|This article is outdated. (August 2009)|
|Founder(s)||Lars Johan Hierta|
|Founded||6 December 1830|
|Headquarters||Västra Järnvägsgatan 21,
History and profile
Aftonbladet was founded by Lars Johan Hierta in 1830 during the modernization of Sweden. 'The paper is owned by the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO) and Norwegian media group Schibsted, and its editorial page describes it as an "independent social-democratic newspaper".
The paper reported news and also criticised the new Swedish king Charles XIV John. The king stopped Aftonbladet from being printed and banned it. This was answered by starting the new newspaper "Det andra Aftonbladet" (The second Aftonbladet), which was subsequently banned, followed by new versions named in similar fashion until the newspaper had been renamed 26 times, after which it was allowed by the king.
During its existence, Aftonbladet has leant in different political directions. Initially liberal, it drifted towards conservatism under Harald Sohlman, editor in chief from 1890 to 1921. During World War I, a majority holding was sold to the German government in a secret arrangement.
In 1929 the newspaper came under the control of the Kreuger family, when a majority of the shares was bought by Swedish Match, at that time the heart of Ivar Kreuger's corporate empire. Aftonbladet was labeled "neutral". In 1932 it backed Per Albin Hansson's new Social Democratic government. Just a few years later it realigned with the Liberal Party and turned to advocate liberal politics. Heavily influenced by pro-German staff members, the newspaper supported Germany during World War II.
The Kreuger era came to an end on 8 October 1956. Despite interest from both the Liberal Party and the Centre Party, Torsten Kreuger sold Aftonbladet to the Swedish Trade Union Confederation. The ownership change was first followed by a slight drop in circulation. In the 1960s, however, the newspaper saw its circulation surge rapidly, peaking at 507,000.
By the early 1990s Aftonbladet had run into economic problems, and many had begun to question the competence of the trade union movement as a media owner. On 2 May 1996, the Norwegian media group Schibsted acquired a 49.9 percent stake in the newspaper. The Swedish Trade Union Confederation kept the remaining 50.1 percent of its shares. The same year, its circulation passed that of long-time tabloid rival Expressen. As per 15 June 2009, Schibsted bought another 41% and is now the majority owner with 91%.
As of 2004 the paper was the most selling daily both in Sweden and in other Nordic countries, having a circulation of 422,000 copies. It was 429,000 copies in weekdays in 2005. In 2006 the paper had 1,425,000 daily readers (Orvesto research 2005:2), circa 15% of the Swedish population. The paper had a circulation of 310,900 copies in 2010.
Aftonbladet adopted Internet publishing early on. It has been published on the world wide web since 25 August 1994, and the main news service is free. Since its inception, aftonbladet.se has consistently been rated as one of the five most visited Swedish websites in various surveys.
The journalistic quality of Aftonbladet has sometimes been questioned. In late 2006, the newspaper's own journalist Peter Kadhammar directed criticism at the fact that his own paper appears to treat the love life of Swedish tabloid celebrity Linda Rosing as equally important to the war in Iraq.
The Swedish film director Ingmar Bergman claimed that Aftonbladet was the main media force behind echoing his alleged financial misdeeds, which finally led to Bergman's self-imposed exile to Munich in the 1970s. In his memoir book Laterna Magica, Bergman called Aftonbladet a rubbish yellow paper which had deliberately aimed to tarnish his reputation.
Controversy surrounding coverage of Israel
Many newspapers in Sweden, besides Aftonbladet, have a critical eye towards Israel. However, some commentators have argued that Aftonbladet in doing this, too often contain content that alludes to antisemitism. Per Ahlmark, former Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden and founder of the Swedish Committee Against Antisemitism, writes in his 2004 book Det är demokratin, dumbom! ("It's the Democracy, Stupid!"): "Aftonbladet is of course worst among the big newspapers when it comes to both playing on antisemitic strings and then denying that they have done so".
Much of these criticism was rehashed in 2009 when Aftonbladet ran an article alleging that in 1992 the Israeli Defense Force took organs from Palestinians who died in Israeli custody. Jonathan Leman and Charlotte Wiberg from the Swedish Committee Against Antisemitism acknowledges that while Aftonbladet stay just clear of being antisemitic, the op-ed fell into a long-established and problematic pattern of publishing content that is awfully close to outright antisemitism in a way that few other newspapers in Sweden does.
The article on organ plundering caused a row in Israel and criticism from a wide spectrum of opposing Swedish media. The former as the article was considered to be full of vile lies, a modern incarnation of the Blood libel, and the latter as the article's allegations was based on hearsay, thus unsubstantiated and in violation with journalistic standards. The Israeli government called for a condemnation of the article, but citing freedom of the press the Swedish government refused causing a diplomatic row between Sweden and Israel. Later in 2009, Israeli media published an interview with Yehuda Hiss, chief pathologist at Abu Kabir Institute of Forensic Medicine, where he confirmed that tissues had been taken from corpses without permission until the late 1990s. Although mainly came from deceased Israelis, some came from Palestinians and foreign workers.
- "The press in Sweden". BBC News. 2004. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- Aftonbladet blev starten för den fria pressen i Sverige Aftonbladet, Retrieved 11 July 2007'.
- Hierta, the founder of Aftonbladet, created the free press in Sweden Aftonbladet, Retrieved 24 August 2009
- "Swedish mass media". Swedish Institute. 2006. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Aftonbladet". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- Aftonbladet: "Rosing, Rosing, Rosing... help!"
- Wolodarski, Peter (2 April 2002). "Den farligaste av lögner" [The most dangerous av lies]. Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 24 August 2009.
- Ahlmark, Per (2004). Det är demokratin, dumbom! [It's the Democracy, Stupid!]. Timbro (in Swedish) (Stockholm). p. 80. ISBN 91-7566-548-4. "Aftonbladet är naturligtvis värst av de stora tidningarna när det gäller att både spela på antisemitiska strängar och sen förneka att man gjort så."
- Bachner, Henrik (1999). Återkomsten : antisemitism i Sverige efter 1945 [The Revival: Antisemitism in Sweden since 1945]. Natur och kultur (in Swedish) (Stockholm). ISBN 91-27-07641-5.
- Judisk Krönika. 2006.
- Aftonbladet: "Our sons are plundered of their organs"
- Wiberg, Charlotte; Leman, Jonathan (23 August 2009). "Aftonbladet har sedan länge ett problematiskt förhållande till judar" [Aftonbladet has for long had a problematic relationship to Jews]. Newsmill (in Swedish). Retrieved 24 August 2009. "Är Aftonbladet en antisemitisk tidning? Nej, men det verkar som att man sedan 1980-talet ibland gör sig både blind och döv inför antisemitismens uttryck, vilket medför att man då och då slirar på ett sätt som få andra tidningar. Publiceringen av Boströms artikel tycks tyvärr inte ha varit ett olycksfall i arbetet, utan går att som ett led i ett större mönster."