DUTCH CRIME BOSS TO SPEND LIFE IN PRISON OVER 6 MURDERS
- Holleeder trial: Dutch crime godfather gets life for five murders
- "Netherlands' most notorious criminal stands trial again - archief". Nrc.nl. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Holleeder gaf toe dat hij wist van moord op Cor van Hout". Retrieved 30 May 2015.
- De oorlog in de Amsterdamse onderwereld by Bart Middelburg and Paul Vugts
- "Connections between crime world killings". Expatica.com. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
-  Archived 28 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Holleeder wilde Prins ontvoeren" (in Dutch). Telegraaf.nl.
- [dead link]
- ""Holleeder has 2 years to live" < Dutch news | Expatica The Netherlands". Expatica.com. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Convicted Amsterdam blackmailer loses appeal < Dutch news | Expatica The Netherlands". Expatica.com. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "BBC News - Dutch crime boss Willem Holleeder freed". Bbc.co.uk. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Borgdorff, Suzanne. "Huys: 'Holleeder in College Tour spannendste tv-moment ooit'". Retrieved 30 May 2015.
- "Lange Frans & Willem Holleeder - Willem is Terug". www.hiphopgemeenschap.nl. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- "VVD: Holleeder op tv is absurd | NOS". nos.nl. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
- "Dutch Heineken kidnapper Willem 'The Nose' Holleeder arrested for extortion". News.com.au. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Holleeder perste 'president' Hells Angels af - HOLLEEDER - PAROOL". Parool.nl. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Bewerkt door: Redactie 12-7-13 - 10:01 bron: ANP. "Willem Holleeder weer op vrije voeten". AD.nl. Retrieved 26 April 2014.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Sunday Times Magazine" 8 April 2017
- CRIME BOSS HOLLEEDER INDICTED ON THREE MORE ASSASSINATIONS
- The hottest ticket in Amsterdam is a seat at the Holleeder trial
- Text of verdict 04 July 2019
- Public prosecutor demands life sentence for Holleeder
- LIFE IN PRISON DEMANDED OF SUSPECTED CRIME BOSS, HEINEKEN KIDNAPPER WILLEM HOLLEEDER
- Holleeder: ‘No idea’ why gangster who owed him money was murdered
- Astrid Holleeder: Why I betrayed my crime boss brother
- "HE MADE OUR LIVES HELL": ORGANISED CRIME BOSS' SISTER
- Gangland boss Willem Holleeder shopped by sisters and ex-girlfriend
- How a Notorious Gangster Was Exposed by His Own Sister - Astrid Holleeder secretly recorded her brother’s murderous confessions. Will he exact revenge?