- Zeuzera pyrina biebingeri W. & A. Speidel, 1986
- Zeuzera pyrina pyrina (Linnaeus 1761)
This species can be found primarily in Europe (excluding Ireland) but also in northern Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco) and Asia (Taiwan, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Korea, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, Syria, Turkey). It was introduced into the northeastern United States prior to 1879 and has a range extending from Maine, Pennsylvania and Texas.
These moths are associated with woodland, gardens and orchards.
Zeuzera pyrina has a wingspan of 35–60 mm. This is a highly distinctive species. The male is slightly smaller than the female. The length of the abdomen of the female is about 45–50 mm. These moths have a white head, with a black forehead and a very furry white thorax marked with six black spots. The abdomen is black, with short white hair-like scales on the posterior edge of each segment and a flat brush of scales on the apex. Forewings are whitish, long and narrow, with numerous black spots or black spots with white interior spots, arranged in rows along the veins. Hindwings are translucent, except in the anal area, with small black spots. In addition to the dimensions, the two sexes differ in the shape of the antennas, thinner in the female, while in the male they are markedly bipectinate, with the exception of terminals articles.
The moth flies from June to September depending on the location. The caterpillars are xylophagous. They feed on the wood of various deciduous trees and shrubs (see list below), feeding internally for two or three years in the stems and branches before emerging to pupate under the bark. It can be a pest of fruit production.
Recorded host plants
Recorded food plants include:
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- Catalogue of Life
- Fauna Europaea
- Yakovlev, R.V., 2011: Catalogue of the Family Cossidae of the Old World. Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 66: 1-129.
- "Zeuzera pyrina (Linnaeus, 1761". Fauna Europaea. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
- Timber Pests of PQ Significance Phytosanitary Solutions at the Wayback Machine.
- Kimber, Ian. "50.002 BF161 Leopard Moth Zeuzera pyrina (Linnaeus, 1761)". UKMoths. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
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