Type of site
Citizen science web portal
English, German, Polish
Citizen Science Alliance
Fingerprint Digital Media
Slogan(s) Real science online
www .zooniverse .org
12 December 2009
Zooniverse is a citizen science web portal owned and operated by the Citizen Science Alliance. It is home to some of the internet's largest, most popular and most successful citizen science projects. The organization grew from the original  Galaxy Zoo project and now hosts dozens of projects which allow volunteers to participate in crowdsourced scientific research. It has headquarters at Oxford University and the Adler Planetarium. Unlike many early internet-based citizen science projects (such as  SETI@home) which used spare computer processing power to analyse data, known as volunteer computing, Zooniverse projects require the active participation of human volunteers to complete research tasks. Projects have been drawn from disciplines including astronomy, ecology, cell biology, humanities, and climate science. 
As of 14 February 2014
The volunteers are often collectively referred to as "Zooites".   The data collected from the various projects has led to the publication of more than 100 scientific papers.  A daily news website called 'The Daily Zooniverse' provides information on the different projects under the Zooniverse umbrella, and has a presence on  social media.
, the Zooniverse community consisted of more than 1 million registered volunteers.
Citizen Science Alliance [ edit ]
The Zooniverse is hosted by the Citizen Science Alliance, which is governed by a board of directors from seven institutions in the
United Kingdom and the United States. The partners are the Adler Planetarium, Johns Hopkins University, University of Minnesota, National Maritime Museum, University of Nottingham, Oxford University and Vizzuality. 
Projects [ edit ]
Space projects [ edit ]
Nature & climate projects [ edit ]
Old Weather Transcription
Zooites use a special interface to digitally transcribe weather and sea ice data from the log books of United States
Arctic exploration and research ships, that were at sea between 1850 and 1950. The current data is the third phase of the project.  12 Oct 2010
Cyclone Center Decision tree
Classifying tropical cyclones by using a modified version of the
Dvorak Technique. Volunteers are shown a series of images from infrared sensors on weather satellites and asked a number of questions to identify the type and strength of the storm.   27 Sep 2012
Bat Detective Pattern matching
Monitor the status of bat populations by classifying the sounds they make for
echolocation and social purposes. The data are originally recorded using  ultrasonic microphones; calls are played back at a slower speed within the range of human hearing; data are also shown visually in the form of a spectrogram.  1 Oct 2012
Snapshot Serengeti Filtering
Classifying animals at the
Serengeti National Park in Tanzania using images gathered from 225 camera traps. The purpose is to study how species are distributed across the landscape and interact with each other.  11 Dec 2012
Notes from Nature Transcription
Transcribing museum records to obtain historical biodiversity data.
   22 Apr 2013
Plankton Portal Filtering
plankton from images gathered by the In Situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System to understand how plankton types are distributed at a variety of ocean depths. The information can be used to map oceanic carbon dioxide levels, as plankton provide a valid indicator.    27 Sep 2013
Condor Watch Annotation
Examine motion-capture images from
Pinnacles National Park in northern California. Volunteers identify California condors and mark the distance to feeding sources such as animal carcasses.  15 Apr 2014
Floating Forests Annotation
Volunteers look at satellite images to search for large masses of
giant kelp in coastal ocean environments.  8 Aug 2014
Chicago Wildlife Watch Annotation
Lincoln Park Zoo to review millions of motion sensor images to identify and study wild animals in the urban environment.   11 Sep 2014
Penguin Watch Annotation
Remote camera images of areas in the
Southern Ocean and Antarctic Peninsula are tagged for detections of penguins of various species. Scientists aim to measure changes in the timing of penguin breeding, nest survival rates, the rates of predation on penguin chicks, and determining where colonies overwinter at breeding sites.   17 Sep 2014
Chimp & See Annotation
By identifying individual
Chimpanzees from videos and highlighting examples of tool use and other behaviour patterns help scientists, from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, understand chimp culture, population size and demographics in specific regions of Africa.  22 April 2015
Orchid Observers Transcription
Photograph wild orchids throughout the summer of 2015 and/or annotate images and transcribe data from the orchid collection of the
Natural History Museum, London.  23 Apr 2015
Wildebeest Watch Filtering
Interpret the movement of
wildebeest in images from camera traps in the Serengeti National Park to help scientists better map their migration movements and to understand the collective intelligence of herds.  1 July 2015
Whales as Individuals Annotation
Mark details on photographs of whale flukes to identify individual animals and to help computers learn to do the same.
