Esnandes

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Esnandes
Eglise Esnandes.jpg
Coat of arms of Esnandes
Coat of arms
Esnandes is located in France
Esnandes
Esnandes
Coordinates: 46°15′01″N 1°06′49″W / 46.2503°N 1.1136°W / 46.2503; -1.1136Coordinates: 46°15′01″N 1°06′49″W / 46.2503°N 1.1136°W / 46.2503; -1.1136
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement La Rochelle
Canton La Rochelle-5
Intercommunality La Rochelle
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Didier Geslin
Area1 7.45 km2 (2.88 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 2,063
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17153 / 17137
Elevation 0–19 m (0–62 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Esnandes is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region in southwestern France. Its inhabitants are called Esnandais.

Geography[edit]

This small town north of La Rochelle faces the bay of Aiguillon (formerly Gulf Pictons). It situates on the cliffs overlooking the bays where mussels and oysters are produced which are still culminating to this day.

History[edit]

The first written mention of Esnandes dates to 920. In 1987, archaeological excavations traced the history of Esnandes thousands of years ago. Prehistoric sites, including a salt mine is behind an Esnandes church. The Roman occupation left traces in the form of a Roman villa at the Saint-Clement.

Esnandes is famous for its revamped church. In 1622, the Council of the City of La Rochelle ordered its destruction in place for a Catholic stronghold. Its main activity include mussel farming which date back to the 13th century.

The names of the trustees of the parish have come down to us:

Local government[edit]

Consolidated city–county status and sister cities[edit]

Esnandes is one of the 18 communes which is part of the Communauté d'agglomération de La Rochelle (Community of agglomeration of La Rochelle). Not only is it the consolidated city-county with the highest population in Charente-Maritime but also in the region of Poitou-Charentes.

Esnandes is twinned with Thorens-Glières.

Economy[edit]

Carrelets à Esnandes

There are

  • 23 mussel producing factories "Bouchot the Charron" [1]
  • 5 companies in the industry: 12 in construction, 6 shops, 8 services. 8 farms
  • a baker, a grocery store, a butcher / deli and a coffee shop / newspaper agent.
  • two doctors, a pharmacist, a dentist, a nurse and a physiotherapist.
  • 1 post office

Religious heritage[edit]

The Priory of St. Martin or Church of St. Martin belonged to the Royal Abbey of Saint-Jean-d'Angély since 1029. The original building dates back to the eleventh and twelfth century but was rebuilt and restored in the fourteenth century. Since then, it has been modified several times. In 1840, the church was recognised as a historic monument.

To this date, it still retains its Romanesque style from the twelfth century, which is decorated and framed by two booths which form a complete set of reinforcements. The bell tower is square-shaped and pierced with narrow windows. A spiral staircase gives access to walkways equipped with aliasing, machicolations and bartizans. The east wall is pierced by three windows [2], a postern and a ditch were added to the defense later. The nave is vaulted with warheads based on columns and form three ships and five spans with flat bed. The two Gothic sacristies are both located behind the side altars.

Religious wars have caused extensive damage. After the fall of La Rochelle (28 October 1628), repairs began in 1629 and continued until 1740. Repairs carried out throughout the building as well as the nave's vault and the choir. The church was restored again starting in 1864 then coverage was repeated in 1996 [3].

Cultural Heritage[edit]

'The House of Mussel Culture 'Mytiliculture'

Mussel farms collect approximately 10,000 tons of shellfish products (including mussels) per year from the Bay of Aiguillon, which has been producing shellfish since 1235. The mussel farms of Esnandes (Labellisée Musée de France) reflect the strong local heritage: understanding activity and environment, the House of Mussel Farms offers films, a dynamic and interactive museum and temporary exhibitions (or closely related themes on the region, environment, fisheries, cultural exhibits are conducted jointly with various associations of the township.)

Thus, young and old can follow Mollux, the mascot, throughout the visit (in the form of comics for children) to understand the biology of mold, its environment and its predators, and the production and marketing of the black pearl of our coasts. The coastal path called "customs" attract walkers.

Personalities[edit]

  • Guy lords and Amaury de Vivonne (crusades of 1129 and 1194) who became kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem.
  • The family of Alcide d'Orbigny, French zoologist lived in a house in Esnandes.
  • Georges Simenon's books which are often referred to Esnandes and its neighborhoods.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

↑ The mark is for Charron molds bouchots of the Bay of Aiguillon centers of mussel Marsilly, Esnandes, Charron and Aiguillon-sur-Mer. ↑ Gothic Architecture Saintonge and Aunis, Yves Blomme, Bordessoule editions, ISBN 2-903504-33-4 ↑ base Mérimée [archive]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Publications de la Société d'Archéologie et d'histoire de L'Aunis.
  • Esnandes Village d'Aunis, Mme Lafon 1992.
  • L'Église Saint-Martin d'Esnandes, Mme Lafon 1987.
  • Essai pour une histoire de la cultures des moules en baie de l'Aiguillon, Jean Louis Mahé 1992.
  • Graffiti des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles à Esnandes, Luc Bucherie 1980.

External links[edit]