|George Frideric Handel|
Alessandro (Alexander the Great, HWV 21) is an opera written for the Royal Academy of Music (1719) composed by George Frideric Handel in 1726. Paolo Rolli was the librettist and based the story on Ortensio Mauro's La superbia d'Alessandro. This was the first opera where Handel had cast together in the same opera the famous singers Faustina Bordoni, as Rossane, and Francesca Cuzzoni, as Lisaura. Handel made use of their real-life professional rivalry in his treatment of the story. The original cast also included Francesco Bernardi ("Senesino").
Handel had originally planned Alessandro to be his first contribution to the 1725/1726 season of the Royal Academy. However, Bordoni did not arrive in London in time to stage Alessandro, and Handel substituted his own Scipione in March and April 1726 until his arrival. The opera received its first performance on 5 May 1726 at the King's Theatre, London.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 5 May 1726|
|Alessandro||alto castrato||Francesco Bernardi "Senesino"|
|Tassile||alto castrato||Antonio Baldi|
|Clito||bass||Giuseppe Maria Boschi|
|Cleone||contralto||Anna Vincenza Dotti|
Alessandro comes to believe that he is the son of the god Jupiter. His delusion is such that he demands to be worshipped as a god. His Macedonian captains conspire to cure him of this belief, but their efforts are weak. During the course of the work, Rossane and Lisaura are rivals for the affection of Alessandro.
- 1984: Deutsche Harmonia Mundi IC 157 16 9537 3: René Jacobs, Sophie Boulin, Isabelle Poulenard, Jean Nirouet, Stephen Varcoe, Guy de Mey, Ria Bollen; La Petite Bande; Sigiswald Kuijken, conductor
- 1986: Studios Classique CD SC 100 303: Anita Terzian, Phoebe Atkinson, Betty Rieders, Lola Watson, Thomas Poole, Perry Price, Norman Andersson; Sinfonia Varsovia; Mieczysław Nowakowski, conductor. 
- Pan Classics PC 10273: Lawrence Zazzo, Yetzabel Arias Fernández, Raffaella Milanesi, Martín Oro, Andrew Finden, Rebecca Raffell, Sebastian Kohlhepp; Deutsche Händel-Solisten; Michael Form, conductor (Released August 2012)
- Decca Classics 4784699: Max Emanuel Cenčić, Karina Gauvin, Julia Lezhneva, Xavier Sabata, Juan Sancho, In-Sung Sim, Vasily Khoroshev; Armonia Atenea; George Petrou, conductor (Released October 2012)
- Amadeus Almanac
- Dean, Winton (2006), Handel's Operas, 1726–1741, Boydell Press, ISBN 1-84383-268-2 The second of the two-volume definitive reference on the operas of Handel
- Score of Alessandro (ed. Friedrich Chrysander, Leipzig 1877)
- Alessandro: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project