William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire
William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC (26 September 1698 – 5 December 1755) was a British nobleman and Whig politician, the son of William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire and the Hon. Rachel Russell.
He married Catherine Hoskins (or Hoskyn) (d. 8 May 1777) on 27 March 1718. They had seven children:
- Lady Caroline Cavendish (22 May 1719 – 20 January 1760), married William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough and had issue.
- William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire (1720 – 2 October 1764)
- Lord George Augustus Cavendish (d. 2 May 1794), died unmarried.
- Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (bef. 1727–1796), married Hon. John Ponsonby and had issue.
- Field Marshal Lord Frederick Cavendish (c. 1729 – 21 October 1803), died unmarried.
- Lord John Cavendish (c. 1734–1796)
- Lady Rachel Cavendish (7 June 1727 - 8 May 1805), married Horatio Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford.
Like his father, the 3rd Duke was active in politics, and served for seven years as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was also a Member of Parliament from 1721 until his father's death sent him to the House of Lords in 1729.
In 1739, he was enlisted as a founding governor for the new children's charity, the Foundling Hospital, in Bloomsbury, London, which aimed to alleviate the problem of babies being abandoned by destitute mothers and ended up becoming a centre for British art and music. William Cavendish sold the Old Devonshire House at 48 Boswell Street, Theobald's Road in Bloomsbury. In 1734 Cavendish engaged architect William Kent to build a new Cavendish House in fashionable Piccadilly.
William Cavendish (and his wife) are also notable as the most recent common ancestors of Prince Charles and his first wife, Lady Diana Spencer. Charles and Diana were seventh cousins once removed as Charles descends from William's son, the 4th Duke, and Diana was descended from William's daughter, Lady Elizabeth.
- Rachel Walpole, Countess of Orford at Geni.com
- "William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire (1698 - 1755)". Chatsworth House. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Diana, Princess of Wales: Frequently Asked Questions". www.dianapow.com. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
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