Zambian African National Congress (1958–1959)

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The Zambian African National Congress was a political party in Northern Rhodesia dedicated to promoting the rights of black people.


The ZANC was formed by Kenneth Kaunda on 24 October 1958,[1] following a split from the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress led by Harry Nkumbula, which Kaunda regarded as being too moderate.[2] However, it was banned in March the following year and Kaunda imprisoned.[2] Whilst Kaunda was in jail, the United National Independence Party was established as a successor to the ZANC; Kaunda joined the new party upon his release and was elected its president in 1960.[2]

In 1964, after Northern Rhodesia achieved independence as Zambia, the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress renamed itself the Zambian African National Congress.


  1. ^ Andrew Sardanis (2011) Africa: Another Side of the Coin: Northern Rhodesia's Final Years and Zambia's Nationhood, p62
  2. ^ a b c Anthony Appiah & Henry Louis Gates (2010) Encyclopedia of Africa, Volume 2, Oxford University Press, p636