 1 July 2015
Wildcam Gorongosa Annotation
Identify animals in trail camera photographs taken in the
Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique.  1 September 2015
Fossil Finder Annotation
Document surface images from fossil bearing landscapes in the
Turkana Basin in northern Kenya to identify potential sites of fossils and stone tools for further investigation.  November 2015
Jungle Rhythms Transcription
Transcribe hand-drawn observations, made between 1937 and 1958, of life cycle events for over 2,000 trees in the tropical forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
 February 2016
Western Shield - Camera Watch Annotation
Examine camera trap images from western Australia to help the
Western Shield project manage the impact of feral foxes and cats on the regions' native wildlife. 7 April 2016
Snapshot Wisconsin (formerly, Wisconsin Wildlife Watch) Annotation
Examine camera trap images from
Wisconsin to identify animals and help scientists better understand trends in the distribution of wildlife populations in the state.  8 January 2016
Humanities projects [ edit ]
Ancient Lives Transcription
Transcribing texts in
Greek from the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. The papyri belong to the Egypt Exploration Society and their texts will eventually be published and numbered in Society's Greco-Roman Memoirs series.     26 Jul 2011
Operation War Diary Transcription
war diaries from World War I, helping historians to track troop movements, add to catalogue metadata, and delve into individual experiences of soldiers.   14 Jan 2014
Science Gossip Annotation
Classify illustrations from the pages of early science journals and periodicals digitized by the
Biodiversity Heritage Library.  2015
Emigrant City Transcription
Explore the history of
New York City by transcribing mortgage and bond ledgers of the Emigrant Savings Bank from between 1851 and 1921, held by the New York Public Library.  1 December 2015
Measuring the ANZACs Transcription
Transcribe documents to help create a comprehensive database of New Zealand war history, comprising the names, jobs, birthplaces and health at enlistment of Australian and New Zealand soldiers in the
New Zealand Army during World War One.  14 August 2015
Biology & physics projects [ edit ]
Cell Slider Annotation
Using images from
Cancer Research UK volunteers help to classify archived cancer samples.   24 Oct 2012
Worm Watch Lab Annotation
Watch videos of
nematode worms to collect genetic data that will assist medical research.  The classifications offer data to researchers on brain and gene function.  The nematode species studied is  . Caenorhabditis elegans  3 Jul 2013
Higgs Hunters Annotation
Uncover the building blocks of the universe. Help search for unknown exotic particles in the
Large Hadron Collider data.  26 Nov 2014
Retired projects [ edit ]
Galaxy Zoo Mergers Pattern matching
Compared images of galaxies discovered by the original
Galaxy Zoo to simulations to study the dynamics of interacting galaxies.     23 Nov 2009
25 Jun 2012
Galaxy Zoo Supernovae Annotation
Used data from the
Palomar Transient Factory survey to search for supernovae for quick follow-up study by telescopes around the world.    13 Aug 2009
3 Aug 2012
Ice Hunters Annotation
Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) for potential future targets for the spacecraft. Also identified New Horizons variable stars and asteroids. It made use of human review of subtracted images from various telescopes.   21 Jun 2011
Old Weather Phases One & Two Transcription
Between October 2010 and July 2012, some 16,400 volunteers transcribed the weather data from 1,090,745 pages
of the log books of World War 1 era  Royal Navy ships. The project generated 1.6 million weather observations that will be used to improve climate modelling.   12 Oct 2010
23 Jul 2012
Andromeda Project Annotation
Used images from the
Hubble Space Telescope to identify star clusters in the Andromeda Galaxy as well as background distant galaxies hidden in the star fields.   5 Dec 2012
30 Oct 2013
Moon Zoo Annotation
High-resolution images of the Moon's surface provided by the
Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter are used by volunteers to create detailed crater counts, mapping the variation in age of lunar rocks.   16 Feb 2009
Space Warps Annotation
gravitational lenses created by massive galaxies in distant space.   8 May 2013
Star Date: M83 Annotation
Described the shapes and colors of star clusters in the
Southern Pinwheel Galaxy (M83) using images from the Hubble Space Telescope.  13 Jan 2014
Whale FM Pattern matching
Categorized the sounds made by
killer whales and followed the travels of individual animals around the oceans. Volunteers heard an audio clip of the whale sounds and viewed the data as a  spectrogram. The project was run in conjunction with Scientific American.  29 Nov 2011
Seafloor Explorer Filtering
Identified species and ground cover in images of the seafloor to create a library of seafloor habitats.
