Alfano

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Alfano
Comune
Comune di Alfano
Alfano.jpg
Coat of arms of Alfano
Coat of arms
Alfano within the Province of Salerno
Alfano within the Province of Salerno
Alfano is located in Italy
Alfano
Alfano
Location of Alfano in Italy
Coordinates: 40°11′N 15°25′E / 40.183°N 15.417°E / 40.183; 15.417Coordinates: 40°11′N 15°25′E / 40.183°N 15.417°E / 40.183; 15.417
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Salerno (SA)
Government
 • Mayor Angelo Grosso
Area
 • Total 4 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation 250 m (820 ft)
Population (1 March 2009)
 • Total 1,128
 • Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Demonym Alfanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84040
Dialing code 0974
Patron saint Sophia of Rome and Matthew the Evangelist
Saint day December 6 (Saint Nicholas)
Website Official website

Alfano is a village and small comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. As of March 1, 2009 the comune had a population of 1128.[1]

History[edit]

There is little reliable evidence on the ancient history of Alfano. However, according to tradition a large city existed on the slopes of Mount Centaurino, near the present frazione of Roccagloriosa, but this would have been destroyed in a catastrophic earthquake.[2]

In 1496 the town was given to the Neapolitan noble Giovanni Carafa, Duke of Paliano.

Geography[edit]

Alfano borders with the municipalities of Laurito, Roccagloriosa and Rofrano.

Main sights[edit]

The main church in Alfano is the Church of Saint Nicholas. The Baronal Novelli Palace dates back to the 18th century. It has a grand entrance of stone, leading to a hall, and for some time served as the Town Hall of Alfano.

Palazzo dei Baroni Speranza, another palace, belonged to the Baron Speranza di Laurito. The palace, a large complex building complex elevated above the town,[3] contains a central courtyard.

Economy[edit]

The comune is a renowned producer of wine. Although the soils are amongst the poorest in of the country, given the harshness of the territory and the dryness of soils, local grape varieties were introduced to Elea and Paestum by ancient Greek colonists and adapted to grow in clay-calcareous soils and climate of the area.

The Cilento brand of wine was established on May 3, 1989 and is produced in three varieties.[4] Paying homage the Ancient Greek colonists in Paestum and the viniculture experienced there, on November 22, 1995, the brand of wine Paestum went into production.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dati Istat - Popolazione residente all'1/3/2009
  2. ^ "Storia" (in Italian). comune.alfano.sa.it. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Gite turistiche" (in Italian). comune.alfano.sa.it. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Cilento" (in Italian). comune.alfano.sa.it. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Alfano at Wikimedia Commons