Argentina–Spain relations

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Argentine-Spanish relations
Map indicating locations of Argentina and Spain

Argentina

Spain

Argentina–Spain relations refers to the bilateral relationship between the Argentine Republic and the Kingdom of Spain.

History of diplomatic relations[edit]

Eva Perón in Spain; 1947
Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner with former Spanish King Juan Carlos I in 2009

In 1516, the first Spanish expedition to visit what is now Argentina was led by the explorer Juan Díaz de Solís. In 1536, the first Spanish settlement was created in the Río de la Plata basin. Since then, Argentina was formally incorporated into the Viceroyalty of Peru governed from Lima under the Spanish crown. In 1776, the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was created with the head of government placed in Buenos Aires. In 1810, Argentina declared its independence from Spain and the country officially obtained its independence in 1824. In 1863, a Treaty of Peace and Amity was signed between the two nations.[1]

Since obtaining independence from Spain, diplomatic relations between the two nations have been stable. During the Spanish civil war, Argentina remained neutral and gave asylum to any Spanish citizen requesting it without regards to whether they were Republicans or Franquistas.[2] At the end of the war, Argentina maintained diplomatic relations with the government of General Francisco Franco. Maintaining diplomatic relations allowed for the first lady of Argentina Eva Perón to visit Spain in 1947 and donate five million tons of food to the Spanish people.[3]

After the death of General Franco in Spain in 1975, Argentina entered a period of military dictatorship between 1976–1983. In 1982, Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, also known as the Malvinas in Spanish. Spain recognized and supported the claims of Argentine territorial rights over the islands. In 2012, British documents were made declassified and stated that Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher feared that during the Falkland war, Spain would join Argentina by invading Gibraltar. [4]

A dispute arose in 2012, when Argentina sought to nationalize YPF as Spain warned against such a move.[5] On 16 April, Argentina's President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner announced the nationalization, to which Spain warned of a "clear and decisive" response.[6] Since then, Argentina has recompensed the Spanish government over the take over of YPF.[7]

Both nations are members of the Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.

Resident diplomatic relations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]