Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat in 2006
|Born||29 December 1923|
|Institutions||CNRS and others|
|Alma mater||École Normale Supérieure
|Known for||First woman to be elected to the Académie des Sciences Française|
|Notable awards||Grand Officier of the Légion d'honneur|
Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat (born 29 December 1923 in Lille) is a French mathematician and physicist. She was the first woman to be elected to the Académie des Sciences Française ("French Academy of Sciences") and is a Grand Officier of the Légion d'honneur.
Daughter of the physicist Georges Bruhat, sister of the mathematician François Bruhat, Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat received her bachelor's degree in 1941 and from 1943 to 1946 she studied at the École Normale Supérieure ("ENS") in Paris. She taught at the ENS in 1946 until 1949. From 1949 to 1951 she was a research assistant at the French National Centre for Scientific Research ("CNRS"), as a result of which she received her doctorate.
She spent 1951 and 1952 at the Institute for Advanced Study and the following year, joined the faculty at Marseilles. In 1958 she was awarded the Silver Medal of the CNRS. From 1958 to 1959 she taught at the University of Reims. In 1960 she became a professor at the Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie (UPMC) in Paris, and has remained professor or professor emeritus until her retirement in 1992.
She was elected a correspondent to the Academy of Sciences on 13 March 1978 and on 14 May 1979 became the first woman to be elected a full member. From 1980 to 1983 she was President of the Comité international de relativité générale et gravitation ("International committee on general relativity and gravitation"). In 1985 she was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat has two daughters and a son, Daniel Choquet. She is a widow; her second husband was Gustave Choquet. She was previously married to Léonce Foures, a professor of mathematics at the Marseille faculty, who had studied with Henri Cartan.
- with Cécile DeWitt-Morette, Margaret Dillard-Bleick: Analysis, manifolds and physics. Elsevier, Amsterdam 2000, ISBN 0-444-50473-7
- Distributions. Théorie et problèmes. Masson, Paris 1973.
- Géométrie différentielle et systèmes extérieures. Dunod, Paris 1968.
- Graded bundles and supermanifolds. Bibliopolis, Naples 1989.
- Problems and solutions in mathematical physics. Holden Day, San Francisco 1967.
- General Relativity and the Einstein Equations, Oxford University Press 2009
Translator's note: These are in French.
- Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- (French)Notice biographique sur le site de l'Institut des hautes études scientifiques
- Presentation on the site for the Association for Women in Mathematics
- Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics'
- "Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat", Biographies of Women Mathematicians, Agnes Scott College