Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
|Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
Flag of an Under Secretary of Defense
(formal address in writing)
|Department||Office of the Secretary of Defense|
|Reports to||Secretary of Defense
Deputy Secretary of Defense
with the advice and consent of the Senate
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Inaugural holder||Stanley Rogers Resor|
|Succession||6th in SecDef succession|
|Deputy||The Principal Deputy Under Secretary|
|Salary||Level III of the Executive Schedule|
The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USDP) is a high level civilian official in the United States Department of Defense. The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy is the principal staff assistant and adviser to both the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Defense for all matters concerning the formation of national security and defense policy.
The position was created by President Jimmy Carter in October 1977.
Dr. James N. Miller was Senate Confirmed on 24 May 2012 as the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USDP). Dr. James N. Miller was originally appointed by President Barack Obama and Senate Confirmed in February 2009 as the Principal Deputy Assistant Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (PDUSDP). Upon departure of the former USDP, Ms. Michèle Flournoy, Dr. James N. Miller was selected as replacement for the outgoing incumbent and is currently serving as USDP.
The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy is the principal staff element of the Secretary of Defense in the exercise of policy development, planning, resource management, fiscal, and program evaluation responsibilities.
With the rank of Under Secretary, the USD(P) is a Level III position within the Executive Schedule. Since January 2010, the annual rate of pay for Level III is $165,300.
Officials reporting to the USD(P) include:
- Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
- Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Integration & Chief of Staff
- Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Strategy, Plans, & Forces
- Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
- Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs
- Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas' Security Affairs
- Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations/Low Intensity Conflict & Interdependent Capabilities
- Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs
- Director, Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office
- Representative to the Post-START Negotiations
The annual budget for the USD(P) is contained in the OSD's budget, under the Defense-Wide Operation and Maintenance (O&M) account. According to official projections, the budget for USD(P) is expected to see substantial cutbacks in FY11 and FY12.
|Line Item||FY10 Actual||FY11 Estimate||FY12 Request|
|Core OSD Operating Program|
|Civilian Pay and Benefits, USD (P)||65,278||69,044||72,577|
|Defense Critical Infrastructure Protection||18,253||17,475||9,032|
|Global Threat Management||11,397||10,731||3,636|
|Homeland Defense Support Activities||11,276||13,534||10,705|
|Policy Planning and Integration||18,473||17,818||5,553|
|Regional Security Affairs||9,716||9,257||4,691|
|US Mission to NATO||6,415||6,615||3,319|
|Warfighting Support Activities||8,253||7,473||6,266|
|Overseas Contingency Operations|
|OCO OUSD (Policy)||44,243||0||0|
- Defense Critical Infrastructure Program (DCIP): Oversees policy formulation and strategic planning for the Defense Critical Infrastructure Program, to include the Defense Industrial Base, which provides defense-related products and services that are essential to equip; mobilize; deploy and sustain military operations, enabling the Warfighter to minimize risk. Ensures the resiliency of networked infrastructure assets, whether owned or operated by the DoD or private industry, that are critical to executing military missions. Activities include the identification, assessment, monitoring, and risk management of cyber and physical infrastructure assets critical to the execution of the National Military Strategy. DCIP is run under the auspices of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas' Security Affairs, where it is overseen by the DASD, Homeland Defense Strategy and Force Planning.
- Global Threat Management: Provides policy, guidance and oversight on existential threats, supranational threats and non-state actor threats. OUSD(P) fulfills this global mission by crafting and implementing initiatives to expand cultural understanding throughout the world in governed and ungoverned areas to aid in preventing the expansion of terrorist cells. Utilizes table top exercises to enable Members of Congress, Administration Officials, and DoD personnel to form strategies in addressing catastrophic security events. Active research and involvement in the ever-changing cyber environment to protect security assets and prevent sophisticated threats in cyberspace from adversaries domestic and foreign. This funding appears to primarily support the programs of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs.
- Homeland Defense Support Activities: Formulates policy and conducts DoD strategic planning for homeland defense and defense support of civil authorities, including installation preparedness; CBRNE preparedness and consequence management; border security and National Security Special Events. Supports the U.S. Northern Command in homeland defense strategy, and enhances the U.S. Southern Command mission through engagement with the ministries of defense of Western Hemisphere nations. It supervises intradepartmental and inter-agency coordination of the above issues. Conducts oversight of DoD processes to exercise force readiness through the National Exercise Program. Manages defense continuity and conducts crisis management. This funding appears to primarily support the programs of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas' Security Affairs.
- Policy Planning and Integration: OUSD(P) coordinates activities to aid in formulating strategies for DoD programs at national and international levels. This involves establishing and monitoring strategic direction, planning and force development as laid out in reporting documents such as the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and Defense Planning and Programming Guidance (DPPG). OUSD(P) ensures decisions are not made in a vacuum by integrating policies and resources related to humanitarian efforts and their compliance with international laws. Initiates crisis decision-making in an interagency setting; creates forums to explore emerging national security issues; and examines the capabilities and limitations of national power through various instruments. Funding allows interagency integration and coordination to determine requirements for potential dual-use application of Defense assets.
