2009 World Aquatics Championships

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13th FINA World Championships
Host city Italy Rome, Italy
Date(s) 17 July-2 August 2009
Venue(s) Foro Italico
Nations participating 185
Athletes participating 2556
2009 FINA
World Championships

Italy Rome, Italy
Diving
Individual
1 m men women
3 m men women
10 m men women
Synchronised
3 m men women
10 m men women
Open water swimming
5 km men women
10 km men women
25 km men women
Swimming
Freestyle
50 m men women
100 m men women
200 m men women
400 m men women
800 m men women
1500 m men women
Backstroke
50 m men women
100 m men women
200 m men women
Breaststroke
50 m men women
100 m men women
200 m men women
Butterfly
50 m men women
100 m men women
200 m men women
Individual medley
200 m men women
400 m men women
Freestyle relay
4×100 m men women
4×200 m men women
Medley relay
4×100 m men women
Synchronised swimming
Solo Technical Free
Duet Technical Free
Team Technical Free
Combination
Water polo

The 2009 World Aquatics Championships or the XIII FINA World Championships were held in Rome, Italy from July 17 to August 2, 2009. The 2009 Championships featured competition in all 5 aquatics disciplines: diving, swimming, open water swimming, synchronized swimming and water polo.

Rome won the right to stage the event on July 16, 2005 in Montreal, Canada. Rome defeated rival bids from Athens (Greece), Moscow (Russia) and Yokohama (Japan).

A record 2556 athletes from 185 countries participated.[1]

FINA's decision to allow the use of polyurethane suits caused these Championships to be dubbed the "Plastic Games".[2][3]

Venues[edit]

Medal table[edit]

      Host nation

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 11 11 7 29
2  China 11 7 11 29
3  Russia 8 8 4 20
4  Germany 7 4 1 12
5  Australia 4 5 10 19
6  Great Britain 4 3 2 9
7  Italy 4 1 5 10
8  Serbia 3 1 0 4
9  Hungary 2 1 3 6
10  Brazil 2 1 1 4
11  South Africa 2 0 3 5
12  Spain 1 7 3 11
13  Japan 1 2 1 4
14  Tunisia 1 2 0 3
15  Denmark 1 1 0 2
15  Sweden 1 1 0 2
15  Zimbabwe 1 1 0 2
18  Netherlands 1 0 1 2
19  Mexico 1 0 0 1
20  Canada 0 4 5 9
21  France 0 3 3 6
22  Greece 0 1 0 1
22  Poland 0 1 0 1
24  Austria 0 0 1 1
24  Croatia 0 0 1 1
24  Cuba 0 0 1 1
24  Lithuania 0 0 1 1
24  Malaysia 0 0 1 1
24  Norway 0 0 1 1
24  Romania 0 0 1 1
Total 65 65 67 197

Schedule[edit]

 ●  Opening ceremony     Events  ●  Final events  ●  Closing ceremony
July/August 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 01 02 T
Ceremonies
Swimming 4 4 5 4 5 5 6 7 40
Open water swimming 2 2 2 6
Diving 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 10
Water polo 1 1 2
Synchronised swimming 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Finals 1 2 3 1 5 3 2 2 4 4 4 5 4 5 6 7 7 65

FINA Congress 2009[edit]

As is customary with the World Championships, FINA held its biennial General Congress in Rome during the event, on July 24, 2009 beginning at 9:00 a.m.[4] At this meeting, the 22-member FINA Bureau (the executive board of the IF) was for its 2009-2013 term. Per FINA rules, the Bureau then elected the Executive officers from its members (i.e. President, Treasurer and Secretary).[5]

In addition to the General Congress, Technical Congresses (TCs), or discipline-specific meetings, will be in each present discipline, as well as an Extraordinary Congress on Masters Rules. Dates for these meetings are:[4]

  • July 15: Diving TC, Open Water TC
  • July 16: Synchronized Swimming TC, Water Polo TC
  • July 23: Swimming TC, Masters EC.

Note: The Technical Congresses were scheduled to be held prior to both the start of competition within the given disciple and before the General Congress. Also note: only swimming does not have competition on the date of the General Congress.

