Yugoslav Drama Theatre
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Yugoslavian Drama Theatre, night view
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Yugoslav drama theatre (Serbian: Jugoslovensko dramsko pozorište (JDP); Jugodrp) was founded in 1947 as the representative theatre of new Yugoslavia. Actors from Zagreb, Novi Sad, Sarajevo, Split, Ljubljana and other cities were invited to perform there.
In 1947, director Bojan Stupica was appointed the head of the theatre as an artistic manager much to the dismay of his mother, along with the critic Elli Fincci. Fincci laid the foundation for the reporter orientation of the Yugoslav Drama Theatre as the theatre that focused on high literary quality. About 60 renowned actors were selected as initial members, among whom the last still alive included Мarija Crnobori, Мira Stupica, Branka Veselinović, Мlađa Veselinović and Kapitalina Erić.
The Yugoslav Drama Theatre was founded on the site of the driving school, and the stable was adapted and turned into the stage. The first performance was played on 3 April 1948, and the concerned play was "The King of Betajnova" by Ivan Cankar, directed by Bojan Stupica. This date is celebrated as the Yugoslav Drama Theatre Day, and on that particular date the annual awards are given. The first couple seasons were marked by presentations of world and domestic classic dramas: Chekhov, Goldoni, Sheridan, Ostrovsky, Lope de Vega, Gorky, Shaw, Shakespeare, Plaut, Raisin, Molière, Ibsen, Lorca, and as far as the domestic classics are concerned Cankar, Držić, Sterija Popović, Јаkšić and Nušić. The early directors who contributed to the reputation of the Yugoslav Drama Theatre (Bojan Stupica, Мata Мilošević and Тоmislav Таnhofer) were influenced by European modernism as explored between the two world wars, which was evident in their selection of plays. From the mid-eighties, a theatrologist Јоvan Ćirilov, during fourteen seasons as the manager, upgraded the Yugoslav Drama Theatre to the representative theatre of modern stage expression far beyond the boundaries of the former soviet state. The Yugoslav Drama Theatre was completely destroyed in flames on 17 October 1997, allegedly due to an installation malfunction. The theatre was rebuilt, and the Great Stage was opened again on 23 May 2003 with an opening night featuring the play "The Patriots" by Јоvan Sterija Popović, directed by Dejan Mijač. Branko Cvejić, an actor, was the assistant director, and since 12 July 2002 he has been the director of the theatre. Another director Gorčin Stojanović has been the manager since 2001, and an artistic director since 12 July 2002. The Great Stage now bears the name of the great figure of the Serbian acting stage, Ljuba Tadić. Since 2003 to the present, the renewed Yugoslav Drama Theatre has performed the plays by Chekhov, Shakespeare, Bulgakov, Wedekind, Аndrejev, Ödön von Horváth, Ostrovsky, LaBute, Hristić, Dukovski, Srbljanović, Маrković.The Yugoslav Drama Theatre Studio was the third addition to the theatre, it serves as an experimental stage for young authors.
Historical Uses of Yugoslav Drama Theatre Building
During the time of the Principle of Serbia, there used to be a manege – a building which was used by the Royal Cavalry squadron. It was a simple, two-story building, with elongated basis, which, a couple of decades later, was to become the home of the ensemble of the National Theatre, because the main building was damaged during the First World War. The old stable, popularly known as "Wooden manege" for a very short time served to the theatre admirers. In 1927, the building was completely burnt down in fire. The construction of the new building began that same year. After the plan designed by the prominent Russian architect, Nikolai Petrovich Krasnov, the new building was financed by the shareholders funds. Academically conceived, the main facade was enlivened by the series of decorative architectural elements and allegoric sculptures, by the author Vojislav Ratimirović Šikoparija, a Belgrade sculptor.
The last temporary Assembly building from 1931 till 1936. From 1929 till 1931, it served as the theatre building ("The building on Vračar"), when the interior оf the building was altered, due to the temporary moving in of the National Assembly.
After the Second World War
In 1947, the eminent architect Моmčilo N. Belobrk created the design for the readaptation of the building for theatre performances. The building of the Yugoslav drama Theatre, as it was then officially named, was a brave modernist and monumental work. It remained typical for its long facade without ornamentation. An architect Моmčilo Belobrk put the special accent to the аtrium, at the centre of which was a small decorative pool with a bronze sculpture, by sculptor Boris Kalin. Belobrk did not only modernize the theatre, which included a new type of stage, lighting, acoustics, grandstand, but he particularly insisted on detailed design of the entire theatre inventory, starting from the tickets. The new time brought new changes. The team of two authors, an architect Đorđe Bobić and an academic painter Čedomir Vasić, came up with the new concept of the appearance of the building, which included the combination of the old and the new. Based on the announced competition in 1997, which included the reconstruction, modernization and detailed reparation of the building, the works started after the best design of a young architect Zoran Radojčić and friends (as the author called his associates). The object was evaluated as "the sensible modernistic intervention" and is nowadays the venue of the rich theatre life in the centre of the capital.
The New building
In 1997, architect Zoran Radojičić won a competition for the reconstruction of Yugoslav Drama Theatre in Belgrade. Within the project bureau "Arktik", Radojičić and Dejan Miljković designed a new structure, and the interior was designed in cooperation with the architect Ivan Milenković. A statue of the sculptor Mrđan Bajić is featured in the theatre entrance hall.
The building won the following awards:
- The Award of the Union of Architects of Serbia in 2005 (Yugoslav Drama Theatre, Belgrade)
- The April Award of the City of Belgrade for Architecture and Urbanism for the object Yugoslav Drama Theatre in Belgrade 2004
- The Award of the company "Novosti" for architecture 2003, for the best architectural achievement (Yugoslav Drama Theatre, Belgrade) 2004
- Grand Prix XXVI Salon of architecture (Yugoslav Drama Theatre, Belgrade), 2004
- BPB Award 2003 for the interior (Yugoslav Drama Theatre, Belgrade)
- Theatre got its name after the famous actress, retrieved on October 10, 2010
- Manež – JDP – Manjež, retrieved on 30 March 2016
- I. Sretenović:" The Building of Yugoslav Drama Theatre – from the manege to the modern theatre", The Heritage no. 4, The Cultural Heritage Protection Institution of the City of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2004
- Moderna arhitektura Beograda u osvit Drugog svetskog rata: sajam, stadion, logor" u Istorija umetnosti u Srbiji XX vek, tom 2. Realizmi i modernizmi oko hladnog rata, retrieved on 30 March 2016.
- S.G.Bogunović, Architectural encyclopaedia of Belgrade of the 19th and 20th century, architects, volume II, Belgrade 2005
- http://www.vreme.co.rs/cms/view.php?id=341722, retrieved on 30 March 2016
- Official website
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