Betty and Winfield Dunn in 2007
|43rd Governor of Tennessee|
January 16, 1971 – January 18, 1975
|Lieutenant||John S. Wilder|
|Preceded by||Buford Ellington|
|Succeeded by||Ray Blanton|
July 1, 1927 |
|Spouse(s)||Betty (Prichard) Dunn|
|Relations||Aubert C. Dunn (father)|
|Alma mater||University of Mississippi (B.B.A.)
University of Tennessee (D.D.S.)
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1944-1946|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Bryant Winfield Culberson Dunn (born July 1, 1927) is an American politician, dentist, and medical industry official, who served as Governor of Tennessee from 1971 to 1975. He was the state's first Republican governor in fifty years, and was just the sixth since the Civil War. Dunn was an unsuccessful candidate for a second term in 1986, losing to Ned McWherter. He has remained active in the Republican Party and the medical field since the end of his term as governor.
Dunn was born in Meridian, Mississippi, the son of Aubert C. Dunn, a prominent attorney and politician, and Dorothy (Crum) Dunn. In 1944, during World War II, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy, and served as a pharmacists' mate in the Asia-Pacific Theatre. He subsequently served as a reserve lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force.
Dunn graduated with a B.B.A. from the University of Mississippi in 1950. That same year, he married Betty Prichard, the daughter of a Memphis dentist. After working in the insurance industry for several years, he obtained his D.D.S. from the University of Tennessee Medical Units in Memphis in 1955. He initially practiced with his father-in-law before opening his own practice in Memphis.
Inspired by Barry Goldwater's views on conservatism, Dunn ran unsuccessfully for the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1962. He was elected Chairman of the Shelby County Republican Party, and as such campaigned for Goldwater in the 1964 presidential race. He was a delegate to the 1968 Republican National Convention, and campaigned for the eventual nominee, Richard Nixon.
In 1970, Dunn sought the Republican nomination for governor. His opponents for the nomination included Speaker of the Tennessee House William L. Jenkins, Nashville industrialist Maxey Jarman, former chair of the state party Claude K. Robertson, and the 1962 nominee, Hubert Patty. Boosted in part by a large turnout in his populous home county of Shelby, Dunn won the nomination, edging his nearest opponent, Jarman, by ten thousand votes. His opponent in the general election was John Jay Hooker, the Democratic nominee.
Prior to the 1970 election, Democrats had controlled the governor's office for 50 years, and had largely dominated state politics since the end of Reconstruction. The social policies of the presidential administrations of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, however, had alienated many Southern Democrats. Republicans began showing signs of life in the 1966 Senate race, when Republican Howard Baker, Jr., defeated charismatic governor Frank G. Clement. In 1968, Nixon won the state's electoral votes, Republicans won control of the state House of Representatives, and Republican Dan Kuykendall was elected to the 9th district congressional seat. With future federal judge Harry W. Wellford and future governor Lamar Alexander steering his campaign, Dunn defeated Hooker, 557,024 votes to 498,757, on election day.
Upon taking office, Dunn sought to unify the state, and offered state appointments to both Republicans and Democrats. Democrats, who controlled the state senate and had regained control of the state house, were initially uncooperative, with Speaker of the House James McKinney and Lieutenant-governor John S. Wilder (who was in the first term of what would become a 46-year tenure) trying at times to thwart his legislative agenda. In 1972, Ned McWherter was elected house speaker, and proved more open to cooperation with the Republican governor.
In spite of frequent Democratic opposition, Dunn managed to obtain a 0.6% increase in the state sales tax, allowing him to boost highway construction and give pay raises to state employees. He also created the Department of Economic and Community Development and the Department of General Services (to administer state purchases), and reorganized the Department of Personnel in an attempt to enhance efficiency in the hiring of state workers. Dunn supported the state's ratification of the 26th Amendment, which lowered the voting age to 18, in 1971.
In November 1973, Dunn hosted the Republican Governors Conference in Memphis, where President Nixon, beleaguered by the Watergate scandal, privately assured the governors present that no more surprises would arise from the scandal that would hurt the party. In his 2007 book, From a Standing Start, Dunn recalled being "shocked" and "disappointed" when a news broadcast on the following evening revealed there was an 18-and-half minute gap in the White House tapes.