Swimsuit controversy[edit]

In March 2009,[6] based on urgings from its membership, FINA had begun an attempt to implement limits to high-tech swimsuit construction that were seen by members of the swimming community as adding buoyancy, stability, speed and endurance. These efforts began after suit introductions in early 2008, and led to a May 2009 declaration by FINA on limitations to suits and a list of approved suits for competition.[7] Following this, suit manufactures were given time to adjust their various products which had not been initially approved. In June 2009, FINA ruled on these, and subsequently was forced into backing off the suit restrictions it had named in March[8] presumably on fear of suit (although FINA still was sued by some manufacturers, such as TYR). The net effect was that leading into the 2009 World Championships, most restrictions on suit make-up were not in force. This situation also led to rule changes being passed by both FINA's Technical Swimming Committee (on July 23) and the General Congress (July 24)[9] placing restrictions on suits. However, these rule changes will not go into effect until 2010, and there had been some attempts to delay this implementation (the impression from the General Congress was that the rules would be in effect on January 1, 2010; however, the FINA Executive Director was quoted a few days later as say the date within 2010 was unclear and may mean April or May).[10] Subsequently on July 31, 2009, the FINA Bureau (the Board of the organization), solidified the implementation date as January 1, 2010.[11]

As a result, and the believed benefit from the suits, some were calling these Worlds the "Plastic Games".[2][3] These materials, which include polyurethane, have been claimed by some quarters to be performance enhancing. This claim can be seen to be supported by the 43 World Records set in this meet[12] and by the fact that meet records were lowered in 38 of 40 events, with the 2 events not with new meet records occurring on the last day (in the previous 2 Worlds, "Championships Records" were bettered in 24 (2007) and 19 (2003) events). In particular, the Arena X-Glide swimsuit, worn by German Paul Biedermann, has been largely pointed to as providing Biedermann a significant advantage and allowing him to break Ian Thorpe's 400m world record as well as in defeating Michael Phelps in the 200m freestyle. Michael Phelps' coach, Bob Bowman, pointed out, "It took me five years to get Michael from 1:46 to 1:42 and this guy has done it in 11 months. That's an amazing training performance. I'd like to know how to do that."[13] Last year, Biederman was only ranked 9th in the world in the 200 m freestyle and 21st in the world in the 400 m freestyle.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ PR52 - 13th FINA WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS - Record of participation in Rome (ITA) from the FINA website (www.fina.org); retrieved 2009-07-13. Archived 2009-09-08.
  2. ^ a b Amy Shipley (August 3, 2009). "More Questions Than Answers at Swimming World Championships". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2009-09-08. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  3. ^ a b KAREN CROUSE (August 3, 2009). "Redefining Fast at the ‘Plastic Games’". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b FINA Calendar: July 2009 j, from the FINA website (www.fina.org) retrieved 2009-07-06.
  5. ^ FINA Bureau page from the FINA website (www.fina.org); retrieved 2009-07-06.
  6. ^ PR21 - FINA Bureau Meeting published by FINA on 2009-03-14; retrieved 2009-08-12. Archived 2009-09-08.
  7. ^ PR37 - FINA Commission for Swimwear Approval published by FINA on 2009-05-18; retrieved 2009-08-12.
  8. ^ PR46 - FINA Executive Meeting / Swimsuits published by FINA on 2009-06-22; retrieved 2009-08-12.
  9. ^ FINA General Congress report issued by FINA, on 2009-07-24; retrieved 2009-08-12. Archived 2009-09-08.
  10. ^ Shipley, Amy (2009-07-29). "FINA Says Suit Ban Could Be Delayed". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  11. ^ PR59 - FINA BUREAU MEETING (FINA Press Release 2009-59), published by FINA on 2009-07-31, retrieved 2009-08-12.
  12. ^ "Swimming's fabric unravels with suit farce". 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2009-08-12. [dead link]
  13. ^ Nicole Jeffery (July 30, 2009). "Michael Phelps boycott threat over suit war". The Australian. Retrieved August 5, 2009. [dead link]
Preceded by
2007 FINA World Championships
(Melbourne, Australia)
2009 FINA World Championships
(Rome, Italy)
Succeeded by
2011 FINA World Championships
(Shanghai, China)