- Regional Security Affairs: Provides analysis of management of cultural situations in nation states and oversight to military joint ventures and cooperative DoD-Foreign government programs including educational, training, and developmental opportunities. Using a variety of resources, maintains regional expertise to support DoD leadership in forming and implementing strategies and contributes to coordinating holistic government engagement in programs and policies. Regional expertise provides the ability to: monitor and solve security cooperation issues, effectively execute coalition management, monitor international security operations, and further develop cooperative relations with foreign countries. This funding appears to primarily support the programs of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs and Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
- Rewards Program: Provides funds to publicize the program and pay rewards for information to disrupt international terrorist activities.
- Travel: This funding supports travel in support of the OUSD(P) mission.
- US Mission to NATO: Funding provides regional stability interface with US allies, NATO resolution of regional conflicts, response to terrorism and unstable conditions in fragile and failed nation states that include NATO involvement, weapons of mass destruction bilateral measures, and support of overseas facilities.
- Warfighting Support Activities: OUSD(P) provides resources to orchestrate the development of special technologies and capabilities. It sustains these efforts by conducting in-depth analyses of the assignment of additional military and civilian personnel to long-term, non-intelligence positions in high-priority countries. Prepares the military for confronting threats in culturally diverse countries, supports policies and strategies that develop skills unique to counterinsurgency and stabilization efforts; reinforces and builds international support over shared security concerns, homeland security, counterterrorism and other critical nation alliances, and promotes humanitarian activities through military resources in a non-combative manner. Provides funds to pay rewards for information to disrupt international terrorist activities and enhance US security capabilities. This funding appears to primarily support the programs of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations/Low Intensity Conflict & Interdependent Capabilities
|Portrait||Name||Date Appointed*||Tenure||SecDef(s) Served Under||President(s) Served Under|
|Stanley Rogers Resor||July 12, 1978||August 14, 1978 - April 1, 1979||Harold Brown||Jimmy Carter|
|Robert W. Komer||September 27, 1979||October 24, 1979 - January 20, 1981||Harold Brown||Jimmy Carter|
|Fred C. Ikle||-||April 2, 1981 - February 19, 1988||Caspar W. Weinberger
Frank C. Carlucci III
|Paul Wolfowitz||-||May 15, 1989 - January 19, 1993||Richard B. Cheney||George H.W. Bush|
|Frank G. Wisner||February 23, 1993||July 6, 1993 - June 9, 1994||Leslie Aspin, Jr.
William J. Perry
|Walter B. Slocombe||July 13, 1994||September 15, 1994 - January 19, 2001||William J. Perry
William S. Cohen
|Douglas Feith||April 30, 2001||July 16, 2001 - August 8, 2005||Donald H. Rumsfeld||George W. Bush|
|Eric S. Edelman||August 9, 2005||February 9, 2006 - January 20, 2009||Donald H. Rumsfeld
Robert M. Gates
|George W. Bush|
|Michele Flournoy ||January 8, 2009||February 9, 2009 - February 3, 2012||Robert M. Gates
|James N. Miller||February 18, 2012||February 18, 2012 - Incumbent||Leon Panetta
The Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy is the chief staff assistant to the USD(P). Originally established as the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Policy) by the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 1992-93 (P.L. 102-190), the post was re-designated Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Policy), or PDUSD(P) in December 1999 by DoD Directive 5111.3. The PDUSD(P) provides advice and assistance to the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and USD(P) on national security policy, military strategy, and defense policy.
|Name||Tenure||USD(P) Served Under||SecDef(s) Served Under||President(s) Served Under|
|I. Lewis Libby||August 12, 1992 - January 10, 1993||Paul Wolfowitz||Richard B. Cheney||George H.W. Bush|
|Walter B. Slocombe||June 1, 1993 - September 14, 1994||Frank G. Wisner||Leslie Aspin, Jr.
William J. Perry
|Jan M. Lodal||October 3, 1994 - September 30, 1998||Walter B. Slocombe||William J. Perry
William S. Cohen
|James M. Bodner||October 1, 1998 - January 19, 2001||Walter B. Slocombe||William S. Cohen||Bill Clinton|
|Stephen A. Cambone||July 25, 2001 - July 1, 2002||Douglas Feith||Donald H. Rumsfeld||George W. Bush|
|Christopher "Ryan" Henry||February 7, 2003 - August 2008||Douglas Feith
Eric S. Edelman
|Donald H. Rumsfeld
Robert M. Gates
|George W. Bush|
|James N. Miller||April 2, 2009 - February 18, 2012||Michele Flournoy||Robert M. Gates||Barack Obama|
Notes and references
- DoD Biography http://www.defense.gov/bios/biographydetail.aspx?biographyid=182
- "Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD)". Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), OSD. 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
- Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.664
- Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.687-8
- Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.714
- "Department of Defense Key Officials". Historical Office, OSD. 2004. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- Moore, Sara (January 16, 2009). "Defense Policy Nominee Pledges Work on Iraq, Afghanistan, National Security". American Forces Press Service. Retrieved 21 January 2009.