Clavinova

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Clavinova CVP-303 Player Piano

The Clavinova is a long-running line of premium digital pianos created by the Yamaha Corporation. They are similar in styling to an acoustic piano, but with many features common to other digital pianos such as the ability to save and load songs, the availability of different voices, and, in more recent models, the ability to be connected to a computer via USB or wireless network for music production or interactive piano lesson programs.

The Clavinova is designed to compete with the Celviano, a line of flagship digital pianos manufactured by Casio.

Technical information[edit]

All current (and many past) Clavinovas (CLP and CVP-Series) feature "graded hammer" technology, a mechanical system of small metal hammers, weighted to be similar to those of a real pianoforte, which hit a digital pressure sensor that then translates into sound. This technology has contributed to the success of the Clavinova as a more affordable substitute for an acoustic piano. The 'Graded' action is intended to reproduce more accurately the varying weights of the hammers of an acoustic piano where the hammers vary in weight from the bass section to the treble. Higher-end models, such as the CVP-609, incorporate real wood keys and linear grading for added realism.

The built-in synthesizer produces the sound. Early Clavinova models used FM Synthesis. Later models use samples of real instruments which are then selected and modified by the electronics to produce the desired sound. Information comes in a MIDI or similar format either directly from the piano keyboard or from a stored source (from within the piano or via a computer or external sequencer). The synthesizer can imitate a large array of acoustic instruments, electronic instruments and other sound effects. Recent models of CVP Clavinova have hundreds of such voices. These usually include many types of pianos and organs, string, percussion, brass and woodwind instruments, as well as modern and vintage synthesizer sounds, sampled effects etc. The more recent CVP models also feature many accompaniment styles, ranging from traditional dance and classical orchestration, through to more modern club, pop, rock, big band and jazz styles.

As of August 2015, the current line of Clavinova CLP models are the CLP-500 series, and the current Clavinova CVP models are the CVP-700 series.

Graded Hammer[edit]

The various graded or progressively weighted keys are[1]

  • Graded Hammer Standard (GHS)
  • Graded Hammer (GH or sometimes GHE), somewhat heavier than GHS. GH is also closer to the weight of real piano keys.
  • Graded Hammer Three (GH3), like GH, but GH3 also swings back faster, like high quality piano keys. GH3 allows the player to feel the weight of the key when depressed a second time, even when the player has not completely released the key after the first push of the key and also performs as fast as an acoustic grand piano.
  • Graded Hammer Three X (GH3X) keyboard features an "escapement" mechanism that reproduces a slight clicking sensation near the bottom of the key travel. It has been designed in such a way that the click is discernible only on the lightest keystrokes, similar to the keyboard of a grand piano.[2]
  • Natural Wood (NW) is graded like the GH3 but also uses spruce wood to make the feel even closer to that of the acoustic grand piano.
  • Natural Wood X (NWX) provides the real wooden keys of the NW keyboard, yet also has escapement, giving even more accurate feel.
  • 88-key linear graded hammers provide 88 levels of gradation (each key has its own weight). With NWX, it has the most accurate feel of any of the Clavinovas, although also found on some NW keyboards.

Keyboard "feel" feature matrix for current models[edit]

From Yamaha Clavinova microsite.[3] From Yamaha Product Spec page.[4]

Clavinova Series/Model Graded Hammer 3 (GH3) Natural Wood Keyboard (NW) Synthetic Ivory Keytops 88-key Linear Graded Hammers Escapement Counterweighted
CLP Series
CLP-S306 yes no no no no no
CLP-S308 yes yes no no no no
CLP-320 no no no no no no
CLP-330 yes no no no no no
CLP-340 yes no no no no no
CLP-370 yes no no no no no
CLP-380 yes yes no no no no
CLP-430 yes no no no no no
CLP-440 yes no no no no no
CLP-465GP yes no no no no no
CLP-470 yes yes yes yes no no
CLP-480 yes yes yes yes no no
CLP-S406 yes no no no no no
CLP-S408 yes yes yes yes no no
CLP-525 yes no yes no no no
CLP-535 yes no yes no yes no
CLP-545 yes yes yes no yes no
CLP-565GP yes no yes no yes no
CLP-575 yes yes yes yes yes no
CLP-585 yes yes yes yes yes yes
Clavinova Series/Model Graded Hammer 3 (GH3) Natural Wood Keyboard (NW) Synthetic Ivory Keytops 88-key Linear Graded Hammers Escapement Counterweighted
CVP Series
CVP-401 no no no no no no
CVP-403 yes no no no no no
CVP-405 yes no no yes no no
CVP-407 yes yes no no no no
CVP-409 yes yes yes no no no
CVP-409GP yes yes yes no no no
CGP-1000 yes yes yes no no no
CVP-501 yes no no no no no
CVP-503 yes no no no no no
CVP-505 yes no no no no no
CVP-509 yes yes yes yes no no
CVP-601 yes no no no no no
CVP-605 yes no yes no no no
CVP-609 yes yes yes yes no no
CVP-609GP yes yes yes yes no no
CVP-701 yes no yes no yes no
CVP-705 yes yes yes no yes no
CVP-709 yes yes yes yes yes yes
CVP-709GP yes yes yes yes yes yes

Tone feature matrix for 3 past generations and current models[edit]

From Yamaha Clavinova microsite.[5] From Clavinova Spec page [6]

