|Type||Publicly traded Aktiebolag|
|Traded as||OMX: SWMA|
|Industry||Personal & household goods|
|Fate||Svenska Tändsticks AB
|Key people||Conny Karlsson (Board chairman), Lars Dahlgren (President and CEO)|
|Revenue||SEK 12.610 billion (2013)|
|Operating income||SEK 3.855 billion (2013)|
|Net income||SEK 2.711 billion (2013)|
|Total assets||SEK 14.881 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||(SEK 785 million) (2013)|
Swedish Match is a Swedish company based in Stockholm that makes snus, moist snuff, and chewing tobacco (with its Red Man brand). These products are known as moist smokeless tobacco. The company also makes machine-made cigars, matches and lighters.
Swedish Match operates in nine countries and has approximately 4,382 employees. The products are sold in more than 100 countries worldwide. Swedish Match shares have been listed at the NASDAQ OMX Stockholm, large cap segment, since 1996 with the ticker symbol SWMA. It is also traded on BATS Chi-X. In 2013, the group had total sales of 12,610 MSEK and an operating profit from product areas of 3,375 MSEK. In 2013, snus and moist snuff accounted for 39 percent of sales and 63 percent of Swedish Match’s operating profit.
- 1 History
- 2 Operations
- 3 Market
- 4 International Expansion
- 5 Key people
- 6 Ownership
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The operations of Swedish Match originate from two companies: Svenska Tobaksmonopolet, a tobacco monopoly owned by the Swedish state and founded in 1915, and Svenska Tändsticks Aktiebolaget (STAB), a match manufacturing company founded in 1917 by Ivar Kreuger (also known as the ”Match King”) in connection with the acquisition of Jönköpings Tändsticksfabrik. In 1992, the tobacco and lights operations were joined in the Procordia Group. Two years later, they were merged into an independent company named Swedish Match, which became publicly listed in 1996.
Svenska Tändsticks AB (STAB)
In 1917, Ivar Kreuger founded Svenska Tändsticks Aktiebolaget (STAB) in Jönköping (also known as "City of the matches"). It was a merger between Aktiebolaget Förenade Tändsticksfabriker and Jönköpings & Vulcans Tändsticksfabriksaktiebolag. A year later, STAB was listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange. By expanding through acquisition of government-created monopolies by lending money to the governments, and through mergers with for instance the British match company Bryant and May in 1927, it became the world's largest match manufacturer. In 1930, the company controlled 60 percent of the world’s match production and was the sole owner of match companies in 33 countries.
Following the death of Ivar Kreuger in 1932, the ownership structure in STAB changed and a number of factories were liquidated. During 1938, STAB’s share of the world’s matchmaking fell to 20 percent. When the match market declined sharply in the 1950s, STAB looked for new business ventures and acquired more than 50 companies between 1968 and 1976.
In 1980, Svenska Tändsticks AB changed its name to Swedish Match to create unity throughout the group. In 1988 the company was acquired by Stora AB and was sold two years later to Nederlight. After another two years, Procordia acquired Swedish Match.
AB Svenska Tobaksmonopolet
In 1915, the Swedish government founded AB Svenska Tobaksmonopolet and nationalized all Swedish tobacco production plants. The monopoly was introduced in order to give the government funds to finance the country’s military defense and a new national pension system.
During the 1960s, the monopoly on production, import and sale of tobacco was abolished in Sweden. Svenska Tobaksmonopolet was converted to a new state-owned company named Svenska Tobaks AB. In 1971, the ownership of the tobacco group was transferred to Statsföretag AB, a state-owned conglomerate, which in 1984 was renamed Procordia.
As a result of the monopoly being abolished and in order to broaden the market, the Dutch cigar company Elisabeth Bas/La Paz (EBAS), the American tobacco manufacturer Pinkerton Tobacco Company (maker of Red Man, a chewing tobacco brand introduced in the US in 1904) and the Dutch cigar producer Willem II were acquired between 1968 and 1989.
In 1989, Procodia was listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange. Volvo acquired part of Procordia in 1990 and became the principal owner together with the Swedish government. To complement the tobacco business, Procordia, in 1992, acquired the match and lighter company Swedish Match from Nederlight.
Swedish Match AB
In 1992, the listed company Procordia acquired the match and lighter business named Swedish Match. The operations of Swedish Match were integrated with Procordia United Brands, one of Procordia’s business operations, and was renamed Swedish Match to take advantage of international name recognition. In 1994, Swedish Match functioned as an independent company and was later, in 1996, listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange.
