1860s

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 18th century19th century20th century
Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s1860s1870s 1880s 1890s
Years: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
Categories: BirthsDeathsArchitecture
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

The 1860s were an extremely turbulent decade with numerous cultural, social, and political upheavals in Europe and America. Revolutions were prevalent in Germany and the Ottoman Empire. The abolition of slavery in America led to the breakdown of the Atlantic Slave Trade, which was already suffering from the abolition of slavery in most of Europe in the late 1820s and ’30s. In America, civil war between the Confederacy of the South and the Northern states led to massive deaths and the destruction of cities such as Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, Richmond, Virginia and Atlanta, Georgia. Sherman's march to the sea was one of the first times America experienced total war, and advancements in military technology, such as iron and steel warships, and the development and initial deployment of early machine guns added to the destruction. After the Civil War, turmoil continued in Reconstruction, with the rise of white supremacist organizations like the Ku Klux Klan and the issue of granting Civil Rights to freed blacks. These controversies would last for almost a century and their reverberations are still felt to the modern day.

Politics and wars[edit]

Wars[edit]

Internal conflicts[edit]

Prominent political events[edit]

Assassinations[edit]

The assassination of Abraham Lincoln. From left to right: Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln and John Wilkes Booth

Science and Technology[edit]

Establishments[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Religion[edit]

Literature and Arts[edit]

Sports[edit]

Fashion[edit]

Main article: 1860s in fashion
  • The Victorian era and its culture largely thrived from 1860 until 1901.
  • The culture of the Victorian era comes to America and remains in place until around the turn of the 20th century, where the year it ends is disputed as to whether it ended with the rise of progressivism in 1896 or with the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.

Miscellaneous trends[edit]

People[edit]

World leaders[edit]

Politics[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American Civil War". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 4 May 2014.