Anais, Charente-Maritime

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Anais
Anais is located in France
Anais
Anais
Coordinates: 46°11′16″N 0°54′26″W / 46.1878°N 0.9072°W / 46.1878; -0.9072Coordinates: 46°11′16″N 0°54′26″W / 46.1878°N 0.9072°W / 46.1878; -0.9072
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement La Rochelle
Canton La Jarrie
Intercommunality Plaine d'Aunis
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bruno Gautronneau
Area1 9.44 km2 (3.64 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 313
 • Density 33/km2 (86/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17007 / 17540
Elevation 3–29 m (9.8–95.1 ft)
(avg. 16 m or 52 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anais is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anaisiens or Anaisiennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Anais is located some 15 km east of La Rochelle and 5 km south by south-east of Nuaille-d'Aunis. It can be accessed by the D107 road from Dompierre-sur-Mer in the west passing through the centre of the commune south of the village and continuing to Bouhet. The D113 road also comes from Virson in the south passing through the southern part of the commune and continuing north-east to Le Gué-d'Alleré. Access to the village in the north of the commune is only by small country roads running off the D107 and the D113. Apart from the small village of Anais there is also a larger village called Les Grandes-Rivieres located on the D113 road.

The Curé stream forms the eastern boundary of the commune and the Virson forms the northern part of the western boundary and they both meet at a place called le Gouffre (the Pit) which is the start of the Canal du Curé on the municipal boundary of the neighbouring commune of Angliers.[2]

The small village of Anais is built on a low limestone hill, at an altitude of about 13 metres, and it is surrounded by numerous marshes, being located in the southern part of the Marais Poitevin which belongs geographically and historically the plain of Aunis.

It is in this part of the Marais Poitevin that the course of the Curé enters the vast marshy bowl after leaving the last calcareous soils of Aunis in the neighbouring commune of Bouhet.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Gérard Grelier SE Retired
2014 2020 Bruno Gautronneau

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

According to the INSEE census of 2007 Anais had 284 inhabitants which was an increase of 35% compared to 1999. The town is 22,811th in size at the national level compared to 25,469th in 1999 and 353rd at the departmental level out of 472 communes.

In 2009 the commune had 313 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
210 257 254 262 281 303 310 287 297
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
321 311 331 340 327 303 275 297 327
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
309 271 279 276 247 243 226 202 200
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
184 197 195 211 231 210 244 313 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Anais

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the commune is relatively young. The rate of persons above the age of 60 years (15.7%) is lower than the national rate (21.6%) and the departmental rate (28.1%). Unlike the national and departmental proportions, the male population of the town is greater than the female population (53% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% at the departmental level).

The distribution of the population of the municipality by age groups was, in 2009 53% of men and 47% of women.

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Anais and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009

Anais Anais Charente-M Charente-M
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 23.5 23.1 17.2 15.1
15 to 29 Years 16.3 15.6 16.5 14.4
30 to 44 Years 25.9 27.2 18.7 17.9
45 to 59 Years 18.1 19.0 21.0 20.8
60 to 74 Years 12.0 10.2 17.2 17.8
75 to 89 Years 3.6 4.1 9.0 12.4
90 Years+ 0.6 0.7 0.5 1.5

Sources:

Sites and Monuments[edit]

  • The Church of Saint Peter from the 10th century.

Transport[edit]

Nearest Railway Stations and Halts[edit]

Nearest Airport and aerodromes[edit]

  • La Rochelle (Laleu) 22.1 km
  • Rochefort-Saint-Agnant 33.8 km
  • Niort-Souché 41.4 km

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]