Annepont

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Annepont
Mill
Mill
Annepont is located in France
Annepont
Annepont
Coordinates: 45°50′38″N 0°36′49″W / 45.844°N 0.6136°W / 45.844; -0.6136Coordinates: 45°50′38″N 0°36′49″W / 45.844°N 0.6136°W / 45.844; -0.6136
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement Saint-Jean-d'Angély
Canton Saint-Savinien
Intercommunality Pays Savinois
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Francis Boizumault
Area
 • Land1 8.81 km2 (3.40 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 324
 • Population2 density 37/km2 (95/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17011 / 17350
Elevation 3–62 m (9.8–203.4 ft)
(avg. 14 m or 46 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Annepont is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Annepontois or Annepontoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Annepont is located some 15 km south-west of Saint-Jean-d'Angely and 13 km north of Saintes. The A10 autoroute (E5) passes through the west of the commune but has no exit in or near the commune. Access to the commune is by the D127 from Taillebourg to the south-west passing though the village and continuing north to Mazeray. The D230 road also goes east from the village to Juico. The D231 also passes through the south of the commune forming part of the southern border and continues to Écoyeux to the south-east. The commune has extensive forests in the east covering some 40% of the land area with the rest of the commune farmland.

The Ruisseau de la Blanchardiere rises in the east of the commune and flows west joining with numerous other streams.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Toponymists do not mention an old form for this place name so that the etymology of Annepont remains hypothetical. Albert Dauzat saw a compound of the elements Anna, a Germanic personal name, followed by the Gallo-Roman Ponte (from the Latin pons) meaning "bridge".[3]

Ernest Nègre agreed on the nature of the second element -pont but interpreted the first in a radically different way: it is possibly the local term asne meaning "humpbacked" - i.e. "humpbacked bridge".[4]

N.B.: There is a Germanic personal name Anna which is unrelated to the Hebrew personal name Hanna(h) (giving Anna then Anne). This anthroponym is an hypocoristic Germanic anthroponym beginning with the element Arn-. The final a rather indicates a Saxon origin. This hypothesis is supported by the existence of a number of place names in the region (notably in -ville) so the first element could be a Saxon anthroponym. In addition, archaeological excavations confirm the presence of Saxons in the region. This far south a compound structure is expected rather than the Romanesque *Pontanne but Annepont is more reminiscent of a toponymic type of northern France marked by Germanic influence and made from a Germanic anthroponym as for Radepont, Senarpont, Hubertpont, Carlepont, etc. The solution advocated by Ernest Negro, if possible phonetically, is even more hypothetical inasmuch as an ancient form of the type *Asnepont is required.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Francis Boizumault

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 324 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
370 392 380 328 423 432 421 415 377
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
400 385 364 353 362 395 389 382 359
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
338 332 330 315 334 326 288 328 262
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
216 184 177 220 208 267 264 324 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Annepont

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the commune is relatively old. The proportion of persons above the age of 60 years (26.2%) is higher than the national rate (21.6%) while being less than the departmental rate (28.1%). Like the national and departmental allocations, the female population of the commune is higher than the male population. The rate (50.9%) is of the same order of magnitude as the national rate (51.6%).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Annepont and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009

Anneport Anneport Charente-M Charente-M
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 20.1 15.2 17.2 15.1
15 to 29 Years 12.6 17.6 16.5 14.4
30 to 44 Years 21.4 18.8 18.7 17.9
45 to 59 Years 20.8 21.2 21.0 20.8
60 to 74 Years 10.7 15.8 17.2 17.8
75 to 89 Years 13.2 10.3 9.0 12.4
90 Years+ 1.3 1.2 0.5 1.5

Sources:

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Church of Saint-André at Annepont.
Logis of Maine-Moreau.
  • Church of Saint-André: Located on a promontory, the Romanesque church of Saint-André is distinguished by its gate without a tympanum surrounded by Corinthian capitals and its ornamented chevet beautifully executed. Old houses surrounding the building give a special character to the whole.
  • Logis of Maine-Moreau, located in the Annepont countryside, a property from the 17th century.

Transport[edit]

Railway Stations and Halts[edit]

Airport and aerodrome[edit]

  • Rochefort-St-Agnant 28.9 km
  • Cognac 31 km
  • Royan-Medis Aerodrome 36.6 km

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Charente-Maritime (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ DNLF 20b.
  4. ^ Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France Read online (French)
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France