In 1999, the company sold its cigarette manufacturing to Austria Tabak but is still active as a distributor of cigarettes on the Swedish market.
In 2009, Swedish Match entered an agreement with Philip Morris International and formed the joint venture company SWPM International for exploring and developing new markets for snus and other smokefree tobacco products outside Scandinavia and the United States. The companies have an ownership of 50 percent each in SWMP International.
In 2010, Swedish Match and Scandinavian Tobacco Group (STG) formed a new company specialized in cigars. Swedish Match brought its entire cigar business (with the exception of U.S. mass market cigars) and pipe tobacco into the new company, while STG transferred all of its tobacco business. The new company took over the name Scandinavian Tobacco Group. Swedish Match became a partner with 49 percent of the company, and the remaining shares are owned by Skandinavisk Holding A/S.
Snus, moist snuff, cigars, chewing tobacco, matches and lighters are Swedish Match’s main products. They are developed, manufactured, distributed, marketed and sold through the company’s five operating units:
- Scandinavia Division
- US Division
- Lights Latin America
- Lights International
- SMD Logistics AB
The Scandinavia Division is responsible for the supply chain management for the Group’s smokeless tobacco products (snus, moist snuff and chewing tobacco). It is also in charge of production, product development, marketing and sales of snus on the Scandinavian market. The head office is located in Sweden.
The US Division manages sales and marketing for snus, moist snuff and chewing tobacco in the US. It also handles marketing and supply chain management for mass market cigars on the US market. The head office is located in the US.
Lights Latin America
The division Lights Latin America manufactures and markets matches and lighters in Latin America. The head office is based in Brazil.
Produces lights and matches in the Netherlands, the Philippines and Sweden. The division also manufactures and markets these products outside Latin America. The head office is located in Sweden.
SMD Logistics AB
The SMD Logistics AB division, distributes mainly tobacco products to the Swedish market, approximately 12,000 stores. The head office is located in Sweden.
Swedish Match has two partnerships: SMPM International and Scandinavian Tobacco Group. SMPM International is a joint venture company equally owned by Swedish Match and Philip Morris. The company markets and sells snus outside Scandinavia and the US. Scandinavian Tobacco Group, of which Swedish Match owns 49 percent, is specialized in cigars, pipe tobacco and fine cut tobacco.
Operating locations and factories
Swedish Match operates in nine countries and has production units in six of these: Brazil, the Dominican Republic, the Netherlands, the Philippines, Sweden and the US. The company has 12 factories, of which ten, in 2013, had ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certifications.
The table below presents an overview of Swedish Match's operations as of 2013:
|Country||Activity||Factory||Number of employees|
|Sweden||Head office, production units and sales offices||Snus, matches||1,050|
|US||Production units and sales offices||Moist snuff, chewing tobacco||1,158|
|Dominican Republic||Production unit||Cigars||986|
|Brazil||Production units and sales offices||Lights||714|
|Philippines||Production units and sales offices||Lights||306|
|Belgium||Treasury and Public Affairs offices||No||2|
Production of matches and lighters
The matches produced by Swedish Match are safety matches and are manufactured in Sweden and Brazil. The entity that produces matches in Sweden, Swedish Match Industries AB, is certified according to the Forest Stewardship Council chain of custody standard and the standard for controlled wood. The matches are manufactured according to the European match standards EN 1783:1997. 40 percent of the production is sold in Europe and 60 percent to Africa, Central America, The Caribbean, Oceania and the Middle East. The Swedish manufacturing facilities are located in Tidaholm and Vetlanda. The match manufacturing facilities in Brazil (Curitiba and Piraí do Sul) are not certified by ISO. The company’s main lighter brand, Cricket, is manufactured according to ISO 9994:2006 and EN 13869 (child resistance), which are mandatory in the European Economic Community.
Workplace and safety
In 2013, Swedish Match employed 4,382 people of which 38 percent were women. In 2013, 73 percent of the employees were based in either the US, Sweden, or the Dominican Republic. All manufacturing facilities have health and safety committees that provide safety training to employees.
Every year, Aon performs two audits of compliance at Swedish Match’s manufacturing facilities. They inspect supplier contracts, human rights, occupational health and safety within the areas of social responsibility, workplace practices, business ethics and environment, and the absence of child labor and forced labor.
