Yarn (package manager)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Initial release18 June 2016; 7 years ago (2016-06-18)[1]
Stable release
3.6.3[2] Edit this on Wikidata / 23 August 2023; 35 days ago (23 August 2023)
Written inTypeScript, JavaScript
TypePackage manager
Websiteyarnpkg.com Edit this at Wikidata

Yarn is one of the main JavaScript package managers,[3][4] developed in 2016 by Sebastian McKenzie of Meta (formerly Facebook) for the Node.js JavaScript runtime environment. An alternative to the npm package manager, Yarn was created as a collaboration of Facebook (now Meta), Exponent (now Expo.dev), Google, and Tilde (the company behind Ember.js) to solve consistency, security, and performance problems with large codebases.[5]


Users can write their own plugins for Yarn.


Yarn constraints allow users to enforce rules for their dependencies or manifest fields across scoped workspaces.

Offline cache[edit]

Downloaded packages are cached and stored as a single file.


Plug'n'Play allows users to run Node projects without node_modules folder, defining the way or location to resolve dependencies package files with the Plug-n-Play-control file. This feature is aimed to fix an unwell structured node_modules architecture and resulting in a faster Node.js application start-up time.


Plugins can add new resolvers, fetchers, linkers, commands, and can also register to some events or be integrated with each other, most features of Yarn are implemented through plugins, including yarn add and yarn install, which are also preinstalled plugins.


Users can define which protocol will be used to resolve certain packages, for example, the git protocol is used for downloading a public package from a Git repository, and the patch protocol is used for creating a patched copy of the original package.

Release Workflow[edit]

Release Workflow automatically upgrades relative packages among monorepos workspaces when root packages are upgraded.


Workspaces allow multiple projects to work together in the same repository and automatically apply changes to other relatives when source code is modified, allowing installation of multiple packages in a single pass by running the installation command only once.


Zero-Installs solve the needs of installation of packages when packages is required to install when the codes is just fresh fetched to local.

Comparison to npm[edit]

  • Yarn can install packages from local cache.[6]
  • Yarn binds versions of the package strongly.
  • Yarn uses checksum for ensuring data integrity, while npm uses SHA-512 to check data integrity of the packages downloaded.[7]
  • Yarn installs packages in parallel, while npm installs one package at a time.


To install yarn:

npm install -g yarn

To install a package with yarn:[8]

yarn add package-name --dev

NB: in the first versions, it was:

yarn install package-name --save-dev

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Earliest releases of yarn". GitHub. Retrieved Jun 18, 2016.
  2. ^ "Release 3.6.3". 23 August 2023. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  3. ^ "Package management basics". MDN. 2022-09-28.
  4. ^ "5 best JavaScript Package Managers". Dunebook.com. 2022-02-05.
  5. ^ "Yarn: A new package manager for JavaScript". Engineering at Meta. 2016-10-11. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  6. ^ "Package Manager – NPM and Yarn Explained with Examples". Sitepoint. 2021-09-21.
  7. ^ "How To Install and Use the Yarn Package Manager for Node.js". DigitalOcean. 2021-08-10.
  8. ^ "Yarn vs npm: Everything You Need to Know". CodeSweetly. 2023-02-04.

External links[edit]