Zaporizke, Sofiyivka Raion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Zaporiz'ke)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Zaporiz'ke
Запорізьке
Village
Zaporiz'ke.jpg
Zaporiz'ke is located in Ukraine
Zaporiz'ke
Zaporiz'ke
Location of Zaporis'ke in Ukraine
Coordinates: 48°8′3″N 33°56′5″E / 48.13417°N 33.93472°E / 48.13417; 33.93472Coordinates: 48°8′3″N 33°56′5″E / 48.13417°N 33.93472°E / 48.13417; 33.93472
Country
Oblast
Ukraine
Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
Established 1759
Elevation 121 m (397 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 440
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Postal index 53140
Area code +380-5650

Zaporiz'ke (former Vasylivka, Engelhardt-Vasylivka) is a village in Ukraine, in Sofiyivka district of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (region). The local body is they Zaporiz'ke village council. The population is 629 residents.[1]

Village Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of September.[citation needed]

Geographical location[edit]

The village is in the south-western part of Dnipropetrovsk region, in the north of Sofiyivka area, on the Kam'yanka river. Upstream 1 km is the village Brats'ke, downstream is the village Sofiyivka. The river dries up at this point, it has several dams.

Historical information[edit]

The village is the oldest in the Sofiyivka area and was founded in 1759 as a Cossack settlement. In 1786 a German landlord Vasil Engelhardt got 6 thousand acres of land along the river Kam'yanka and founded the village. At first only 17 peasants lived there. Engelhardt' son General Vasil inherited the land and built 20 yards on the right bank of the Kam'yanka river, two mills (currently the farm). Later the village was named as Engelhardt-Vasylivka. In 1875 a church-run school was built from clay. It had three classes and children went to school only in the winter. In 1885 General Vasil built a wooden church of Transfiguration (the garage is now on that place)[1].

As of 1886 the village was the center of Engelhardt-Vasilyvka district, Verkhnodniprovsk uyezd, Yekaterinoslav Governorate and counted to 364 people, 114 farm yard, Orthodox Church. In the 1897 the number of inhabitants increased to 1,027 persons (519 males and 508 – female), 1026 of which – the Eastern Orthodox faith. In 1908 the number of inhabitants was 1399 persons (702 men and 697 women), there were 234 yards economy.

Historical names[edit]

People used to name streets and areas of the village. "Lousy (Voshiva)" – on the right side of the landlord's pond where two families began to build their houses and clang to this place like lice. On the left side of the pond, split by the dam, there were many frogs, which croaked endlessly. On this fertile ground people began to build a new street and named it "Zhabolupivkа".

The beginning of the twentieth century[edit]

Mostly villagers were landless, with no holdings. Before the Revolution of 1917 there were about 20 wealthy families in the village who owned 25 hectares of land and agricultural machinery. During lean years poor people exchanged their houses (huta) for a peck or two of grain.

In 1905 year red emissaries came to the village from Malosofiivka with the aim of distributing leaflets. They urged villagers to smash aristocratic estates. Among those who joined these calls – S. Shcherbakov, K. Kolesnik T. Dorozhon. The village head Pylypenko made a list of rebels and sent it to Sofiivka for an officer Burilov. Soon gendarmes arrived in the village. But the residents of Engelhardt-Vasylivka with spading forks in their hands surrounded the gendarmes and tore the list. Then the Police came to the aid with hundreds of Russian Cossacks. There was a tough massacre of rebellious peasants. the organizers of the rebellion were whipped with rods, Dorozhona T. and K. Kolesnik were thrown into prison.

The Soviet prewar period

In December 1917, the Council of Peasants' Deputies was elected in the village, which included I,I Garkusha, Z.T.Babenko, S.M.Kolisnyk, G.S Pylypenko and others. In early February 1918 John G. Babenko, Grigory Garkusha, Stephen N. Pylypenko, Stephen Mynovych Didushov, Gregory Pavlovich Kolesnik and Dmitri Lavrent'evich Myntus joined the Red Army.

