William Reid (British Army officer)
Sir William Reid
GCMG KCB FRS
Kinglassie, Fife, Scotland
|Died||31 October 1858
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Born at Kinglassie, Fife and educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Reid was commissioned lieutenant of engineers in 1809, and in 1810 joined Wellington's army at Lisbon. In 1815 he participated in Sir Edward Pakenham's unsuccessful attack on New Orleans and in 1835 commanded a brigade in the British Legion raised by the Queen Regent of Spain. Subsequently Reid served as Governor of the Bermudas (1839–1846), of the British Windward Islands (1846–1848), and of Malta (1851–1858). He was knighted in 1851 and promoted to major general five years later.
Reid was sent to the Leeward Islands in 1831 to direct the task of reconstruction after the Great Barbados hurricane. During his two-and-a-half-year stay he became absorbed in trying to understand the nature of North Atlantic hurricanes, which led to a lifelong study of tropical storms. He published An Attempt to Develop the Law of Storms by Means of Facts (1838; third edition, 1850) and The Progress of the Development of the Law of Storms and of the Variable Winds (1849).
Reid died aged 67 at his home in Hyde Park, London on 31 October 1858.
His daughter, Grace Reid, married Basil William Reid Hall, son of Basil Hall.
His daughter Charlotte Cuyler Reid married General Sir Neville Chamberlain.
- A Brief History, Bermuda National Library
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". The Royal Society. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
- "Deaths." Times [London, England] 2 Nov. 1858: 1. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 23 June 2013.
- Walford, Edward. The county families of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Reid, Sir William.|
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- "Reid, William (1791-1858)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
Sir R.S. Chapman
|Governor of Bermuda
Sir Charles Edward Grey
|Governor of Barbados and the Windward Islands
William MacBean George Colebrooke
Richard More O'Ferrall
|Governor of Malta
Sir John Le Marchant