Điện Biên Province

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For the district, see Điện Biên District.
Điện Biên Province
Tỉnh Điện Biên
Province
Mường Ảng district
Mường Ảng district
Nickname(s): Stable frontier
Location of Điên Biên within Vietnam
Location of Điên Biên within Vietnam
Coordinates: 21°23′N 103°1′E / 21.383°N 103.017°E / 21.383; 103.017Coordinates: 21°23′N 103°1′E / 21.383°N 103.017°E / 21.383; 103.017
Country  Vietnam
Region Northwest
Capital Điên Biên Phủ
Area
 • Total 9,560 km2 (3,690 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 440,800
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnicities Vietnamese/Kinh, H'Mông, Dao, Thai
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Calling code 23
ISO 3166 code VN-71
Website dienbien.gov.vn

Điện Biên (About this sound listen) is a province in the Northwest region of Vietnam. It is bordered by Lai Châu and Sơn La provinces of Vietnam to the east and south, Pu'er City, Yunnan, China, to the north, and Phongsaly Province in Laos to the west.

History[edit]

The province's name derives from Sino-Vietnamese "", meaning "stable frontier".[1] Dien Bien has various ancient monuments including the caves Thẩm Khương, as well as Thẩn Búa in Tuần Giáo.

In the 9th and 10th centuries, the Lự ở Mường Thanh people were the most developed in the area and controlled Sìn Hồ, Mường Lay, and Tuần Giáo.

In the 11th and 12th centuries, Thai people from Mường Ôm and Mường Ai occupied Mường Lò in Nghĩa Lộ and Mường Thanh in Điện Biên. They eventually gained control of the whole area between Mường Lò, Mường Lò and Mường Thanh (Điện Biên).

Administration[edit]

Điện Biên is a new province which was created by dividing the former Lai Châu Province in early 2004, both themselves were once part of the Lan Xang kingdom, then switched ownership to Vietnam during the French Colonial period. Điện Biên includes all the land to the south of the Đà River (Black River), and New Lai Châu Province includes all the land to the north of the Đà River.

Điện Biên is divided into one city (Điên Biên Phủ), one town (Mường Lay; formerly called Lai Châu), and six districts:

The capital of the province, Điên Biên Phủ, is a world-famous battlefield.

Places in Điện Biên[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Điện Biên, tìm về cội nguồn chữ nghĩa" (in Vietnamese). Baodienbienphu.info.vn. 

External links[edit]