The Clavinova is a long-running line of digital pianos created by the Yamaha Corporation. They are similar in styling to an acoustic piano, but with many features common to other digital pianos such as the ability to save and load songs, the availability of different voices, and, in more recent models, the ability to be connected to a computer via USB or wireless network for music production or interactive piano lesson programs.
All current (and many past) Clavinovas (CLP and CVP-Series) feature "graded hammer" technology, a mechanical system of small metal hammers, weighted to be similar to those of a real pianoforte, which hit a digital pressure sensor that then translates into sound. This technology has contributed to the success of the Clavinova as a more affordable substitute for an acoustic piano. The 'Graded' action is intended to reproduce more accurately the varying weights of the hammers of an acoustic piano where the hammers vary in weight from the bass section to the treble. Higher-end models, such as the CVP-609, incorporate real wood keys and linear grading for added realism.
The built-in synthesizer produces the sound. Early Clavinova models used FM Synthesis. Later models use samples of real instruments which are then selected and modified by the electronics to produce the desired sound. Information comes in a MIDI or similar format either directly from the piano keyboard or from a stored source (from within the piano or via a computer or external sequencer). The synthesizer can imitate a large array of acoustic instruments, electronic instruments and other sound effects. Recent models of CVP Clavinova have hundreds of such voices. These usually include many types of pianos and organs, string, percussion, brass and woodwind instruments, as well as modern and vintage synthesizer sounds, sampled effects etc. The more recent CVP models also feature many accompaniment styles, ranging from traditional dance and classical orchestration, through to more modern club, pop, rock, big band and jazz styles.
As of August 2015, the current line of Clavinova CLP models are the CLP-500 series, and the current Clavinova CVP models are the CVP-700 series.
The various graded or progressively weighted keys are
- Graded Hammer Standard (GHS)
- Graded Hammer (GH or sometimes GHE), somewhat heavier than GHS. GH is also closer to the weight of real piano keys.
- Graded Hammer Three (GH3), like GH, but GH3 also swings back faster, like high quality piano keys. GH3 allows the player to feel the weight of the key when depressed a second time, even when the player has not completely released the key after the first push of the key and also performs as fast as an acoustic grand piano.
- Graded Hammer Three X (GH3X) keyboard features an "escapement" mechanism that reproduces a slight clicking sensation near the bottom of the key travel. It has been designed in such a way that the click is discernible only on the lightest keystrokes, similar to the keyboard of a grand piano.
- Natural Wood (NW) is graded like the GH3 but also uses spruce wood to make the feel even closer to that of the acoustic grand piano.
- Natural Wood X (NWX) provides the real wooden keys of the NW keyboard, yet also has escapement, giving even more accurate feel.
- 88-key linear graded hammers provide 88 levels of gradation (each key has its own weight). With NWX, it has the most accurate feel of any of the Clavinovas, although also found on some NW keyboards.
Keyboard "feel" feature matrix for current models
|Model||Graded Hammer (Non GH3)||Graded Hammer Three (GH3)||Graded Hammer Three X (GH3X)||Natural Wood Keyboard (NW)||Synthetic Ivory Keytops||88-key linear graded hammers|
Tone feature matrix for current models
|Model||CF Sampling||AWM Sampling||RGE Sampling||Half-damper effect||Key-Off Samples||Stereo Sustain Samples||String Resonance||iAFC Effects||IAC||Tri-Amped|
CVP and CGP models
- 1985: CVP-3, CVP-5, CVP-7 - First CVP series Clavinova
- 1987: CVP-6, CVP-8, CVP-10, CVP-100MA, CVP-100PE
- 1989: CVP-30, CVP-50, CVP-70
- 1991: CVP-25*, CVP-35, CVP-45, CVP-55, CVP-65, CVP-75
- 1993: CVP-83, CVP-85, CVP-87, CVP-89
- 1995: CVP-49, CVP-59, CVP-69, CVP-79 - added LCD on all models except CVP-49, and introduced LCD buttons.
- 1997: CVP-92, CVP-94, CVP-96, CVP-98, CVP-555 - First near-current LCD, Organ Combo (predecessor to Organ Flutes! voices).
- 1998: CVP-600
- 1999: CVP-103, CVP-105, CVP-107, CVP-109
- 2000: CVP-700
- 2001: CVP-201, CVP-203, CVP-205, CVP-207, CVP-209 - Introduced most current voice technologies, added first color display, and with the current button setup.
- 2002: CVP-900
- 2003: CVP-202, CVP-204, CVP-206, CVP-208, CVP-210
- 2004: CVP-301, CVP-303, CVP-305, CVP-309, CVP-307, CVP-309, CVP-309GP - All models have current non-touch display, first GH3 and NW keyboards. Added Mega Voices.
- 2008: CGP-1000
- 2008: CVP-401, CVP-403, CVP-405, CVP-407, CVP-409, CVP-409GP - Added Super Articulation.
- 2009: CVP-501, CVP-503, CVP-505, CVP-509 - Introduced several new keyboard technologies, added S. Articulation 2. Added free play styles.
- 2013: CVP-601, CVP-605, CVP-609, CVP-609GP - All models have S. Articulation and GH3, added touch screen and RGE sound engine.
- 2015: CVP-701, CVP-705, CVP-709, CVP-709GP - All models have color displays and synthetic ivory keycaps. Added VRM sound engine and escapement.
- 1983: YP-40 - first Clavinova, world's first digital piano
- 1985: CLP-20, CLP-30
- 1986: CLP-40, CLP-45, CLP-50, CLP-55, CLP-200, CLP-300
- 1987: CLP-100**, CLP-100MA, CLP-100PE, CLP-500
- 1988: CLP-250, CLP-550, CLP-650
- 1989: CLP-570, CLP-650W, CLP-670
- 1990: CLP-260, CLP-360, CLP-560, CLP-760
- 1992: CLP-121, CLP-122, CLP-123, CLP-124
- 1994: CLP-152S, CLP-153S, CLP-153SG, CLP-154S, CLP-155, CLP-157
- 1996: CLP-311, CLP-411, CLP-511, CLP-611, CLP-811, CLP-911
- 1997: CLP-555
- 1998: CLP-810, CLP-820, CLP-840, CLP-860, CLP-880
- 2000: CLP-920, CLP-930, CLP-950, CLP-955, CLP-970, CLP-970A
- 2001: CLP-910, CLP-990
- 2002: CLP-110, CLP-120, CLP-130, CLP-150, CLP-170
- 2003: CLP-115
- 2005: CLP-F01
- 2005: CLP-220, CLP-230, CLP-240, CLP-270, CLP-280, CLP-265GP, CLP-295GP
- 2008: CLP-320, CLP-330, CLP-340, CLP-370, CLP-380, CLP-S306, CLP-S308
- 2011: CLP-430, CLP-440, CLP-465GP, CLP-470, CLP-480, CLP-S406, CLP-S408
- 2014: CLP-525, CLP-535, CLP-545, CLP-575, CLP-585
*Uncertain, please help the wiki by finding the truth.
**The CLP-100 was built in 1987 by Yamaha's premier engineer Yoshi Pi, two months before his death. It was later made famous by Stevie Wonder, who bought the remaining 12 pianos before they were discontinued.
- "Yamaha FAQ". Retrieved 14 July 2012.