Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs
|Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs
Assistant Secretary of Defense flag
|Department of Defense|
|Reports to||Secretary of Defense
Deputy Secretary of Defense
|Seat||The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, USA|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||10 U.S.C. § 138|
|First holder||Murray Snyder|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level IV|
The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, or ASD(PA) is the principal staff advisor and assistant to the Secretary of Defense and Deputy Secretary of Defense for public information, internal information, community relations, information training, and audiovisual matters in support of Department of Defense activities, leading a worldwide public affairs community of some 3,800 military and civilian personnel. The Assistant Secretary follows the Secretary's Principles of Information in providing Defense Department information to the public, the United States Congress and the media.
The ASD (PA) is the principal but not the sole spokesperson for the Department. In July 2011, the ASD (PA) announced the appointment of two additional spokespersons for the Department. George E. Little, one of two Deputy Assistant Secretaries of Defense for Public Affairs, serves concurrently as the Pentagon Press Secretary. Navy Captain John Kirby, former spokesman for Admiral Michael Mullen, the former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, now serves as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Media Operations and Spokesman. Both Little and Kirby serve as spokesmen for the Secretary of Defense and for the Department.
Roles and Responsibilities
The ASD(PA) manages the following critical functions: community and public outreach, press operations, speechwriting, news analysis, communications planning. The ASD(PA):
- Serves as the principal spokesperson for the Department of Defense and is the sole release authority for official DoD information to news media representatives.
- Ensures free flow of information to the news media, service members and families, Congress, partners, and the general public at large.
- Develops and maintains relationships with the news media based on trust and integrity, on behalf of the Department leadership, to ensure honest forthright reporting about the Department.
- Provides the critical link between DoD and the American people to ensure the efforts of service members are told in a timely and accurate manner and that information is only constrained by national security requirements.
- Responsible for ensuring media representatives are given maximum access to ongoing military operations, including in Iraq and Afghanistan, to provide fair and accurate reporting.
- Develops communications policies, plans, and programs in support of DoD objectives and operations.
- Integrates social and online media tools into the department’s communication strategy to maximize our ability to communicate timely information to traditional and non-traditional audiences.
In addition, the ASD(PA) exercises authority, direction, and control over the Defense Media Activity (DMA). DMA provides news and information to our over one million service members stationed at home and around the world via broadcast, radio, web, and periodicals. DMA also trains DoD and other Federal Department public affairs professionals.
The ASD(PA) is supported by the following divisions:
- Provides expert advice and counsel to the Secretary of Defense, the Deputy Secretary, the Under Secretaries and every key organization with the DoD to ensure timely and accurate information is provided to the media, Congress, and the public at large.
- In 2010, conducted more than 200 press briefings in the Pentagon Briefing Room per year including 13 briefings by the Secretary of Defense; supported 41 press briefings during Secretary of Defense travels.
- Coordinates and releases approximately 1,250 news releases/advisories a year.
- Arranges more than 1,200 media interviews and responded to thousands of queries, resulting in a countless number of press articles, broadcasts, and online media postings.
- Provides guidance to the communications shops for all the Services, CoComs and Under Secretaries of Defense on media issues to include formal exercise and contingency operations public affairs guidance.
- Publishes the Early Bird, a daily representative, balanced and impartial sampling of articles, broadcast segments, and online reporting/commentary reflecting important developments about the Department.
- Ensures this daily news compendium remains useful to senior DoD decision makers and that it adapts to the changing news media landscape.
- Prepares more than 50 major speeches and congressional testimonies each year to communicate the Secretary’s goals and priorities for the Department in a way that has impact in the media, the general public and within the U.S. military.
Communications Planning and Integration (CPI)
- Interfaces with planners in OSD Policy, Joint Staff, Combatant Commands, military services, and the inter-agency to develop communication plans and strategies that accurately reflect U.S. policy goals, objectives and facts.
- Serves as the key communication planning integrator for the DoD and serves as its lead on communication planning interactions with other U.S. Government elements.