The table presents employee related data from Swedish Match for 2011 and 2012:
|Occupational health and safety||2012||2011|
|Total number of working hours per year||8,696,129||7,991,220|
|Total number of injuries/accidents excluding minor (first-aid level) injuries/accidents||77||63|
|Total number of occupational illnesses||8||19|
|Total number of fatalities due to occupational illnesses/injuries/accidents||0||0|
Swedish Match states in its annual report that its environmental efforts are focused on energy consumption, electricity, waste, water use in manufacturing, and greenhouse gas emissions. In 2011, the company set environmental targets and performance indicators for 2016 at factory level.
While today's Swedish Match still produces matches, the majority of its sales and operating profits comes from its smokeless tobacco products (snus and moist snuff) and other tobacco products (cigars and chewing tobacco). In 2013, these tobacco products accounted for 59 percent of sales and 93 percent of Swedish Match’s operating profit, whereas matches and lighters accounted for 11 percent of sales and 7 percent of operating profit. Swedish Match generates most of its sales in Scandinavia, the US, and Brazil (98 percent of company sales in 2013) but also has a significant worldwide presence through its matches and lighters businesses.
Snus and moist snuff
Scandinavia and the US are the primary markets for Swedish Match’s tobacco products. The company is market leader in snus in both Sweden and Norway. In 2013, the operating profit for snus and moist snuff was 2,195 MSEK, a 7 percent decrease (2,349 MSEK in 2012). The market for Scandinavian snus and the US moist snuff/snus is approximately 1.7 billion cans per year (325 million cans in Scandinavia and 1.4 billion cans in the US). The snus market in the US is about $175 million, and Swedish Match has about 10 percent of the market.
Cigars and chewing tobacco
The US cigar market is estimated to 5 billion cigars in 2013 (a growth of 3-4 percent compared to 2012, in terms of volume). According to Swedish Match estimates in 2013, the company has 22 percent market shares (17 percent in 2012, according to estimates by Nielsen). Two thirds of the chewing tobacco sold in the US is produced by Swedish Match. Chewing tobacco is a 250 million US dollar market (manufacturers’ sales). The operating profit for cigars and chewing tobacco was 1,029 MSEK in 2013 (1,161 MSEK in 2012). In addition, Swedish Match holds a 49 percent ownership in Scandinavian Tobacco Group (STG) which is the world’s largest cigar producer and manufactures more than 50 percent of the world’s pipe tobacco.
Matches and lighters
Swedish Match supplies matches world-wide. The main markets for matches are Scandinavia, the UK, France, Spain, Australia and Brazil. For lighters, the most important markets are Brazil, Malaysia, Russia, Scandinavia, France and UK. In 2013, the operating profit for matches and lighters increased by 4 percent to 230 MSEK (222 MSEK in 2012).
Below are Swedish Match’s main brands along with market information as of 2012:
|Product||Brand||Main markets||Market share||Competitors|
|Snus||General, Ettan, Grovsnus, Göteborgs Rapé, Kronan and Kaliber||Sweden
|BAT, Imperial Tobacco, Japan Tobacco|
|Moist snuff||Longhorn, Timber Wolf||US||10 percent||Altria, Reynolds American|
|Cigars||White Owl, Garcia Y Vega, Game||US||17 percent||Swisher, Altria, Imperial Tobacco|
|Chewing tobacco||Red Man, Southern Pride||US||48 percent||Reynolds American, National Tobacco, Swisher|
|Matches||Solstickan, Fiat Lux, Swan, Feudor, Redheads, Tres Estrellas||UK, Scandinavia, Spain, Australia, Brazil||Market leader|
|Lighters||Cricket||Russia, Brazil, Scandinavia, UK, France, Asia||Market leader||Bic, Tokai, Flamagas|
Market position and competition
Snus in Sweden
The table shows the market shares for snus in Sweden according to Nielsen, as of 12 week data to December 22, 2012.
|Swedish Match||75 percent|
|BAT (F&L)||11 percent|
|Imperial Tobacco (Skruf)||9 percent|
|Japan Tobacco International||5 percent|
In 2013, Swedish Match estimates that its market share for snus in Sweden is 71 percent, a 2.2 percentage point decrease compared to estimates by Nielsen which are based on six month data to June 16, 2013.
