Anna Christie (1930 film)

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Anna Christie
Anna Christie 1930 film.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Clarence Brown
Produced by Clarence Brown
Paul Bern
Irving Thalberg
Written by Frances Marion (screenplay)
Eugene O'Neill (play)
Starring Greta Garbo
Charles Bickford
George F. Marion
Marie Dressler
Cinematography William Daniels
Edited by Hugh Wynn
Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release dates
  • February 21, 1930 (1930-02-21)
Running time 89 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Box office $1.5 million[1]

Anna Christie is a 1930 MGM Pre-Code drama film adaptation of the 1922 play by Eugene O'Neill. It was adapted by Frances Marion, produced and directed by Clarence Brown with Paul Bern and Irving Thalberg as co-producers. The cinematography was by William H. Daniels, the art direction by Cedric Gibbons and the costume design by Adrian.

The film stars Greta Garbo, Charles Bickford, George F. Marion, and Marie Dressler.

It was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Actress (Greta Garbo), Best Cinematography and Best Director. This pre-Code film is the movie that used the marketing slogan "Garbo Talks!", as it was her first talkie.

Of all its stars, Garbo was the one that MGM kept out of talking films the longest for fear that one of their biggest stars, like so many others, would not succeed in them. Her famous first line is: "Gimme a whisky, ginger ale on the side, and don't be stingy, baby!"[2] In fact, Garbo's English was so good by the time she appeared in this film, she had to add an accent in several retakes to sound more like the Swedish Anna.[3]

George F. Marion performed the role of Anna's father in the original Broadway production and in both the 1923 and 1930 film adaptations.

In addition to the English and German-language version of this film, a silent version with titles was also made.[4]

Plot[edit]

Chris Christofferson (George F. Marion), the alcoholic skipper of a coal barge in New York, receives a letter from his estranged twenty-year-old daughter Anna "Christie" Christofferson (Greta Garbo), telling him that she'll be leaving Minnesota to stay with him. Chris left Anna to be raised by relatives on a St. Paul farm 15 years before, and hasn't seen her since.

Anna arrives an emotionally wounded woman with a dishonorable, hidden past: she has worked in a brothel for two years. One night, Chris rescues Matt (Charles Bickford) and two other displaced sailors from the sea. Anna and Matt soon fall in love and Anna has the best days of her life. But when Matt proposes to her, she is reluctant and haunted by her recent past. Matt insists and compels Anna to tell him the truth. She opens her heart to Matt and her father, disclosing her dark secrets.

Cast[edit]

Academy Award nominations[edit]

Anna Christie was the highest-grossing film of 1930 and received the following Academy Award nominations:[5]

German-language version[edit]

In the early years of sound films, it was common for Hollywood studios to produce foreign-language versions of their films using the same sets and sometimes the same costumes. Native speakers of the language usually replaced some or all of the original cast. While many of those versions no longer exist, the German-language version of Anna Christie survives. Directed by Jacques Feyder and filmed at MGM in July and August of 1930 (the English-language version had been filmed in October and November of 1929),[6] it also stars Garbo as Anna, but with Theo Shall, Hans Junkermann and Salka Viertel playing Matt, Chris and Marthy. Garbo's famous first line became "Whisky – aber nicht zu knapp!" ("Whiskey, but not too short"). The English and German-language versions grossed a combined total of $1,499,000.

Later critical opinion[edit]

Despite its historic significance as Garbo's first talking film, in 1962 film historian Richard Schickel described the film as "dull", with Marie Dressler providing "the only vitality in an otherwise static and ludicrous" film.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quigley Publishing Company "The All Time Best Sellers", International Motion Picture Almanac 1937-38 (1938) p 942 accessed 19 April 2014
  2. ^ Háy, Peter (1991). MGM: When the Lion Roars. Atlanta: Turner Publishing, Inc. p. 68. ISBN 1-878685-04-X. 
  3. ^ Hay, p. 72
  4. ^ Alan Gevinson (1 October 1997). American Film Institute catalog. University of California Press. pp. 37–. ISBN 978-0-520-20964-0. Retrieved 17 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Osborne, Robert (1994). 65 Years of the Oscar: The Official History of the Academy Awards. London: Abbeville Press. p. 25. ISBN 1-55859-715-8. 
  6. ^ Vieira, Mark A. (2005). Greta Garbo: a cinematic legacy. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. See pps. 107-109 and p. 117 re production dates.
  7. ^ Schickel, Richard (1962). The Stars. New York: Bonanza Books, a division of Crown Publishers, Inc. p. 134. 

External links[edit]