|Born||10 November 1917
|Died||2 April 1989 (aged 71)
William Leonard Higgitt (November 10, 1917 – April 2, 1989) was the 15th Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Commissioner (October 1, 1969 – December 28, 1973; succeeding Malcolm Lindsay) and President of the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) (1972 - 1976; succeeding Paul Dickopf).
Leonard was born in Anerley, Saskatchewan on November 10, 1917. His father Percy Higgitt gave up his nearby homestead when Leonard was four to be an Imperial Oil agent and grain buyer for the Canadian Consolidated Grain Company; later taking over the local store and post office which he operated for over forty years, and ultimately spending many hours in public service to the community in various capacities covering a period of forty-six years.
At the age of 20, Leonard joined the RCMP at Regina in September 1937 where he completed recruit training and became a stenographer for “F” Division, Regina. He remained in Regina until 1940 when he was posted to Ottawa, Ontario for special war duties and to serve in the Intelligence Branch.
In 1945, he was involved in the investigation of Igor Gouzenko, a cipher clerk for the Soviet Embassy to Canada whom defected on September 5 1945 with 109 documents on Soviet espionage activities in the West.
In 1952, Higgitt became Inspector and Personnel Officer in Ontario. He moved to western Quebec two years later to serve as Inspector at “C” Division, then was transferred to Montreal to take charge of the Subdivision and supervise the RCMP’s investigation and enforcement of the Canada Customs Act. In 1955 he graduated from the Canadian Police College. He was posted to the Ottawa Headquarters in 1957 to take on increasingly heavy responsibilities in what is now the Security Service. Three years later he moved to London, England, where he was appointed Liaison Officer for the United Kingdom and Western Europe in the Canadian Delegation to the General Assemblies of INTERPOL. He remained at this post for three years, travelling extensively and working closely with a number of police organizations. He returned to Canada in 1963 as a Superintendent where he resumed his work in the Security Service in Ottawa. In 1967, Higgitt became the head of that branch and became Director of Security and Intelligence for the whole of Canada with the rank of Assistant Commissioner. Two years later, he was promoted to Deputy Commissioner and became Director of Operations for all Criminal and Security Service matters throughout Canada. On October 1, 1969 he was promoted to Commissioner and was also unanimously elected a Vice-President of INTERPOL.
During his term in office, the RCMP Guidon was presented to the Force by Queen Elizabeth II, the first videofile system for storing and retrieving fingerprints was obtained, the Canadian Police Information Center (CPIC) with nationwide computer services was opened, and the creation of the Canadian Bomb Data Center was authorized. Higgitt directed operations during the FLQ Crisis in Quebec in 1970 and was responsible for organizing the RCMP Centennial Celebrations in 1973.
He was named Commander Insignia of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem (Order of St. John). He was also awarded the Canadian Centennial Medal, the RCMP Long Service Medal, and was elected President of Interpol in 1972, the first elected president from outside Europe.
Commissioner Higgitt retired from the RCMP on December 28 1973. He died in Ottawa on April 2, 1989 and was buried in the RCMP cemetery in Regina, Saskatchewan.
- RCMP Museum -- Friendly Notes Vol.14, No.1, Winter 2004
- Policing in Today's "Sophisticated" Society: An Address by Commissioner W. L. Higgitt, RCMP
- Interpol History
|Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police