Clavinova Series/Model AWM Sampling CF Sampling CF-RGE Sampling CFX-RGE Sampling Half-damper Key-Off Samples String Resonance VRM iAFC Effect IAC Tri-Amped Quad-Amped
CLP Series
CLP-265GP yes no no no yes no no no no no no no
CLP-295GP yes no no no yes yes no no yes no no no
CLP-320 no 3 level no no yes no no no no no no no
CLP-330 no 3 level no no yes no no no no no no no
CLP-340 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no no no no no
CLP-370 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no no no no no
CLP-380 no 5 level no no yes yes yes no yes no yes no
CLP-S306 no 3 level no no yes no no no no no no no
CLP-S308 no 4 level no no yes no yes no no no no no
CLP-430 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-440 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-S406 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-465GP no no yes no yes yes no no no yes no no
CLP-470 no no yes no yes yes yes no yes yes no no
CLP-480 no no yes no yes yes yes no yes yes yes no
CLP-S408 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-525 no no yes no yes yes no no no yes no no
CLP-535 no no no yes yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-545 no no no yes yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-565GP no no no yes yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-575 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no no
CLP-585 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes no
Clavinova Series/Model AWM Sampling CF Sampling CF-RGE Sampling CFX-RGE Sampling Half-damper Key-Off Samples String Resonance VRM iAFC Effect IAC Tri-Amped Quad-Amped
CVP Series
CVP-401 no 3 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-403 no 3 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-405 no 3 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-407 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CVP-409 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CVP-409GP no 4 level no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CGP-1000 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CVP-501 no 3 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-503 no 4 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-505 no 4 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-509 no 5 level no no yes yes yes no no no yes no
CVP-601 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CVP-605 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CVP-609 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes yes no
CVP-609GP no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes yes no
CVP-701 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no no
CVP-705 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no no
CVP-709 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no yes
CVP-709GP no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no yes

History[edit]

From yamahapkowner.com[7] and Clavinova microsite[8]

CVP and CGP models[edit]

  • 1985: CVP-3, CVP-5, CVP-7 - First CVP series Clavinova
  • 1987: CVP-6, CVP-8, CVP-10, CVP-100MA, CVP-100PE
  • 1989: CVP-30, CVP-50, CVP-70
  • 1991: CVP-25*, CVP-35, CVP-45, CVP-55, CVP-65, CVP-75
  • 1993: CVP-83, CVP-85, CVP-87, CVP-89
  • 1995: CVP-49,[9] CVP-59, CVP-69, CVP-79 - added LCD on all models except CVP-49, and introduced LCD buttons.
  • 1997: CVP-92, CVP-94, CVP-96, CVP-98, CVP-555 - First near-current LCD, Organ Combo (predecessor to Organ Flutes! voices).
  • 1998: CVP-600
  • 1999: CVP-103, CVP-105, CVP-107, CVP-109
  • 2000: CVP-700
  • 2001: CVP-201, CVP-203, CVP-205, CVP-207, CVP-209 - Introduced most current voice technologies, added first color display, and with the current button setup.
  • 2002: CVP-900
  • 2003: CVP-202, CVP-204, CVP-206, CVP-208, CVP-210
  • 2004: CVP-301, CVP-303, CVP-305, CVP-309, CVP-307, CVP-309, CVP-309GP - All models have current non-touch display, first GH3 and NW keyboards. Added Mega Voices.
  • 2008: CGP-1000
  • 2008: CVP-401, CVP-403, CVP-405, CVP-407, CVP-409, CVP-409GP - Added Super Articulation.
  • 2009: CVP-501, CVP-503, CVP-505, CVP-509 - Introduced several new keyboard technologies, added S. Articulation 2. Added free play styles.
  • 2013: CVP-601, CVP-605, CVP-609, CVP-609GP - All models have S. Articulation and GH3, added touch screen and RGE sound engine.
  • 2015: CVP-701, CVP-705, CVP-709, CVP-709GP - All models have color displays and synthetic ivory keycaps. Added VRM sound engine and escapement.

CLP models.[edit]

History reference.[10]

  • 1983: YP-40 - first Clavinova, world's first digital piano[11]
  • 1985: CLP-20, CLP-30
  • 1986: CLP-40, CLP-45, CLP-50, CLP-55, CLP-200, CLP-300
  • 1987: CLP-100**, CLP-100MA, CLP-100PE, CLP-500
  • 1988: CLP-250, CLP-550, CLP-650
  • 1989: CLP-570, CLP-650W, CLP-670
  • 1990: CLP-260, CLP-360, CLP-560, CLP-760
  • 1992: CLP-121, CLP-122, CLP-123, CLP-124
  • 1994: CLP-152S, CLP-153S, CLP-153SG, CLP-154S, CLP-155, CLP-157
  • 1996: CLP-311, CLP-411, CLP-511, CLP-611, CLP-811, CLP-911
  • 1997: CLP-555
  • 1998: CLP-810, CLP-820, CLP-840, CLP-860, CLP-880
  • 2000: CLP-920, CLP-930, CLP-950, CLP-955, CLP-970, CLP-970A
  • 2001: CLP-910, CLP-990
  • 2002: CLP-110, CLP-120, CLP-130, CLP-150, CLP-170
  • 2003: CLP-115
  • 2005: CLP-F01
  • 2005: CLP-220, CLP-230, CLP-240, CLP-270, CLP-280, CLP-265GP, CLP-295GP
  • 2008: CLP-320, CLP-330, CLP-340, CLP-370, CLP-380, CLP-S306, CLP-S308
  • 2011: CLP-430, CLP-440, CLP-465GP, CLP-470, CLP-480, CLP-S406, CLP-S408
  • 2014: CLP-525, CLP-535, CLP-545, CLP-565GP, CLP-575, CLP-585

*Uncertain, please help the wiki by finding the truth.

**The CLP-100 was built in 1987 by Yamaha's premier engineer Yoshi Pi, two months before his death. It was later made famous by Stevie Wonder, who bought the remaining 12 pianos before they were discontinued[citation needed].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]