Anastasios Charalambis

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Anastasios Charalambis
Charalambis.jpg
Anastasios Charalambis as a Colonel
Born 22 September 1862[1]
Kalavryta
Died 11 March 1949
Athens
Allegiance Greece Kingdom of Greece
Service/branch Hellenic Army
Years of service 1884–1922
Rank GR-Army-OF8-1912.svg Lieutenant General
Wars Greco-Turkish War of 1897, Balkan Wars

Anastasios Charalambis (Greek: Αναστάσιος Χαραλάμπης, 22 September 1862 – 11 March 1949) was a Greek Lieutenant General and interim Prime Minister of Greece for one day in 1922.

Life[edit]

Anastasios Charalambis was born in Kalavryta on 22 September 1862.[2] After studying in the Hellenic Army Academy, he was commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant of Artillery on 25 July 1884. He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1888 and Captain in 1895, and fought in the Greco-Turkish War of 1897.[2][3]

He was again promoted to Major in 1908, Lt. Colonel in 1910 and Colonel in 1913. During the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913, he served as Chief of Staff of the 1st Infantry Division in Macedonia, then of the 6th Infantry Division in the operations in Epirus, before returning to the 1st Division for the operations against Bulgaria in the Second Balkan War.[2][3]

In 1914 he was placed as Chief of Staff to II Army Corps, and then as Director of the Artillery Bureau of the Ministry of Military Affairs.[2][3] From 26 April to 19 May and from 22 May to 14 June 1917 he served as Minister of Military Affairs, and then from 26 June as Chief of the Army's Staff Service until November. In early 1918 he was placed in command of II Army Corps, and retired from the Army on 23 July 1918.[2][3] He was promoted to Major General in 1917 and Lt. General in 1918.[3]

Following the defeat against Turkey in Anatolia, the government of Petros Protopapadakis fell, Greece was plunged into a political crisis. A military revolt, led by Venizelist officers, erupted in September 1922, and demanded the resignation of King Constantine I and of Prime Minister Nikolaos Triantafyllakos. Their demands were met, and the revolutionary committee installed a new government, with Alexandros Zaimis as Prime Minister and Charalambis as Minister of Military Affairs. As Zaimis was out of the country, Sotirios Krokidas was appointed as interim Prime Minister.

Until Krokidas could reach Athens to be sworn in, Charalambis was sworn in as temporary Prime Minister and Minister for Military Affairs on 16 September, serving for one day (and concurrently also as provisional Interior Minister).[4] After Krokidas arrived, he assumed the posts of Prime Minister and Interior Minister, while Charalambis remained Minister for Military Affairs until the cabinet's resignation on 14 November 1922.[2][5]

He was recalled from retirement in 1927 to serve as chairman of the military council for the re-admission of officers purged for political reasons over the previous years.[2][3] Charalambis died on 11 March 1949.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Note: Greece officially adopted the Gregorian calendar on 16 February 1923 (which became 1 March). All dates prior to that, unless specifically denoted, are Old Style.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Μεγάλη Στρατιωτική και Ναυτική Εγκυκλοπαιδεία. Τόμος Στ′: Σαράντα Εκκλησίαι – Ώχρα [Great Military and Naval Encyclopedia. Volume VI] (in Greek). Athens. 1930. p. 567. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Αντιστράτηγος ΧΑΡΑΛΑΜΠΗΣ A. ΑΝΑΣΤΑΣΙΟΣ, ΑΜ 3202. Αρχηγός ΓΕΣ 1917". Συνοπτική Ιστορία του Γενικού Επιτελείου Στρατού 1901–2001 [A Concise History of the Hellenic Army General Staff 1901–2001] (in Greek). Athens: Army History Directorate. 2001. p. 143. 
  4. ^ "Κυβέρνησις ΑΝΑΣΤΑΣΙΟΥ ΧΑΡΑΛΑΜΠΗ - Από 16.9.1922 έως 17.9.1922" (in Greek). General Secretariat of the Government. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Κυβέρνησις ΣΩΤΗΡΙΟΥ ΚΡΟΚΙΔΑ - Από 17.9.1922 έως 14.11.1922" (in Greek). General Secretariat of the Government. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Major General Xenofon Stratigos
Chief of the Hellenic Army Staff Service
26 June – November 1917
Succeeded by
Major General Aristotelis Vlachopoulos
(from November 1920)
Political offices
Preceded by
Nikolaos Triantafyllakos
Prime Minister of Greece
16–17 September 1922
Succeeded by
Sotirios Krokidas
Preceded by
G. Bousios
Minister for the Interior of Greece
16–17 September 1922
Preceded by
Nikolaos Triantafyllakos
Minister for Military Affairs of Greece
16 September – 14 November 1922
Succeeded by
Theodoros Pangalos