Albanella

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the white Italian wine grape, see Albanella (grape).
Albanella
Comune
Comune di Albanella
Albanella Panorama.jpg
Coat of arms of Albanella
Coat of arms
Motto: La terra degli ulivi
Albanella within the Province of Salerno
Albanella within the Province of Salerno
Albanella is located in Italy
Albanella
Albanella
Location of Albanella in Italy
Coordinates: 40°29′N 15°7′E / 40.483°N 15.117°E / 40.483; 15.117Coordinates: 40°29′N 15°7′E / 40.483°N 15.117°E / 40.483; 15.117
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Salerno
Frazioni Borgo San Cesareo, Bosco, Cerrina, Forestelle, Matinella, San Chirico, San Nicola, Tempa delle Guardie
Government
 • Mayor Giuseppe Capezzuto
Area
 • Total 39 km2 (15 sq mi)
Elevation 205 m (673 ft)
Population (1 April 2009)
 • Total 6,441
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Demonym Albanellesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84044
Dialing code 0828
Patron saint Sophia of Rome and Matthew the Evangelist
Saint day 15 May (Saint Sophia) and
21 September (Saint Matthew)
Website Official website

Albanella is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. It is located 51 kilometers from the city of Salerno.

The town slogan is La terra degli ulivi, which translates to "the land of the olive trees" in English. Olive oil is one of the principal products of the town.

Geography[edit]

The town is located halfway between Monti Alburni and the Gulf of Salerno, on a hill commanding the plain of the Sele River. The rest of the municipal area is either flat or, between the Sele and Calore Lucano rivers to the north and Monte Soprano (1,082 m) to the south, hilly.

History[edit]

Lying on hills rich with olive trees, Albanella was founded in the 11th century by refugees from Paestum, seeking for a site which would be safe from Saracen raids. The most ancient settlement is in fact on the hill's side which is hidden from the sea.

Several archaeological findings are now in the National Archaeological Museum in Paestum and in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples.

Frazioni[edit]

The comune includes the following hamlets (frazioni):

Frazione and localities Inhabitants[1] Altitude (metres) Distance from main town
Albanella (capital) 1.585 205 m --------
Matinella 1.780 43 m 6 km
Borgo San Cesareo 265 26 m 9 km
San Nicola 188 55 m 3 km
Tempa delle Guardie 122 151 m 1.5 km
Piano del Carpine 82 100 m 3 km
Bosco 80 100 m 3 km
Vuccolo Cappasanta 73 29 m 4 km
San Cesareo 55 27 m 9 km
Perelle 53 86 m 2.5 km
Bosco Camerine 46 157 m 3.5 km
Cerrina 39 63 m 3 km
Vallecentanni 36 75 m 5.5 km
Santa Croce 28 180 m 4 km
Forestelle 25 85 m 2 km
San Chirico 22 51 m 5 km
Raccoli 14 36 m 3.5 km

Matinella[edit]

Matinella is the largest frazione in the comune of Albanella, located about 6 km from the center of the township at the intersection of roads from Eboli (via Persano) and Altavilla Silentina which leads to Capaccio-Paestum, and the Provincial Road No. 11 from Ponte Barizzo which leads to Albanella .Because of the low-lying country in recent decades the village has experienced significant population growth that has brought almost a third of the municipal population.

Via Roma, Albanella

Borgo San Cesareo[edit]

In 1950, the government launched a series of legislative measures in Agrarian Reform. These measures, implemented in specific provinces (Campania, Lazio, Puglia, etc. ..) had the goal of expropriating the land of large landowners to local laborers and peasants. This led to the creation of the agricultural village and frazione of Borgo San Cesareo, a small village which is about 9 km from Albanella town.

San Nicola[edit]

The frazione of San Nicola is located halfway between Albanella town and the frazione Matinella along the Provincial Road 11. Its development is due to the important road junction that links to Albanella and which leads to Altavilla Silentina and Eboli.

Bosco[edit]

Bosco is an ancient frazione which takes its name from the vast forests on the slopes of the hills that once lay to the north-east of the village. After centuries of deforestation for timber and to create land for pasture or cultivation the ancient "Bosco" forest is only a small area today of about one hundred acres, bordering the territory of Castelcivita and Roccadaspide, saved through by the WWF.

Main sights[edit]

Church of Santa Sofia[edit]

Built in the 16th century.

Church of San Matteo

Church of St. Matthew (San Matteo)[edit]

Dating back to 1400, this church stands in the heart of the historic center on a small hill where there was previously an old Roman settlement. The church is characterized by two aisles and a bell tower in Romanesque style, and has a great organ.

Chapel of the Congregation of SS. Rosario[edit]

It is located in the old town opposite the Church of St. Matthew. It is the newest of the three Catholic churches in Albanella, dating back to the 19th century. The external façade has a majolica panel, realized in Vietri, depicting the Madonna del Rosario between St. Dominic and St. Catherine of Siena.

Church of San Gennaro[edit]

Better known as the Church of St. Anne (Chiesa di Sant'Anna) because of the statue of the saint, it is located in the frazione of Matinella.

Church of San Giuseppe Lavoratore[edit]

A modern church built in the 20th century located in the frazione of Borgo San Cesareo.

Wind Farm[edit]

Wind farm in Albanella

On the hill of San Chirico, a few kilometres west of Albanella town, are ten wind turbines, visible from the Amalfi Coast.

The plant, which was established in February 2004, features ten wind turbines (model V52) of 850 kW each producing more than 20 million kWh per year. The wind farm has been designed and developed by the IWT (Italian Wind Technology) headed the Danish multinational Vestas.

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source Istat 2001

External links[edit]