1775 English cricket season
In the 1775 English cricket season, an incident in a single wicket contest led to demands for the third stump in the wickets.
|29 May (M)||Alphabetical Match||Artillery Ground||FL18||result unknown|
|31 May (W)||Alphabetical Match||Moulsey Hurst||FL18||result unknown|
These were organised by the Duke of Dorset and the Earl of Tankerville. The first was for 100 guineas but unfortunately we know no more than that.
|14–15 June (W-Th)||Kent v Hampshire||Sevenoaks Vine||SB22||Kent won by 110 runs|
Kent 104 (T White 25, F Booker 23; T Brett 3w, W Hogsflesh 2w) & 194 (T Pattenden 72, W Brazier 31, T White 26; T Brett 2w); Hampshire 157 (J Aylward 38, E Aburrow 36, G Leer 27; E Stevens 3w) & 31 (John Small 14; E Stevens 5w, R May 3w)
A remarkable result with Kent winning by 110 runs having been 53 behind after the first innings.
Heroes for Kent were Stevens, playing as a given man, who took eight all bowled wickets (including five in the second innings); and Thomas Pattenden who scored 72 in Kent’s second innings.
|29–30 June (Th-F)||Hampshire v Kent||Broadhalfpenny Down||SB23||Hampshire won by 9 wkts|
Kent 84 & 147 (J Miller 71); Hampshire 219 (G Leer 79, T Sueter 37, T Taylor 28) & 18-1. Arthur Haygarth says he obtained the details from the Hampshire Chronicle. No bowling or fielding details are known.
The margin between the teams’ totals is 6, so Hampshire must have won with a hit for 6 when scores were level. As Richard Francis scored 10 out of 18, he must have been the not out batsman who made the winning hit.
|6–8 July (W-F)||Surrey v Hampshire||Laleham Burway||SB24||Surrey won by 69 runs|
Surrey 76 (Brett 7w) & 163 (J Minshull 445, J Miller 42, Earl of Tankerville 26; Brett 4w); Hampshire 51 & 119 (J Aylward 38, G Leer 25). Mr Haygarth says he got the details from the old printed scorebook but acknowledges that another account differs re some of the details.
Thomas Brett achieved the earliest known 10 wickets in a match, taking 11 which were bowled victims only. He had 7 in the first innings and 4 in the second, also taking a catch. His first innings haul is also the first recorded instance of a bowler taking seven in an innings. Despite his efforts, Hampshire lost by 69 runs.
|10–11 July (M-Tu)||London & Kent v Coulsdon||Artillery Ground||FL18||result unknown|
No details were reported. The combined side had 7 of London and 4 of Kent.
|13–15 July (W-F)||Hampshire v Surrey||Broadhalfpenny Down||SB25||Hampshire won by 296 runs|
Hampshire 168 (R Francis 45, John Small 38) & 357 (John Small 136, R Nyren 98, T Brett 68, W Barber 30); Surrey 151 (H Attfield 49, John Wood of Chertsey 29, W Yalden 26) & 78-3 innings forfeited (W Yalden 27, W Palmer 22*)
John Small scored 136 for Hampshire, a new record for the highest individual innings and the first definitely known century to be scored in major or top-class cricket, though Small himself may well have achieved the feat much earlier (see 1768 English cricket season).
Richard Nyren scored 98, agonisingly missing the second known top-class century by just two runs. Thomas Brett, not normally a batsman, weighed in with 68 as Hampshire totalled 357, a whopping score for the time that enabled them to win by 296 runs. Surrey forfeited the match after reaching 78-3 in their second innings.
So many centuries are scored nowadays that it is difficult to put this into context but given the view expressed earlier that the scoring potential of Georgian batsmen was about a third that of today’s batsmen, given the difference in pitch conditions, a score of 136 then must have been the equivalent of scoring 300-plus now. Certainly the frequency with which centuries were scored then is comparable with that of triple centuries now.