Dunn's term ended in 1975, and at the time, the Tennessee State Constitution prevented any individual from serving two consecutive terms as governor. He returned to the private sector, working for several years as the vice president of public relations for the Nashville-based Hospital Corporation of America.
In 1986, Dunn once again ran for governor. He easily defeated Hubert Patty and Charles Vick in the Republican primary, but questions over party unity dogged his campaign. During his first term, Dunn had vetoed a bill calling for the establishment of a medical school at East Tennessee State University, reasoning that the state's three existing medical schools were adequate. Though the legislature overrode his veto, he nevertheless drew the enmity of powerful 1st district congressman Jimmy Quillen, in whose district the school was to be located, and Quillen thus withheld his endorsement in 1986. Without Quillen's endorsement, Dunn struggled in East Tennessee (normally a Republican stronghold), and was defeated in the general election by the Democratic nominee, Ned McWherter, 656,602 votes to 553,448.
After the 1986 campaign, Dunn focused on business and charitable interests. He worked as chairman of Memphis-based Medshares, and has been a member of the boards of healthcare companies Phycor and Behavioral Healthcare Corporation. He has also been active in the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway Development Authority, as well as with various charities, including the American Cancer Society, the Nashville Heart Association, and the United Way.
Dunn remains an "elder statesman" in the state Republican Party. He was chair of the state steering committee of the presidential campaign of George H. W. Bush in 1988, and was an elector for George W. Bush in 2004 and John McCain in 2008. In December 2011, he endorsed the eventual 2012 Republican presidential nominee, Mitt Romney. Romney said of Dunn: "No one is more highly regarded for his love of country and his public service."
Family and legacy
The Winfield Dunn Center, built during Dunn's tenure as governor, is home to the indoor athletic teams of Austin Peay State University. Winfield Dunn Parkway, a section of State Highway 66, connects Interstate 40 with U.S. Route 441 in Sevierville. Buildings at Tennessee Technological University and the University of Memphis have been named for Dunn.
- Dunn, Winfield. From a Standing Start: My Tennessee Political Odyssey. Magellan Press, 2007. ISBN 1928622135.
- Phillip Langsdon, Tennessee: A Political History (Franklin, Tenn.: Hillsboro Press, 2000), pp. 370-381, 396-397.
- Michael Rogers, "Winfield Dunn," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 2009. Retrieved: 30 December 2012.
- Finding Aid for the Winfield Dunn Autobiography Manuscripts, University of Tennessee Special Collections. Retrieved: 30 December 2012.
- Bill Dries, "Dunn's Book Details GOP Comeback in Tennessee," Memphis Daily News. Retrieved: 30 December 2012.
- Rodney Stanley and P. Edward French, Tennessee's John Wilder: The Longest Tenured State Legislator in Tennessee History (University Press of America, 2007), p. 105.
- Margaret Phillips, The Governors of Tennessee (Pelican Publishing, 2001), pp. 170-175.
- 2004 Certificate of Ascertainment of Electors Appointed, U.S. National Archives, NARA database. Accessed: 30 December 2012.
- Electoral College - 2008 Presidential Election, U.S. National Archives, NARA database. Accessed: 30 December 2012.
- Chas Sisk, "Mitt Romeny Picks Up Endorsements from Winfield Dunn, 13 State Reps," The Tennessean, 8 December 2011. Retrieved: 30 December 2012.
- Winfield Dunn Center, Austin Peay State University website. Retrieved: 30 December 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Winfield Dunn.|
- Governor Winfield Dunn – entry at the National Governors Association
- Governor Winfield Dunn Papers (finding aid) – Tennessee State Library and Archives
- Portrait painting of Governor Dunn – Tennessee Portrait Project
- Portrait photograph of Governor Dunn – Tennessee State Library and Archives
|Governor of Tennessee
|Party political offices|
|Republican Party nominee for Governor of Tennessee
|Republican Party nominee for Governor of Tennessee