AMSAT-OSCAR 7

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AMSAT-OSCAR 7
COSPAR ID 1974-089B
SATCAT № 7530
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass 28.8 kilograms (63 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 15 November 1974 (1974-11-15)
Rocket Delta 2310
Launch site Vandenberg SLC-2W
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Inclination 101.59 degrees

AO-7 (aka AMSAT-OSCAR 7) is the second AMSAT-NA constructed and Phase 2 amateur radio satellite launched into Low Earth Orbit on 15 November 1974. It remained operational until a battery failure in 1981. On 21 June 2002 the satellite was heard again on its 2 meter beacon (145.9775 MHz CW) after 21 years of silence, and 27 years in space.[1]

AMSAT reported AO-7 still semi-operational on 6 April 2006, with reliable power only from its solar panels; the report stated the cause of the outage was a short circuit in a battery and the restoration of service was due to its becoming an open circuit. The satellite eclipses on every orbit during the northern summer and autumn; the rest of the year it is in continuous sunlight and alternates between transmission modes A and B.[2]

Firsts[edit]

AO-7 demonstrated several uses of new technologies and operations [3]

  • First satellite-to-satellite relay, through AO-6.[4]
  • Early demonstrations of low-budget medical data relay and Doppler location of ground transmitters for search-and-rescue operations were carried out using this satellite.
  • The Mode-B transponder was the first using "HELAPS" (High Efficient Linear Amplification by Parametric Synthesis) technology developed by Dr. Karl Meinzer as part of his Ph.D.
  • First to fly a Battery Charge Regulator (BCR).

Legal issues[edit]

The uplink frequency predates the WARC 1979 allocation of 435-438 MHz by the ITU for the Amateur Satellite Service which places the uplink in the 70cm weak signal segment. Additionally, the IARU bandplan has the 432.1 MHz range (which is used for mode B uplink) marked for "weak signal" in all three Regions. Accessing the Mode B uplink is permitted in the United States under a waiver from the FCC [5]

Current status[edit]

As of November 2012, contacts with AO-7 are reported daily.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ARRLWeb: It's Aliiiiive! AMSAT-OSCAR 7 Satellite Returns from the Dead". American Radio Relay League. 24 June 2006. Archived from the original on 4 November 2005. Retrieved 26 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "AMSAT - Satellite Detail - AMSAT-OSCAR 7". AMSAT. 6 April 2006. Retrieved 1 March 2008. 
  3. ^ "AMSAT-OSCAR 7 Satellite Summary". AMSAT. 31 May 2003. Archived from the original on 21 December 2009. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  4. ^ Klein, Perry (October 1975). "Intersatellite communication using the AMSAT-OSCAR 6 and AMSAT-OSCAR 7 radio amateur satellites". IEEE. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  5. ^ http://ww2.amsat.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/FCC_AO7_waiver-19740419.jpg
  6. ^ Carr, David; Bruninga, Bob (12 November 2012). "OSCAR Satellite Status page by KD5QGR". Retrieved 12 November 2012.