Schooner Wyoming in 1917
|Launched:||15 December 1909|
|Fate:||Foundered on 11 March 1924|
|Tonnage:||3,730.54 gross register tons (GRT), 3,036.21 NRT|
|Displacement:||10,000 short tons (9,100 metric tons) approx.|
|Length:||450 ft (140 m) overall
350 ft (110 m) on deck
329.5 ft (100.4 m) between perpendiculars
|Beam:||50.1 ft (15.3 m)|
|Draught:||30.4 ft (9.3 m)|
|Depth of hold:||33 ft (10 m)|
|Sail plan:||six-masted schooner|
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)|
Wyoming was a wooden six-masted schooner, the largest wooden schooner ever built. She was built and completed in 1909 by the firm of Percy & Small in Bath, Maine. Wyoming was also one of the largest wooden ships ever built, 450 ft (140 m) from jib-boom tip to spanker boom tip, and the last six-masted schooner built on the east coast of the US.
Because of her extreme length and wood construction, Wyoming tended to flex in heavy seas, which would cause the long planks to twist and buckle, thereby allowing sea water to intrude into the hold (see hogging and sagging). Wyoming had to use pumps to keep her hold relatively free of water. In March 1924, she foundered in heavy seas and sank with the loss of all hands.
Wyoming was 329.5 feet (100.4 m) long and 50 ft 1 in (15.27 m) wide, with a draft of 30 ft 5 in (9.27 m). She had a volume of 373,054 cubic feet (10,563.7 m3), that is, a gross register tonnage (GRT) of 3730.54. After subtracting the volume consumed by the helm and crew quarters and other areas not suitable for cargo, she had a cargo capacity of 303,621 cubic feet (8,597.6 m3), or a net register tonnage of 3036.21. Her deadweight was 6,004 long tons, that is, the weight of the ship fully loaded, including the crew, cargo (6,000 tons), fuel, water and stores, less the weight of the ship when totally empty (4,000 tons), was 6,004 long tons. She could carry 6,000 long tons of coal. Wyoming was built of yellow pine with 6" planking and there were 90 diagonal iron cross-bracings on each side.
Wyoming was equipped with a Hyde anchor windlass and a donkey steam engine to raise and lower sails, haul lines and perform other tasks. The steam engine was not used to power the ship, but permitted her to be sailed with a smaller crew of only 11 hands. She was named for the state of Wyoming because Wyoming Governor Bryant Butler Brooks (1907–1921) was one of the investors in the ship, which cost $175,000 in 1909 dollars. Another Percy & Small-built schooner, the five-masted Governor Brooks, was named after Brooks.
- 1909 – 15 December. Launched at the Shipyard of "Percy & Small" with her masts stepped. First master: Captain Angus McLeod of Somerville, Massachusetts.
- 1909 – 21 December. Maiden voyage to Newport News, Virginia
- 1916 – In Charter of "International Paper Co."
- 1917 – April. Sold to "France & Canada Steamship Co." for about $350,000 (probably about $420,000). By 1 October 1919, she had earned more than twice that amount, and her owners chartered her to load coal at Norfolk for Genoa at $23.50 per ton.
- 1921 – Sold to Captain "A. W. Frost & Co.", Portland, Maine.
- 1924 – Left Norfolk, Virginia, under command of Captain Charles Glaesel, for St John, New Brunswick, with a cargo of coal.
- 1924 – 24 March. In order to ride out a nor'easter, she anchored off Chatham, Massachusetts, in the Nantucket Sound, together with the five-masted schooner Cora F. Cressey which had left Norfolk at the same time as Wyoming. Captain H. Publicover on the Cora F. Cressey weighed anchor at dusk and stood out to sea. Wyoming is believed to have foundered east of the Pollock Rip Lightship and the entire crew of 14 was lost.
- "Big Schooner is Launched" (pdf). The New York Times. 16 December 1909. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- "Six-mast schooner WYOMING setting sail off the mouth of the Kennebec River, 1909". Maine Memory Network. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- "Location of Wyoming Wreck". Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- "American Underwater Search and Survey finds 'Wyoming', six-masted wooden giant of the sea".
- "The Lightships of Nantucket Sound". Retrieved 2012-08-20.
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