From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Zappeion Hall
Ζάππειον Μέγαρο
Attica 06-13 Athens 27 Zappeion.jpg
Zappeion is located in Athens
Alternative namesZappeio
General information
StatusConference and Exhibition Center
Architectural styleNeoclassical architecture
LocationAthens, Greece
Coordinates37°58′12″N 23°44′13″E / 37.970°N 23.737°E / 37.970; 23.737
Construction started20 January 1874
Opened20 October 1888
OwnerGreek state
Design and construction
Architect(s)Theophil Hansen
Official website

The Zappeion (Greek: Ζάππειον Μέγαρο, romanizedZáppeion Mégaro, pronounced [ˈzapi.on ˈmeɣaro] (listen)) is a large, palatial building next to the National Gardens of Athens in the heart of Athens, Greece. It is generally used for meetings and ceremonies, both official and private and is one of the city's most renowned modern landmarks.

Constructing the Zappeion[edit]

In 1869, the Greek Parliament allocated 80,000 square metres (860,000 sq ft) of public land between the Palace Gardens and the ancient Temple of Olympian Zeus, and also passed a law on 30 November 1869, "for the building works of the Olympic Games", as the Zappeion was the first building to be erected specifically for the revival of the Olympic Games in the modern world.[1][2] The ancient Panathenian stadium was also refurbished as part of the works for the Olympic Games. Following some delay, on 20 January 1874, the cornerstone of the building was laid;[3] this new building would be designed by Danish architect Theophil Hansen.[3] Finally, on 20 October 1888, the Zappeion opened.[3] Unfortunately for its benefactor, Evangelis Zappas, he did not live long enough to see the Zappeion built, and his cousin Konstantinos Zappas was nominated by Evangelos Zappas to complete the building.[4] The Austrian Parliament Building was also designed by Hansen and followed the same theme in the exterior.

The Zappeion Hall seen from the south.


The Zappeion
The atrium at the Zappeion convention center

The Zappeion was used during the 1896 Summer Olympics as the main fencing hall. A decade later, at the 1906 Intercalated Games, it was used as the Olympic Village.[5] It served as the first host for the organizing committee (ATHOC) for the 2004 Games from 1998 to 1999 and served as the press center during the 2004 games.[6][7] In 1938, the Athens Radio Station, the country's first national broadcaster, began operating in the premises. The building continued to house the National Radio Foundation until the inauguration of the House of Radio in 1970.

A number of historical events have taken place at the Zappeion, including the signing of the documents formalizing Greece's accession to the European Community in May, 1979,[8] which took place in the building's marble-clad, peristyle main atrium.

The head of Evangelos Zappas is 'buried' inside a wall in the Zappeion.[9]

Current Building Uses[edit]

The Zappeion is currently being used as a Conference and Exhibition Center for both public and private purposes.

Halls and Floor Plans[edit]

The building contains about 25 distinct rooms that range in size from 97 square metres (1,044 sq ft) to 984 square metres (10,592 sq ft).

In numismatics[edit]

The Zappeion was recently selected as the main motif for high-value euro collectors' coins; the €100 Greek The Olympic Village Zappeion commemorative coin, minted in 2003 to commemorate the 2004 Summer Olympics. In the obverse of the coin, a front view of the building is depicted.


Various statues are placed in the gardens of the Zappeion area.


  1. ^ Dimitri Iatridi; Grigori Ksirogianni; Georgio Andreaki; Konstantino Zappa; Iaonni Joachimidi; Panagioti Samartzi; Georgio Tsiami (1988). Επιτροπή Ολυμπίων και Κληροδοτημάτων, Ζάππειο 1888–1988 (in Greek). Economic Ministry of the Olympic Committee and Legacy at the Zappeion Megaro.
  2. ^ David C. Young (1996). The Modern Olympics – A Struggle for Revival. The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5374-5.
  3. ^ a b c "Building the Zappeion Exhibition Hall". The Zappeion Megaron Hall of Athens. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  4. ^ "The will of Evangelis Zappas". The Zappeion Megaron Hall of Athens. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  5. ^ "The Zappeion Exhibition Hall over time". The Zappeion Megaron Hall of Athens. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  6. ^ 2004 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. pp. 116–7.
  7. ^ 2004 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. p. 20. (Listed as Zappeio). Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  8. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Greece in the EU". Archived from the original on 5 January 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  9. ^ ΜΕΓΑΡΟΝ, ΖΑΠΠΕΙΟΝ. "Ιστότοπος Ζάππειου Μέγαρου". Η διαθήκη του Ευαγγέλη Ζάππα.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°58′17″N 23°44′11″E / 37.97139°N 23.73639°E / 37.97139; 23.73639