1931 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1931.

Arthropods[edit]

Insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Stylotermes washingtonensis[2]

sp. nov

Synonym

Snyder

Miocene

Latah Formation

 USA

A Stylotermitid termite. synonym of Parastylotermes washingtonensis

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named pseudosuchians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
"Brasileosaurus"[3] nomen dubium

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

Adamantina Formation

 Brazil

A notosuchid

Dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Carcharodontosaurus[5] Valid taxon
  • Stromer

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Kem Kem Formation
Echkar Formation
Bahariya Formation

 Egypt
 Morocco
 Niger

A carcharodontosaurid.

Embasaurus[6]
  • Riabinin

Early Cretaceous Berriasian

Unnamed unit (aka Neocomian sands)

 Kazakhstan

An indeterminate tetanuran.

Orthogoniosaurus[7] Nomen dubium.
  • Das-Gupta

Late Cretaceous

 India

An indeterminate theropod.

"Tetragonosaurus"[8] Nomen rejectum that was discarded in favor of the name Procheneosaurus
  • Parks

Late Cretaceous (middle-late Campanian)

Dinosaur Park Formation

 Canada

A junior synonym of Lambeosaurus.

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cerataelurus

Valid

Ericiolacerta

Valid

Euchambersia

Valid

Ictidostoma

Valid

Ictidosuchoides

Valid

Keratocephalus

Valid

Lycideops

Valid

Megacyclops

Valid[dubious ]

Neomegacyclops

Valid

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Emerson, A.E. (1971). "Tertiary fossil species of the Rhinotermitidae (Isoptera), phylogeny of genera, and reciprocal phylogeny of associated Flagellata (Protozoa) and the Staphylinidae (Coleoptera)". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 146 (3): 243–304. 
  3. ^ Huene, F. 1931. Die fossilien Faehrten in Rhaet von Ischigualasto in Nordwest Argentinien. Paleob. 4 (2) Viena.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Stromer, E. 1931. Vertebrate animal remainders of the Baharije stage (lowest Cenoman). 10. A skeleton remainder of Carcharodontosaurus Nov. towards. Abh. Bavarian Akad. Wissensch. Math. natutwiss. Abbott. 9: pp. 1 23.
  6. ^ Riabinin, A.N. 1931. Two dinosaurian vertebrae from the Lower Cretaceous of Transcaspian Steppes. Zapiski Russkogo Min. Obshchestva (ser. 2) 60: pp. 110-113.
  7. ^ Dasgupta, H.C. 1931. On a new theropod dinosaur (Orthogoniosaurus matleyi, n. gen. et. n. sp.) from the Lameta beds of Jubbulpore. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal. 26: pp. 367-369.
  8. ^ Parks, W.A. 1931. A new genus and two new species of trachodont dinosaurs from the Belly River Formation of Alberta. Univ. Toronto Stud. (Geol. Ser.) 31: pp. 1-11.