Zambian general election, 2006

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Zambian General election, 2006
2001 ←
28 September 2006 → 2008

3,941,229 registered voters
Turnout 70.77%
  Levy Mwanawasa.jpg Michael Sata.jpg Hakainde Hichilema 2014.jpg
Nominee Levy Mwanawasa Michael Sata Hakainde Hichilema
Popular vote 1,177,846 804,748 693,772
Percentage 43.0% 29.4% 25.3%

President before election

Levy Mwanawasa

Elected President

Levy Mwanawasa

Coat of arms of Zambia.svg
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General elections were held in Zambia on 28 September 2006 to elect a President, members of the National Assembly and local government councillors. The result was a victory for the ruling Movement for Multi-Party Democracy, which won 75 of the 150 National Assembly seats and whose candidate, Levy Mwanawasa, won the presidential vote. Voter turnout was just over 70%.[1]


During the campaign, Patriotic Front leader Michael Sata was strongly critical of Chinese investment in the country and suggested that he would recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan).[2] One opinion poll in September gave Sata a considerable lead over Mwanawasa, 52% to 27%, with Hakainde Hichilema in third place at 20%, but Mwanawasa questioned these results. Another poll earlier in the month gave Mwanawasa the lead with 33% to Sata's 24%, although this marked a drop from the 45% reported for Mwanawasa by a previous poll in August, and an increase for Sata, who had been at 15%.[3]

Former president Kenneth Kaunda backed Hichilema and expressed disapproval for Sata.[4] Former president Frederick Chiluba urged people to vote for Sata.[5]

The possibility was raised that Sata could be disqualified from the election for allegingly giving a false declaration of assets in August; he had claimed that a former minister in Mwanawasa's government owed him $100,000.[6]


The winner of the election was determined in one round according to the first past the post system. Initial results from the election gave Sata the lead, but further results put Mwanawasa in first place and pushed Sata into third place.[7] Interim results released after votes from 120 of 150 constituencies were counted put Mwanawasa on just over 42% of the vote; Hakainda Hichilema had 28%; and Michael Sata had slipped to 27%. When opposition supporters heard that Sata had slipped from first to third place, riots erupted in Lusaka.[8] According to interim results Mwanawasa still held an easy lead in constituencies counted up to 16:00 on 1 October.

Late in the afternoon of 2 October, the Zambian Electoral Commission announced that Mwanawasa had officially won the election with 43% of the vote; Sata took second place with 29% and Hichilema took third place with 25%.[9] He was sworn in for another term on 3 October.[10]

The total electorate was 3,941,229 and 2,789,114 votes were cast of which 48,936 were spoilt. Voter turnout was 70.77%.

Presidential election[edit]

Candidates Party/Coalition Votes %
Levy Mwanawasa Movement for Multi-Party Democracy 1,177,846 43.0
Michael Sata Patriotic Front 804,748 29.4
Hakainde Hichilema United Democratic Alliance 693,772 25.3
Godfrey Miyanda Heritage Party 42,891 1.6
Winwright Ngondo APC 20,921 0.8
Invalid/blank votes 48,936 -
Total 2,789,114 100
Source: EISA

National Assembly elections[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Movement for Multi-Party Democracy 50.0 75
Patriotic Front 28.7 43
United Democratic Alliance 17.3 26
Independents 2.0 3
United Liberal Party 1.3 2
National Democratic Focus 0.7 1
Presidential appointees - - 8
Appointed speaker - - 1
Total 100 159
Source: EISA


External links[edit]