The Zambian African National Congress was a political organisation dedicated to promoting the rights of black people in Northern Rhodesia. ZANC was formed in 1958, following a split from the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress. The president of ZANC was Kenneth Kaunda. In 1959 the party was banned. The following year, after his release from prison, Kaunda joined the United National Independence Party.
In 1964, after Northern Rhodesia achieved independence as Zambia, the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress renamed itself the Zambian African National Congress.