In March 1918 German Empire troops came to the village and committed a brutal massacre of activists. Ten people were sentenced to death. During the Soviet-Ukrainian war of 1917–1921. Engelhardt-Vasylivka passed from time to time under the authority of the RIA of Ukraine headed by Nestor Makhno, the Volunteer Army of the Russian Empire and others up to the summer of 1918 when the Red detachments came to, Enhelhardt- Vasylivka and established the Soviet regime there. Harkusha Ivan Ivanovich and Demchenko Gregory Yevmenovych were elected as delegates to Katerynoslav First Ukrainian Congress (Congress of Ukrainian provincial council, as it is called), held on 21–22 May 1917 in Katerynoslav. These local delegates brought back the regulations of the Soviet regime. Soon, the Committee of poor peasants was established in the village.

The Soviet authority was set up in 1918 r.[clarification needed] Bondarenko Archip Grigorovich was chosen as the Chairman of the Village Council in 1919 r. , later it was Mikhail Efim Kolesnik (up to 1939).

In 1924, the villagers created the first TSOz (partnership for joint cultivation of land), headed by Sergey Kolesnik.

In 1925 r. the Vasylivska village was included to Sophiivka district, Kryvyi Rih okroug of the province Katerinoslav, The Vasylivska village council consisted of the villages Vasylivka, Dovhivka, May Day, isolated Spokoystviye – farmstead. At the time The Partnership "New Life", chaired by Harkusha Ivan Ivanovich, was first organized in the Sofiyivka district consisting of 12 households. It had three horses, a cook, a reaper, a thresher and 3 cows. Collectivization started, wealthy people were dekulakizated, The Soviet regime took away grain, livestock, tools. Each family paid prodnalog (food tax).

In 1930 r. the Vasylivska Village Council consisted of v. Vasylivka (the collective farm named Petrovsky) and v. Brats'ke (the collective farm named Stalin). The land was cultivated by horses and oxen, sheaves were driven on wagons, grain was threshed with Garman (hewn stone). During Holodomor 1931–1933 years the villagers for surviving had to eat mushrooms, soybean, tonkonih, press cake, to pick up spikelets, acacia blossom, horse dock, of which matorzhenyky (a kind of shortcake) were baked, zatirka (a soup with flour) was cooked. Members of collective farms were given 1 kg of flour per family a month and 1 cup of milk a day.

On the eve of the war the collective farm had six farm tractors (four – HTZ and two - CTZ) and four harvesters. A medical center was located in an ordinary village hutа (house), in which Hom'ak Vasyl Onykiyovych and Maria G. Demchenko.worked as feldshers.

The German-Soviet war[edit]

The occupation of the village started at harvest time of 1941. The Germans divided the collective farm into ten (10 families) and forced people to cultivate the land, and to clear roads in summer. Boys and girls were forcibly taken to Germany, among these Katrushenko Ganna (1926 born), Kovbasa Mykola (born in 1926), Polina Rudenko V. (born in 1924), Chorniy Vasil Kirillovich (born in 1925.) Tarasenko Sophia Danylivna (born in 1925), Kovalenko Lyudmila Antonivna (born in 1923), Dudar Anna K. (born in 1920), Gatsenko Nina Sydorivna (born in 1921), Demchenko Mykola Petrovich and others. The occupation of the village lasted for more than two years. During the liberation battles, that were a month long, the part of the main street (currently Postniy street. ) were burned (from the house № 137 to the end of the village in the direction of v.Brats'ke) . The house of Demchenko Ivan Ivanovich and Ganna Semyoniovna was a seat of a military ambulance. The hospital was located in the school building. The villagers looked after the wounded, washed their clothes, fed them.

On 28 November 1943 the soldiers of 195 (Novomoskovsk) and 353 (Dnieprodzerzinsk) rifle divisions liberated the village. Vasylivka. On the same day the Vasilevka village council recovered its activity . In 1944, Harkusha Ivan Ivanovich was elected as the head of the Vasilevka village council. In 1944 and 1945 respectively, the secretary of the village council was Shpoont Galina Safonivna. Later the heads of the village council were Kolesnik Dmitry Tihonovich and Tkach Ivan. The secretary of the village council executive committee was Andrew H. Pylypenko.

In 1945 all corpses from the graves around were placed in a mass grave that is now in front of the school building. Нundreds of soldiers, among them a woman who died during the bombing of her native village are buried there.

The Soviet post-war period[edit]

The milkmaids from Zaporiz'ke village

In 1945 year there worked a seven-year school and a two-year School of Village Youth (teachers Smiyanenko, Yastroob M.). At the village council so called "soldiers of cultural army" Smiyanenko, Artemenko, Manzyuk carried on their activity. .

