William Lawrence (London MP)

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Sir William Lawrence
William Lawrence, Lord Mayor of London.
William Lawrence, Lord Mayor of London.
Member of Parliament
for City of London
Personal details
Born 1818
Died 18 April 1897
The grave of Sir William Lawrence MP, Kensal Green Cemetery

Sir William Lawrence (1818 – 18 April 1897)[1] was an English builder and Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1865 and 1885.

Biography[edit]

Lawrence was the eldest son of William Lawrence, an alderman of the City of London, and his wife Jane Clarke, daughter of James Clarke. He was a builder in London and a partner in the firm of William Lawrence and Sons Builders. In 1857 he was High Sheriff of London and Middlesex for a year and in 1863 to 1864 Lord Mayor of London. He was a Deputy Lieutenant for the City of London, a J.P. for Middlesex and Westminster and an alderman of London.[2]

At the 1865 general election Lawrence was elected as a Member of Parliament (MP) for the City of London, but lost the seat in 1874.[3] He was re-elected at the 1880 general election[3] and held the seat until the next general election, in 1885, when representation was reduced from four to two under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.[1] He was the last Liberal to represent the City of London.[4]

At the 1885 general election he stood in Paddington South as an independent liberal, but was unsuccessful, winning only 7.2% of the votes.[5]

Lawrence died unmarried at the age of 78. He is buried in the eastern roundel of Kensal Green Cemetery in London, not far from the entrance.

The address at his funeral was given by Brooke Herford, minister of Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel where he, like his father, had worshipped.[6] His brothers Sir James Lawrence, 1st Baronet and Sir Edwin Durning-Lawrence were also M.P.s. James was MP for Lambeth, Edwin for Truro. His nephew Frederick Pethick-Lawrence was a pacifist and suffragette, and later an MP.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Debretts House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881
  3. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 6. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  4. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=67248. Accessed 11/10/2012.
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 39. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  6. ^ D.W. Beddington, Unitarian Members of Parliament in the Nineteenth Century. A Catalogue. Transactions of the Unitarian Historical Society Supplement, Vol. 24, No. 3 (April 2009), p. 29. http://www.unitarianhistory.org.uk/Unitarian%20Members%20of%20Parliament%20in%20the%20Nineteenth%20Century.pdf. Accessed 10/10/2012.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir James Duke, Bt
Robert Wigram Crawford
George Goschen
Baron Lionel de Rothschild
Member of Parliament for the City of London
18651874
With: George Goschen 1863–80
Robert Wigram Crawford 1857–74
Baron Lionel de Rothschild 1847–68
Charles Bell 1868–69
Baron Lionel de Rothschild 1869–80
Succeeded by
Philip Twells
John Hubbard
George Goschen
William Cotton
Preceded by
Philip Twells
George Goschen
William Cotton
John Gellibrand Hubbard
Member of Parliament for City of London
18741887
With: William Cotton 1874–85
John Gellibrand Hubbard 1874–87
Sir Robert Fowler, Bt 1880–91
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Nicholas Fowler
John Hubbard