It was not the first century ever scored. We know that John Minshull definitely made 107 in 1769. It is probable that Small himself scored a century in 1768, but we cannot be certain as the report indicates that he made 140-plus as a match total.
When two unknown Hambledon batsmen shared a stand of 192 against Caterham in 1767, surely at least one of them (Sueter and Aburrow, according to GDC) made a personal century? There may have been earlier, unrecorded instances of the feat, even if few and far between.
One thing that is certain is that Small was a truly great batsman, capable of making large scores over a wide span of years in conditions that heavily favoured the bowlers.
The progressive value of the highest known individual innings in major matches to this point:
Looking at the list of progressive records above, it is noticeable that three of the four scores were made at Broadhalfpenny Down. This suggests it had a more level and durable surface in its pitch area than other venues of the time; or maybe the Hambledon Club took more care of it than other clubs did of their surfaces.
Although the scorecard for this game does not record any bowling details, the Surrey bowlers included Lumpy Stevens and other noted bowlers John Wood of Chertsey, Daddy White, John Edmeads and Thomas Quiddington.
|19 July (W)||Coulsdon v Sussex||Smitham Bottom||TJM||Coulsdon won|
Reported in the Sussex Weekly Advertiser on Mon 24 July and “won hollow” by Coulsdon.
|26 July (W)||Sussex v Coulsdon||Henfield Common||TJM||result unknown|
Advertised in the Sussex Weekly Advertiser on Mon 24 July. No report was found.
|31 July (M)||Hampshire v Kent||Guildford Bason||WDC||Kent won|
Kent had Lumpy Stevens and Thomas White as given men. There was a brief report in the Reading Mercury on Sat 5 August.
|28–30 August (M-W)||London, Kent & Surrey v Chertsey||Artillery Ground||FL18||Chertsey won by 157 runs|
Chertsey scored 107 & 153; the combined team replied with 55 & 48.
|7–9 September (Th-S)||Chertsey v Coulsdon||Laleham Burway||FL18||Chertsey won by 172 runs|
Chertsey 152 (W Yalden 77, Earl of Tankerville 25; J Wood 3w) & 148 (W Yalden 71, W Bartholomew 25; J Wood 3w); Coulsdon 43 (E Stevens 3w, W Bartholomew 2w) & 85 (C Phillips 31; W Bartholomew 4w, E Stevens 3w)
Chertsey and Coulsdon were both Surrey clubs but several players in both teams represented counties so this is a major match. Chertsey was, in effect, the Earl of Tankerville’s XI and their opponents in these three matches were someone else’s XI. The team names must not be taken too literally.
|21–22 September (Th-F)||Chertsey v Dartford||Laleham Burway||FL18||Chertsey won by 1 wkt|
Dartford 57 (W Bartholomew 6w, E Stevens 3w) & 97 (Goulson 24*; W Bartholomew 3w) Chertsey 74 (W Bullen 4w, J Frame 2w) & 81-9 (W Yalden 18)
As only two Dartford players, William Bullen and the veteran John Frame, are recognised, it is very doubtful if this match would be given major match status.
The two Bartholomews of Chertsey are in other scorecards referred to as Rev Bartholomew senior and Mr Bartholomew junior. It is believed and has been assumed that the junior was William Bartholomew, who also played for Surrey teams at the time, and that it is he who shared the bowling with Lumpy Stevens. The senior is believed to be Rev. Charles Bartholomew, a Chertsey Club stalwart who played occasionally in the 1770s but may have been a regular in times past.
|25–27 September (M-W)||Chertsey v London||Laleham Burway||FL18||Chertsey won by 44 runs|
Chertsey 106 ( W Yalden 27; J Wood of Seal 3w, S Colchin 2w) & 122 (J Minshull 54, T Swayne 22; J Wood of Seal 5w, W Brazier 2w); London 101 (W Brazier 31; W Bartholomew 4w, E Stevens 3w) & 83 (C Phillips 32*, W Brazier 27; E Stevens 7w)
Stevens achieved the second known instance of both 7 wickets in an innings and ten wickets in a match. Again, the figures are bowled dismissals only.