Snus and moist snuff in the US
In 2012, Swedish Match estimated that the company had a market share for snus and moist snuff of 10 percent in the US. A year later, the market share decreased to 9 percent according to Swedish Match and industry estimates.
|Swedish Match||10 percent|
|Altria (USSTC)||56 percent|
|Reynolds American (American Snuff Company)||32 percent|
Nielsen estimated that Swedish Match had a market share of 17 percent for cigars in the US in 2012 (based on 12 week data to December 22, 2012). In 2013, Swedish Match estimates that its market shares has increased to 22 percent.
|Swedish Match||17 percent|
|Altria (Middleton)||29 percent|
|Imperial Tobacco (Altadis USA)||19 percent|
In 2013, Swedish Match estimated that the company had a 40 percent market share for chewing tobacco in the US. This is a decrease with 8 percentage point compared to estimates for 2012 made by Nielsen (based on 12 week data to December 22, 2012).
|Swedish Match||48 percent|
|Reynolds American (American Snuff Company)||20 percent|
|National Tobacco||16 percent|
Swedish Match in the US
In the US, Swedish Match produces and distributes the Longhorn, Timber Wolf and Red Man brands of moist snuff. The company also expanded into the United States premium cigar business by purchasing General Cigar Company Inc. (producer of non-Cuban versions of Macanudo, Partagas and Punch) from Edgar Cullman and El Credito Cigar Company (producer of La Gloria Cubana and El Rico Habano) from Ernesto Perez-Carrillo. In October 2010, the company transferred its US premium cigar and European cigar businesses, as well as its pipe tobacco and accessories businesses, to a new company named Scandinavian Tobacco Group, while receiving a 49 percent ownership stake in the new company.
In an effort to expand its snus business outside of Sweden and Norway, the company has, since 2009, been selling its Scandinavian market leading brand of snus, General, at tobacco retailers in the US. The distribution of General snus has increased over the years, from being sold in approximately 10,000 stores in 2012 to more than 21,000 store by the end of 2013.
For the US, snus is a relatively new category. In the US, the main smokeless category is moist snuff. Moist snuff is made using a fermentation process and usually placed under the lower lip, requiring spitting. Snus is made using a steam heat process (much like pasteurisation) and is usually placed under the upper lip, which means that spitting is not necessary.
Cooperation between Swedish Match and P.T. Jamafac, which began in 1971 and expanded in 1996, has now been formalized in a joint venture agreement aimed at strengthening Swedish Match's position in Southeast Asia. In 1999, Swedish Match signed an agreement to acquire 40 percent of Indonesia's largest producer of matches, P.T. Java Match Factory (P.T. Jamafac). The company has production units in Jakarta and Bandung. As of February 2009, it was announced that Swedish Match collaborated with Phillip Morris International in a joint venture, effectively testing various international markets. Their aim was to expand the Swedish Match smokeless product line outside of the US and Scandinavian markets. The collaboration placed test markets in Tel Aviv, Israel; St. Petersburg, Russia; Taiwan, and nation-wide Canada. In Swedish Match's 2012 Q3 Interim report, CEO Lars Dahlgren commented, "In the US, General snus is now available in more than 9,000 retail outlets. We will continue to invest behind the brand and expand distribution, and expect to be in more than 10,000 stores by the end of the year. Test market activities for snus through SMPM International continue in Canada, and St. Petersburg, Russia, and we have now added Tel Aviv, Israel, as another test market."
|Name||Year of birth||Position||Year elected|
|Conny Karlsson||1955||Board chairman||2007|
|Andrew Cripps||1957||Deputy chairman||2006|
|Karen Guerra||1956||Board member||2008|
|Wenche Rolfsen||1952||Board member||2013|
|Robert F. Sharpe||1952||Board member||2011|
|Meg Tivéus||1943||Board member||1999|
|Joakim Westh||1961||Board member||2011|
|Kenneth Ek||1953||Employee representative||1999|
|Patrik Engelbrektsson||1965||Employee representative||2012|
|Eva Larsson||1958||Employee representative||1999|
President and CEO:
Lennart Sundén, 1998-2004
Sven Hindrikes, 2004-2008
Lars Dahlgren, 2008-
|Shareholder||Number of shares||Percent of capital||Percent of votes|
|Morgan Stanley Investment Management||10,099,580||5.0||5.1|
|AMF Insurance & Funds||5,089,702||2.5||2.6|
|Standard Life Investment Funds||3,572,859||1.8||1.8|
|Fourth Swedish national Pension Fund||2,703,702||1.3||1.4|
|Swedbank Robur Funds||2,570,379||1.3||1.3|
|Second Swedish national Pension Fund||2,522,149||1.2||1.3|
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