In 1958, the collective farm named Stalin joined that of Petrovsky. At that time, the collective farm named Petrovsky had 2 trucks GAZ-51 (drivers Pylypenko Mykola Okafiyovych and Kolesnik Dmitri Tihonovich), 25 oxen, 100 horses (the horse team was there where is the house 145 in Postniy street now ). They took tractors from MTS. The collective farm land amounted to 3200–3500 hectares.

The villagers of Zaporiz'ke at harvest time

In the period 1954 – 1959 years the chairman of the collective farm was Barylchenko Ivan P., awarded in 1958 the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. During this time the villagers built the double and four-row cow-houses (the head of dairy farms was Dorozhon A.S), a garage, put up water pipes (before this they carried water with milkmaid's yokes from three wells). The collective farmer's working day lasted 12 hours (from 7 am to 7 pm). They worked hard on fields, farms, corn floors. In arid 1954 farmers got 200 grams of bread for 1 workday unit,[2] and in 1955 they sewed their clothes of cloak-tents. In 1956 the kolkhoz farmers passed 150 tons of apples to the State and in 1957–1958 years the collective farm named .Petrovsky was one of the best to deliver the meat (pork) to the State and already had 20 hectares of garden area. A calf-woman Nina Sydorivna Gatsenko received the "Order of Honor". She had a group of 30 calves and carried food and water for them with buckets, cleaning calves by hand. And thanks to it weight of calves reached 800–1000 grams per day.

On 1 July 1958 the Vasylivska village council was included into Sofiyivka district of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. Over the years, they built a pig farm, a poultry farm and a sheep farm. The village was spreading, the number of tractors, combine-harvesters, machinery were increasing, the heads of the collective farm replaced each other . From 1960 the chairman of the kolkhoz was Ivan Moysa, from 1967 it was Boris T. Bershadskiy, later Bilov Ivan, from 1976 Vereshchak S. In the period from 1966 to 1972 the garage housed 40 various vehicles (garage foreman Mikhail Pilipenko). in 1970 the dairy farms №2 expanded, a dairy complex was built, milking machine units were introduced. The dairy farms №2 repeatedly took prizes in the district and region (headed by Kolesnik A. for 18 years). The milkmaids Anna A. Kolesnik, Shpoont Nina G., Tarasenko Sofia Danylivna achieved yields 3000 liters per cow. In 1967 they built a new club, the dining room, the village council building, the post office. The village shop sold food and household goods (managed by Kolesnik Nadiya Okafiyovna).

In 1964 the village Vasylivka was renamed to the village Zaporiz'ke (supposedly in honor of the Zaporizhian Cossacks).

From 1982 to 1992 Yalovoy Grigory was managing the collective farm after Petrovsky, He made a great contribution to rural development. During his heading the villagers built 8 km pipeline, 18 km water pipeline, constructed 20 residential buildings, made major repairs to workshops, the kindergarten, the canteen and the rural club. They also set to work a power -driven floor and the first gas dryer in the area, storage for 3,000 tons of grain, enclosed the floor and laid asphalt in its territory, asphalted the tractor brigade, laid the tile road to the farm, purchased new harvesters "Don-1500" and trucks "Kamaz". All these works were carried out at the expense of the collective farm, which often won prizes in the area and region.

Independent Ukraine[edit]

The library in the club of Zaporiz'ke

In 1992 the first private farm (SFG) "Hosanna" was created (head V. Davydenko), and in 1993, the collective farm after Petrovsky was reorganized in KSP (Collective Agricultural Enterprise) "Zaporiz'ke" (head Yaloviy G. A), and in 2000 STOV (Agricultural LTD) "Revival" and STOV "Friendship". Other private farms started their activities in 1993 – SFG "Star" (Tarasenko I.I), SFG "Omega" (Malohatko V.I), SFG "Lydia" (Brovko V.V).

From 2006 to 2015 the chairman of the village council was Lidiya Demchenko (awarded as Honorable chairman 2015 of Dnepropetrovsk Regional Council).

Notable people[edit]

Social objects[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України". w1.c1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  2. ^ The kolkhoz workday unit is known as "an entry in the account book" and is identified in public conscience with unpaid work in kolkhozes during almost its entire existence. However, the kolkhoz workday unit should be considered from a more objective point of view as a measure of labour and an instrument of its stimulation.