Yadong County

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Yadong County
གྲོ་མོ་
County
Tibetan transcription(s)
 • Tibetan གྲོ་མོ་རྫོང་
 • Wylie transliteration gro mo
Chinese transcription(s)
Nathu La.jpg
Location of Yadong County within Tibet
Location of Yadong County within Tibet
Yadong County is located in Tibet
Yadong County
Yadong County
Location in Tibet
Coordinates: 27°31′9″N 88°58′12″E / 27.51917°N 88.97000°E / 27.51917; 88.97000
Country China
Province Tibet
Prefecture-level city Xigazê
Capital Lingma
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Dromo County or Chomo (Tibetan: གྲོ་མོ་རྫོང༌།Wylie: gro-mo rdzong) or Yadong County (simplified Chinese: 亚东; traditional Chinese: 亞東; pinyin: Yàdōng; Wade–Giles: Ya-tung) is a frontier county and trade-market of Tibet, situated in the mouth of the Chumbi valley near the Indian frontier. It lies in the middle part of Himalayas and the south of Tibet Autonomous Region, covering about 4,306 square kilometers with a population of 10,000.

Geography[edit]

The town of Dromo (Yadong) Coordinates: 27°29′22″N 88°54′21″E / 27.48944°N 88.90583°E / 27.48944; 88.90583 is very close to the borders of both the Indian state of Sikkim and Bhutan and has a hotel, a guest house, some government offices and army barracks.[1]

Local specialities include Dromo fish and barley wine while the main tourist sites are Donggar Monastery, Garju Monastery and Kangbu Hotspring. Yadong is connected to the Indian state of Sikkim via the Nathu La.

As part of the China Western Development strategy, the Chinese government planned to extend the Qinghai–Tibet Railway from Lhasa to Yadong near the Nathu La that marks the disputed China–India border.[2]

History[edit]

According to the Convention of Calcutta of 1890–94 signed by Great Britain and China and the market at Dromo was opened to India. At that time there was a wall-like structure across the valley's stream extending part way up each side of the valley thus blocking the road to the Tibetan capital, Lhasa. This was the demarcation line that British subjects were forbidden to cross and was manned by 20 Tibetan soldiers under a sergeant along with three Chinese officials.[3] The construction of the wall was reported to be one of the incidents that led to the British invasion of Tibet in 1904. According to the resulting Treaty of Lhasa, a British trade-agent was to be stationed at Yadong.[4]

Towns and townships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buckley,Michael and Strauss, Robert. Tibet: a travel survival kit, p. 163. (1986) Lonely Planet Publications, Victoria, Australia. ISBN 0-908086-88-1.
  2. ^ Extension plans. Retrieved June 28, 2006
  3. ^ Sandberg, Graham. An Itinerary of the Route from Sikkim to Lhasa (PDF). Calcutta: Baptist Mission Press. p. 7. 
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Yatung". Encyclopædia Britannica 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 908.