The images were from a robotic camera that mapped the seafloor off the coast of the northeastern  United States.  13 Sep 2012
SETILive was a project which attempted to use humans to identify potential signals from intelligent extraterrestrial life which may be missed by computer algorithms.
The data came from radio observations by the  Allen Telescope Array of stars in the Kepler field of view.  29 Feb 2012
12 Oct 2014
References [ edit ]
^ "Projects". Citizen Science Alliance . Retrieved . 19 November 2011
^ "The Zooniverse is Go.". 12 December 2009 . Retrieved . 13 September 2014
^ "New Zooniverse projects – Bat Detective and Click to Cure". European Space Education Resource Office. 30 October 2012 . Retrieved . 8 October 2014
^ Johnson, Steve (29 January 2014). "Want to aid science? You can Zooniverse". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved . 2014-09-14
^ Krevans; Fortson & Brusuelas (4 December 2012). "Crowdsourcing ancient texts". IAS, University of Minnesota . Retrieved . 4 December 2012
^ Shannon Hall (17 February 2014). "Zooniverse Reaches One Million Volunteers". Universe Today . Retrieved . 26 November 2014
^ Croft, Ann (16 August 2007). "Galaxy Zoo - Amateurs Analysing Galaxies" . Retrieved . 13 August 2014
^ A.K. Finkbeiner (2010). A Grand and Bold Thing: An Extraordinary New Map of the Universe Ushering In A New Era of Discovery. Free Press. ISBN 1416552162.
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^ "Spiral, barred, elliptical and irregular: computers automatically classify galaxy shapes". RAS. 2 June 2010 . Retrieved . 24 August 2011
^ "Humankind sees the Sun as never before". UKSA. 7 February 2011 . Retrieved . 24 August 2011
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^ ttfnrob (7 December 2010). "Site Goes Live".
^ "NASA's Kepler Mission Announces Next Data Release to Public Archive". NASA. 12 August 2011 . Retrieved . 23 August 2011
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^ James Holloway (15 January 2013). "Scientists need you to analyise images of Mars". gizmag . Retrieved . 15 August 2013
^ Peter Rothman (16 January 2013). "Explore Mars and help planetary scientists understand Martian weather". Humanity+ . Retrieved . 15 August 2013
^ Zooniverse, The (8 January 2013). "Planet Four and Stargazing Live".
^ "Find black holes while you're on the bus". CSIRO . Retrieved . 18 February 2014
^ "Tagebücher der Wissenschaft » SciLogs - Wissenschaftsblogs". Tagebücher der Wissenschaft.
^ Press Release - Communications Office - Trinity College Dublin Archived 5 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Trinity College Dublin launches Citizen Science Project Archived 5 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Asteroid Zoo is Live! Now YOU can hunt for asteroids…".
^ Brooke Simmons (1 July 2015). "A Galaxy Walks Into A Bar...". Zooniverse . Retrieved . 6 August 2015
^ Michael Aye (29 June 2015). "Introducing Planet Four: Terrains". Zooniverse . Retrieved . 6 August 2015
^ "Zooniverse". www.zooniverse.org . Retrieved . 2017-04-18
^ Justin Gillis (2012). "Retrieving the weather of the past". New York Times . Retrieved . 5 November 2012
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^ Rennie, Jared (27 September 2012). "Welcome to Cyclone Center!".
^ Mark Kinver (Environment reporter) (3 October 2012). "Website calls for people to become 'bat detectives. BBC News '" . Retrieved . 2013-01-22
^ ProfKateJones (1 October 2012). "Welcome to Bat Detective!".
^ nels2371 (18 May 2016). "News & Events".
^ "Zooniverse" . Retrieved . 3 May 2013
^ Yang, Sarah; Media relations (May 22, 2013). "Help wanted: Public needed to uncover clues in natural history collections". Berkeley News . Retrieved . 4 June 2017
^ Hill, Andrew; Guralnick, Robert; Smith, Arfon; Sallans, Andrew; Gillespie, Rosemary; Denslow, Michael; Gross, Joyce; Murrell, Zack; Conyers, Tim; Oboyski, Peter; Ball, Joan; Thomer, Andrea; Prys-Jones, Robert; de la Torre, Javier; Kociolek, Patrick; Fortson, Lucy (20 July 2012). "The notes from nature tool for unlocking biodiversity records from museum records through citizen science". ZooKeys. 209: 219–233. PMC . 3406478 PMID 22859890. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.209.3472.