- Maintains engagement with more than 200 national, regional and local nonprofit organizations that support our service members and military families and provides guidance and counsel to worldwide DoD offices overseeing 2,300 Family Readiness volunteers and coordinators.
- Receives and responds to over 50,000 public queries annually via web, phone, hard copy letters; responds to 2,900 annual public requests for commercial use of DoD imagery.
- Responds to approximately 800 queries per year from non-profit/VSO leadership, congressional offices.
- Conducts the Pentagon tour program for 136,000 visitors per year.
- Conducts the Joint Civilian Orientation Conference (JCOC), a twice annual five-day program that connects prominent business and community leaders with senior military officials and troops on the ground.
- Communicates messages from senior DoD leaders to support and improve quality of life and morale, promote situational awareness, provide timely and immediate force protection information, and sustain readiness. DMA consists of 2,400 employees and has an annual budget of more than $200 million to provide the following services:
- American Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS) broadcasts multiple television and radio channels providing a “touch of home" for nearly one million members of the military and their families deployed or stationed in 177 countries to include in Afghanistan and Iraq and aboard Navy ships.
- American Forces Press Service covers and produces print and imagery products covering DoD, JCS, Combatant Command events, news, and information that are posted continuously in real-time to the primary DoD public web sites.
- Stars and Stripes is a news and information organization that serves military audiences world-wide. Annual distribution of the newspaper is 33 million copies. Stripes is a journalistic and editorially independent publication provided free to deployed troops.
- The Pentagon Channel (TPC) provides continuous television coverage of DoD senior leader events, policies, and programs through cable and satellite service to 30 million households in the United States.
- Defense Visual Imagery Management Operations Center (DIMOC) collects, distributes and archives on a real-time basis combat camera still and motion imagery depicting U.S. military activities and operations worldwide.
- Defense Information School provides initial and advanced public affairs and visual information training for military and civilian students of all Services and International partners. DINFOS has an annual student load of more than 3200 students and 30 courses of study.
- Public Web supports and manages the hosting for nearly 600 OSD, JCS, Combatant Command, and Military Service public-facing web sites.
This position was originally established as the Assistant to the Secretary (Director, Office of Public Information) by Secretary James V. Forrestal in July 1948. After Reorganization Plan No.6 of 30 June 1953 increased the number of assistant secretaries, Defense Directive 5122.1 of September 1953 redesignated the post as Assistant Secretary of Defense (Legislative and Public Affairs) 
This position was abolished in February 1957, and functions were divided between two new posts, the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs) and an Assistant Secretary of Defense (Legislative Affairs). ASD(PA) was established by Defense Directive 5105.13 of 10 August 1957.
In 1993, the position was changed to Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, by Defense Directive 5122.5. This bureaucratic distinction was dropped after the National Defense Authorization Act for FY1995 (P.L. 103-337) increased the number of assistant secretaries from 10 to 11. Today, the post is titled Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs), referred to as the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, and abbreviated as ASD(PA).
The table below includes both the various titles of this post over time, as well as all the holders of those offices.
