1660 in literature
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The year 1660 in literature involved some significant events.
- January 1 - Samuel Pepys starts his diary.
- February - John Rhodes reopens the old Cockpit Theatre in London, forms a company of young actors and begins to stage plays. His production of Pericles will be the first Shakespearean performance of the Restoration era; Thomas Betterton makes his stage debut in the title rôle.
- May - The English Restoration: a host of royalist exiles return to England, Richard Baxter among them, and many panegyrics are produced to commemorate the event.
- August 21 - The newly restored King Charles II of England issues a royal grant for two theatre companies: a King's Company under his own patronage, led by Thomas Killigrew, and a Duke's Company under the patronage of his brother, the Duke of York and future King James II, led by Sir William Davenant. On November 8, the King's Company moves from the old Red Bull Theatre to the new Vere St. Theatre.
- September 5 - Roger Boyle receives the title of Earl of Orrery.
- December 8 - First actress to appear on the professional stage in England in a non-singing rôle, as Desdemona in Othello, variously considered to be Margaret Hughes, Anne Marshall or Katherine Corey.
- The Klencke Atlas is commissioned by Dutch merchants as a gift to King Charles II of England; at 1.75 m (5 ft 9in) tall it is one of the world's largest books.
- Blaise Pascal's Lettres Provinciales is burned as a heretical work on the orders of King Louis XIV of France.
- Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux - Satires
- John Dryden - Astraea Redux
- Richard Flecknoe - Heroick Portraits
- John Milton - The Ready and Easy Way to Establish a Free Commonwealth
- Thomas Plowden, S.J. (trans.) - The Learned Man Defended and Reform'd (Daniello Bartoli's L'huomo di lettere)
- Jeremy Taylor - Ductor Dubitantium, or the Rule of Conscience
- Anonymous (mis-attributed to James Shirley) - Andromana published
- Anonymous - Cromwell's Conspiracy
- Anonymous (mis-attributed to Beaumont and Fletcher) - The Faithful Friends registered
- Thomas Ford - Love's Labyrinth, or the Royal Shepherdess published
- William Lower - The Amorous Fantasm (adapted from Philippe Quinault's Le Fantôme Amoreux)
- Molière - Sganarelle, ou le Cocu imaginaire
- John Tatham - London's Glory staged at the Guildhall, July 5; The Rump published
- Rachel Jevon - Exultationis Carmen
- Robert Wild - Iter Boreale
- January - Pierre Helyot (died 1716)
- March 28 - Arnold Houbraken, writer and painter (died 1719)
- September - Daniel Defoe (died 1731)
- date unknown
- April 30 - Petrus Scriverius, Dutch scholar and writer (born 1576)
- October 6 - Paul Scarron, dramatist and novelist (born c.1610)
- December 31 - Thomas Powell, clergyman and writer (born c.1608)
- date unknown - Sir Thomas Urquhart (born 1611)