^ "Plankton Portal" . Retrieved . 25 September 2013
^ Liat Clark. "Plankton Portal uses citizen science to measure ocean health". Wired Magazine . Retrieved . 25 September 2013
^ "Plankton Portal uses crowd-sourcing to classify strange oceanic creatures".
^ ". 'Condor Watch' enlists citizen scientists to help an endangered species"
^ "Tracking Giant Kelp From Space".
^ Zooniverse, The (5 November 2014). "Urban Animals".
^ "Spy on penguin families for science - University of Oxford". www.ox.ac.uk.
^ "Spy on penguin families for science".
^ Lisa Feldkamp (23 June 2015). "You Can Help Chimps by Watching Videos". The Nature Conservancy . Retrieved . 11 August 2015
^ "Zooniverse:Orchid Observers (UK)". Scientific American . Retrieved . 13 May 2015
^ Santa Fe Institute (9 July 2015). "Call to citizen scientists to track wildebeests". Phys.org . Retrieved . 6 August 2015
^ Lisa Feldkamp (14 July 2015). "Teaching Computers to Save the Whales". The Nature Conservancy . Retrieved . 6 August 2015
^ Paola Bouley (15 September 2015). "No Lion Cub Left Behind - Wildcam Gorongosa Launches". Nationalgeographic.com . Retrieved . 17 April 2016
^ Erin Wayman (29 November 2015). "Search for fossils from the comfort of home". Science News . Retrieved . 17 April 2016
^ Larry Greenmeierl (16 February 2016). "Zooniverse:Jungle Rhythms". Scientific American . Retrieved . 17 April 2016
^ Larry Greenmeierl (12 January 2016). "Wisconsin Wildlife Watch". Scientific American . Retrieved . 17 April 2016
^ "Zooniverse". www.zooniverse.org.
^ Boyle, Alan (28 July 2011). "Help scientists decipher 'lost' gospel". MSNBC . Retrieved . 24 August 2011
^ Armchair archaeologists asked to decipher ancient papyri (Wired UK) Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
^ James Brusuelas (2016). "Engaging Greek: Ancient Lives." In: Bodard, G & Romanello, M (eds.) Digital Classics Outside the Echo-Chamber: Teaching, Knowledge Exchange & Public Engagement, Pp. 187–204. London: Ubiquity Press. doi: 10.5334/bat.k
^ "WW1 soldier diaries placed online by National Archives". 14 January 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
^ "Operation War Diary: First World War Unit Diaries go online to mark centenary - First World War Centenary". www.1914.org.
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^ Philip Sutton (4 November 2015). "Emigrant City:Two Stories". New York Public Library . Retrieved . 8 December 2015
^ "Measuring the ANZACs:Crowd-sourcing research". . 10 August 2015 University of Waikato . Retrieved . 8 December 2015
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^ "Charity creates world's first citizen science project to speed up cancer research". 5 December 2013.
^ "Zooniverse:Worm Watch Lab". Scientific American . Retrieved . 28 November 2013
^ MRC Centenary | The Worm Watch Lab
^ Soderman. "New Citizen Science Opportunity: Worm Watch Lab". NASA . Retrieved . 26 December 2014
^ Diep, Francie (3 July 2013). "HELP SCIENTISTS SOLVE MYSTERIES OF THE BRAIN BY WATCHING WORMS LAY EGGS". Popular Science . Retrieved . 26 December 2014
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^ Grossman, Lisa (17 November 2010). "Help Scientists Hunt for Exploding Stars". Wired . Retrieved . 24 August 2011
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^ Philip Brohan (2012). "One million six hundred thousand new observations". Oldweather.org . Retrieved . 5 November 2012
^ Philip (25 October 2012). "oldWeather-Arctic launch event".
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^ Gildea, Terry. "U of U Astronomers Launch The Andromeda Project".
^ Geere, Duncan (24 May 2010). "Science Crowdsourcing a map of the moon". Wired . Retrieved . 23 August 2011
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