The London team contained several known players, as did Chertsey, and this is a major match.
The earliest known reference to cricket in Huntingdonshire, always a minor county, was in 1775 (see Bowen).
Mon 22 – Tues 23 May. Demands for a third stump were voiced after a single wicket match at the Artillery Ground in which Edward "Lumpy" Stevens beat John Small at least three times only for the ball to pass through the wicket, which at that time still consisted of two uprights and a crosspiece, without disturbing it. Although the petition was granted soon afterwards, research has discovered that the introduction of the third stump in practice was gradual and the two stump wicket did continue for a number of years yet.
Mon 29 May. WDC records a game at Old Field in Bray between the Maidenhead and Risborough clubs with Lumpy Stevens assisting the former. This is the first reference found that is specific to the Maidenhead (aka Old Field) Club at Old Field, Bray. This club shortly became synonymous with Berkshire as a county team. As explained earlier (see 1769 English cricket season), Berkshire was a major county in the late 18th century and its strength lay in the Old Field Club (much as Essex in the Hornchurch Club).
A game on Thurs 20 July called “London v Surrey” was played for £10 a side.
There was another Hambledon Parish v Hampshire game on Mon 4 September, this time at Kilmiston Down (see HCC).
- Rev Charles Bartholomew (Surrey)
- William Edmeads (Surrey)
- Francis aka Frances (Hampshire)
- Tom Taylor (Hampshire)
Note that many scorecards in the 18th century are unknown or have missing details and so it is impossible to provide a complete analysis of batting performances: e.g., the missing not outs prevent computation of batting averages. The "runs scored" are in fact the runs known.
|76||Duke of Dorset|
|76||Earl of Tankerville|
Note that the wickets credited to an 18th-century bowler were only those where he bowled the batsman out. The bowler was not credited with the wickets of batsmen who were caught out, even if it was "caught and bowled". In addition, the runs conceded by each bowler were not recorded so no analyses or averages can be computed.
|26||Edward "Lumpy" Stevens|
|14||John Wood of Seal|
|7||Mr Bartholomew (Chertsey)|
|4||John (Thomas) Wood|
Note that many scorecards in the 18th century are unknown or have missing details and so the totals are of the known catches and stumpings only. Stumpings were not always recorded as such and sometimes the name of the wicket-keeper was not given. Generally, a catch was given the same status as "bowled" with credit being awarded to the fielder only and not the bowler. There is never a record of "caught and bowled"the bowler would be credited with the catch, not with the wicket.
- i.e., in matches adjudged first-class by CricketArchive
- Ashley-Cooper, F. S. (1924). Hambledon Cricket Chronicle 1772–1796. Jenkins.
- Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell.
- Haygarth, Arthur (1862). Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744–1826). Lillywhite.
- Mote, Ashley (1997). The Glory Days of Cricket. Robson.
- Nyren, John (1998). Ashley Mote, ed. The Cricketers of my Time. Robson.
- Waghorn, H. T. (1906). The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press.
- Wilson, Martin (2005). An Index to Waghorn. Bodyline.
- ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS.
- Altham, H. S. (1962). A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914). George Allen & Unwin.
- Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. Aurum.
- Bowen, Rowland (1970). Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development. Eyre & Spottiswoode.
- Buckley, G. B. (1937). Fresh Light on pre-Victorian Cricket. Cotterell.
- McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society.
- Major, John (2007). More Than A Game. HarperCollins.
- Underdown, David (2000). Start of Play. Allen Lane.
- Classification of cricket matches from 1697 to 1825
- CricketArchive – 1775 first-class matches list
- CricketArchive – 1775 other matches list
- From Lads to Lord's; The History of Cricket: 1300 – 1787