William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire

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His Grace
The Duke of Devonshire
KG, PC
3rdearlDevonshire.jpg
William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire
Personal details
Born 26 September 1698
Died 5 December 1755
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Catherine Hoskins
Children 7 (including William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, Lord John Cavendish, and Lord Frederick Cavendish)
Parents William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire
Hon. Rachel Russell
Coat of arms of William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC

William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC (26 September 1698 – 5 December 1755) was a British nobleman and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1721 to 1729 when he inherited the Dukedom.

Life[edit]

Cavendish was the son of William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire and the Hon. Rachel Russell and was known as Marquis of Hartington. On 27 March 1718 he married Catherine Hoskins, or Hoskyn (born 1700 – died 8 May 1777) daughter of John of Oxted Hoskins born 1640 Oxted, Surrey – 16 May 1717 Oxted, Surrey, England, and Catherine Hale born 1673 – 1703.

Like his father, Lord Hartington was active in public life. He was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel at a by-election in 1721. At the 1722 general election he was returned unopposed as MP for Grampound. He was also unopposed when he was returned as MP for Huntingdonshire at the 1727 general election. He surrendered the seat in 1729 when his father's death sent him to the House of Lords.[1] He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1731. He served as Lord Privy Seal from 1731 to 1733, when he was invested as a Knight of the Garter. He later served for seven years as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.[2]

He sold the Old Devonshire House at 48 Boswell Street, Theobald's Road, in Bloomsbury, and in 1734 engaged the architect William Kent to build a new Cavendish House in fashionable Piccadilly. In 1739, he was enlisted as a founding governor of a new children's charity, the Foundling Hospital in Bloomsbury, London, which aimed to alleviate the problem of infants being abandoned by destitute mothers and which later became a centre for art and music.

During the Jacobite rising of 1745 the Duke raised a militia unit in support of the King known as the Derbyshire Blues, which mustered at the George Inn, Derby, on 3 December 1745.

The Duke had seven children:

The Duke and his wife are also notable as the most recent common ancestors of Charles, Prince of Wales, and his first wife Lady Diana Spencer. Charles and Diana were seventh cousins once removed, as Charles is descended from the 3rd Duke's son, the 4th Duke, while Diana was descended from his daughter, Lady Elizabeth Cavendish.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CAVENDISH, William, Mq. of Hartington (?1698-1755), of Chatsworth, Derbys". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 17 August 2018. 
  2. ^ "William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire (1698 - 1755)". Chatsworth House. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Rachel Walpole, Countess of Orford at Geni.com
  4. ^ "Diana, Princess of Wales: Frequently Asked Questions". www.dianapow.com. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Galfridus Walpole
John Newsham
Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel
1721–1724
With: John Newsham 1721–1722
Lord Stanhope 1722–1724
Succeeded by
Sir Orlando Bridgeman, Bt
Henry Parsons
Preceded by
Hon. John West
Richard West
Member of Parliament for Grampound
17221727
With: Humphry Morice
Succeeded by
Humphry Morice
Philip Hawkins
Preceded by
John Bigg
John Proby
Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire
1727–1729
With: John Bigg
Succeeded by
John Bigg
Robert Piggott
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of St Albans
Captain of the Gentlemen Pensioners
1726–1731
Succeeded by
The Earl of Burlington
Preceded by
The 2nd Duke of Devonshire
Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire
1729–1755
Succeeded by
The 4th Duke of Devonshire
Political offices
Preceded by
In Commission
Lord Privy Seal
1731–1733
Succeeded by
The Viscount Lonsdale
Preceded by
The Earl of Chesterfield
Lord Steward
1733–1737
Succeeded by
The Duke of Dorset
Preceded by
The Duke of Dorset
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1737–1744
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chesterfield
Preceded by
The Duke of Dorset
Lord Steward
1744–1749
Succeeded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Cavendish
Duke of Devonshire
1729–1755
Succeeded by
William Cavendish
Baron Cavendish of Hardwick
(descended by acceleration)

1729–1751