Anatoly Kvochur at the MAKS-2007 airshow
|Full name||Anatoly Nikolaevich Kvochur|
April 16, 1952 |
Mazurovka, Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Ukraine
Anatoly Kvochur (Russian: Анатолий Николаевич Квочур, tr. Anatoly Nikolaevich Kvochur, IPA: [ɐnɐˈtolʲjɪ kvʲət͡ɕurʲ]; born April 16, 1952), is a Russian aerobatics pilot, a test pilot, and a Hero of the Russian Federation. He is currently the Deputy Chief of the Gromov Flight Research Institute (ЛИИ). He is widely regarded as one of the best Russian pilots.
He studied at the V. M. Komarov Higher Military Flying School at Yeysk, graduating in 1973. He began service as a pilot in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. He served for two years before he was discharged from the Soviet Armed Forces in 1977 with a recommendation for admittance to the Test Pilot School at the Zhukovsky airfield. He graduated from the school in 1978. From 1978 to 1981 he worked as a test pilot at Komsomolsk-on-Amur, testing Su-17 aircraft and its modifications. He also studied further at the Moscow Aviation Institute, from whence he graduated in 1981.
He was transferred to the Mikoyan Design Bureau where he participated in the testing of more than 80 types of aircraft, including MiG-21, MiG-23, MiG-27, MiG-29, MiG-31, as well as air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles. Since then he has appeared in numerous international air shows, showcasing Russian aircraft.
In 1995 Kvochur participated in a very long range flight demonstration of Su-27PD and Su-27PU Flankers featuring an inflight refueling probe. He led an aerobatic team, known as the Test Pilots Team (Lyotchiki-Ispyttahteli), which also included the pilots Vladimir Loginovskiy and Aleksander Gamayev.
Paris Air Show incident
Kvochur was involved in an airshow accident in June 28, 1989 at the Paris Air Show. He was flying a single-seater Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum 'Blue 303', the latest fighter aircraft of the Soviet Union at the time. While executing a low-speed, high-angle attack portion of his routine, a bird was sucked into the turbofan of his right engine (a bird strike), causing the engine to burst into flames. Kvochur immediately turned the remaining engine to full afterburner. However his speed, at 180 kilometres per hour (110 mph), was too slow to maintain stability on one engine. Despite his efforts, the stricken aircraft went into a steep dive. Kvochur managed to steer the MiG away from the crowd and eject 2.5 seconds before impact. He landed 30 metres (98 ft) away from the fireball of the crashed plane. The incident was caught on video.
The aircraft Kvochur was in had a Zvezda K-36D ejection seat at that time. The same ejection seat also helped saved the lives of the pilots of two MiG-29's that collided mid-air at the Royal International Air Tattoo in July 24, 1993, and the pilot and navigator of a Sukhoi Su-30 that crashed from a bird strike at the Paris Air Show in June 12, 1999 (which was also captured on video).
Awards and recognition
- Order "For Merit For The Fatherland" 3rd Class (January 15, 1998)
- Hero of the Russian Federation (November 17, 1992)
- Distinguished Test Pilot Of The Soviet Union (August 8, 1990)
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1988)
- "Kvochur Anatoly Nikolayevich". OKB MiG Design Bureau. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- Peter Dancey (2011). Russian Test Pilot - Anatoli Kvochur A biography. Smashwords.
- "Sukhoi Su-30". Lyotno-Isslyedovatyelskij Institut imyeni Gromova (ЛИИ = LII). Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
- "Soviets Fall and Fly at the Paris Air Show". New Scientist (Reed Business Information) 122 (1669). 1989. ISSN 0262-4079. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
- Johnson, Reuben (June 18, 2007). "The Paris Air Show, Twenty Years On". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- YouTube - June 8, 1989 Mig-29 crash at Paris Air Show
- Испытатели. Выжить в катастрофе [Test pilots. Survive in an accident] (in Russian). Wings of Russia Studio.
- Todor Ivanov Ginchev. "MiG-29 Fulcrum". http://tig.ludost.net/. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
- "Pop Goes the Russian". Popular Science (Bonnier Corporation) 245 (6). 1993. ISSN 0161-7370. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
- Stamford, Lincs., UK: Air Forces Monthly, Alan Dawes, "That Crash - at Le Bourget", August 1999, Number 137, pages 50-53.
- YouTube - June 12, 1999 Su-30MKI crash at Paris Air Show
- Presidential Decree of January 15, 1998 № 38
- Presidential Decree of November 17, 1992 № 1401
- "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on 17 November 1992 N 1401 "Awarding the title of Hero of the Russian Federation, test pilots Flight Research Institute named after Gromov" (Указ Президента РФ от 17 ноября 1992 г. N 1401 "О присвоении звания Героя Российской Федерации летчикам-испытателям Летно-исследовательского института имени М.М. Громова")" (in Russian). Правотека.ру. Retrieved April 17, 2011.
- "Квочур Анатолий Николаевич 1952" (in Russian). TestPilot.ru. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- "Standard Flight Plan - Su-30 / Su-27 "Flanker": Flight Plan,". Rus Adventures. Retrieved April 16, 2011.