|Name||Tenure||SecDef(s) Served Under||President(s) Served Under|
|Assistant to the Secretary (Director, Office of Public Information)|
|Harold B. Hinton||July 19, 1948 - March 12, 1949||James V. Forrestal||Harry Truman|
|William Frye||March 12, 1949 - February 19, 1950||James V. Forrestal
Louis A. Johnson
|Osgood Roberts (Acting)||February 20, 1950 - January 24, 1951||Louis A. Johnson
George C. Marshall
|Clayton Fritchey||January 25, 1951 - June 1, 1952||George C. Marshall
Robert A. Lovett
|Andrew H. Berding||July 1, 1952 - November 18, 1953||Robert A. Lovett
Charles E. Wilson
|Assistant Secretary of Defense (Legislative and Public Affairs)|
|Frederick A. Seaton||September 15, 1953 - February 20, 1955||Charles E. Wilson||Dwight Eisenhower|
|Robert Tripp Ross||March 15, 1955 - February 20, 1957||Charles E. Wilson||Dwight Eisenhower|
|Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs)|
|Murray Snyder||March 21, 1957 - January 20, 1961||Charles E. Wilson
Neil H. McElroy
Thomas S. Gates
|Arthur Sylvester||January 20, 1961 - February 3, 1967||Robert S. McNamara||John F. Kennedy
|Philip G. Goulding||February 28, 1967 - January 20, 1969||Robert S. McNamara
Clark M. Clifford
|Daniel Z. Henkin||January 20, 1969 - May 25, 1969 (Acting)
May 25, 1969 - January 20, 1973
|Melvin R. Laird||Richard Nixon|
|Jerry W. Friedheim||January 20, 1973 - April 13, 1973 (Acting)
April 13, 1973 - September 20, 1974
|Melvin R. Laird
Elliot L. Richardson
James R. Schlesinger
|William Beecher (Acting)||September 21, 1974 - February 11, 1975||James R. Schlesinger||Gerald Ford|
|Joseph Laitin||February 12, 1975 - December 19, 1975||James R. Schlesinger
Donald H. Rumsfeld
|William I. Greener, Jr.||December 21, 1975 - July 31, 1976||Donald H. Rumsfeld||Gerald Ford|
|M. Alan Woods||August 6, 1976 - January 21, 1977||Donald H. Rumsfeld||Gerald Ford|
|Thomas B. Ross||March 7, 1977 - January 20, 1981||Harold Brown||Jimmy Carter|
|Henry E. Catto, Jr.||May 22, 1981 - September 16, 1983||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Benjamin Welles (Acting)||September 17, 1983 - November 1, 1983||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Mary Lou Sheils (Acting)||November 2, 1983 - November 22, 1983||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Michael I. Burch||November 23, 1983 - June 22, 1985||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Fred Hoffman (Acting)||June 23, 1985 - October 1, 1985||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Robert B. Sims||October 18, 1985 - September 20, 1987||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Fred Hoffman (Acting)||September 21, 1987 - February 2, 1988||Caspar W. Weinberger
Frank C. Carlucci III
|J. Daniel Howard||February 3, 1988 - March 21, 1989||Frank C. Carlucci III
William H. Taft IV (Acting)
George H. W. Bush
|Louis A. "Pete" Williams||May 22, 1989 - January 20, 1993||Richard B. Cheney||George H. W. Bush|
|Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs)|
|Vernon A. Guidry, Jr.||January 22, 1993 - July 18, 1993||Leslie Aspin, Jr.||Bill Clinton|
|Kathleen deLaski||July 19, 1993 - August 5, 1994||Leslie Aspin, Jr.
William J. Perry
|Kenneth H. Bacon||September 20, 1994 - March 29, 1996||William J. Perry||Bill Clinton|
|Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs)|
|Kenneth H. Bacon||March 29, 1996 - January 19, 2001||William J. Perry
William S. Cohen
|Victoria Clarke||May 22, 2001 - June 20, 2003||Donald H. Rumsfeld||George W. Bush|
|Lawrence Di Rita (Acting)||August 10, 2003 - September 22, 2005||Donald H. Rumsfeld||George W. Bush|
|J. Dorrance Smith||January 5, 2006 - January 20, 2009||Donald H. Rumsfeld
Robert M. Gates
|George W. Bush|
|Robert T. Hastings, Jr. (Acting)||March 10, 2008 - March 31, 2009||Robert M. Gates||George W. Bush|
|Douglas B. Wilson ||February 11, 2010 -||Robert M. Gates||Barack Obama|
The annual budget for ASD(PA) is contained in the OSD's budget, under the Defense-Wide Operation and Maintenance (O&M) account. The Obama administration is expecting funding to stay relatively constant for this position in FY12.
|Line Item||FY11 Estimate||FY12 Estimate|
|Assistant Secretary of Defense, Public Affairs||7,253||7,079|
- 5 U.S.C. § 5315
- "Department of Defense Key Officials". Historical Office, OSD. 2004. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- The President & His Leadership Team, http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/results/leadership/bio_878.html
- Douglas Wilson biography, DoD http://www.defense.gov/bios/biographydetail.aspx?biographyid=244
- "Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD)". Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), OSD. 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-29.