BMW 3 Series (E36)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
BMW 3 Series (E36)
1998 BMW 328i.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production 1990–2000
Model years

1991–1998 Europe[1]

1992—1999 US & Canada
Assembly Munich, Germany
Toluca, Mexico (BMW de México)
Cairo, Egypt[2] (Modern Motors)
Greer, South Carolina, United States (BMW US Mfg. Comp.)
Designer Boyke Boyer, Joji Nagashima (1988)[3]
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door convertible
4-door saloon
5-door estate
3-door hatchback
Layout FR layout
Related BMW M3
BMW Z3
Powertrain
Engine Petrol Engines:
1.6L I4 8 valve
1.8L I4 8 valve
1.8L I4 16 valve
1.9L I4 16 valve
2.0L I6 24 valve
2.5L I6 24 valve
2.8L I6 24 valve
3.0L I6 24 valve
3.2L I6 24 valve
Diesel Engines:
1.7L I4 Turbodiesel
2.5L I6 Turbodiesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 106.3 in (2,700 mm)
Length saloon & 1996-98 Coupe: 174.5 in (4,432 mm)
Coupe & Convertible: 174.5 in (4,432 mm)
Compact: 165.7 in (4,209 mm)
Width 1992-95 saloon: 66.8 in (1,697 mm)
Coupe & 1996-98 saloon: 66.9 in (1,699 mm)
Convertible: 67.3 in (1,709 mm)
Compact: 66.9 in (1,699 mm)
Height saloon: 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
Coupe: 53.8 in (1,367 mm)
Convertible: 53.1 in (1,349 mm)
Compact: 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor BMW E30
Successor BMW E46

The BMW E36 is the third generation of the 3 Series compact executive cars produced by BMW. Development began in 1983, with final design being approved in 1988. It was introduced in late 1990 (as a 1991 model[citation needed]) for Europe and in April 1991 (as a 1992 model) for US and Canada. It was the successor to the E30 3 Series and was eventually replaced by the E46 3 Series in 1998, though E36 coupes were still produced for the 1999 model year. The E36 experienced enormous success in the market. It laid strong foundations for the success that the BMW E46 enjoyed in subsequent years.

Also known as the "dolphin shape", the E36 was sold from 1991 through 1999. All E36 saloons, coupes, and estates employed the "Z-axle" multilink suspension in the rear which had been proven in the Z1. There was a hatchback body style, known as the E36/5 or BMW Compact. In order to save space due to its truncated rear end, the Compact used a rear semi-trailing arm suspension based on the older E30 (also found in the Z3 and M Coupe), instead of the Z-Axle Multilink employed in all other E36's.

In the United States, the four-door E36 were on sale by April 1991, while the E30 coupes were retained until well into 1992 when they were replaced by E36 coupes. The E36 convertible was delayed until 1993.

The hatchback body style, known as the BMW Compact, was introduced in 1995 starting with the 318ti, being very popular in Europe but largely unsuccessful in North America. The "Touring" estate was sold in Europe from 1995, but was not available in the United States.

DOHC engines were used across the range (except in entry level models, see table below), with VANOS variable valve timing introduced in 1993. The 2.5 L M50B25 used in the 325i models was replaced in 1996 with the 2.8 L M52B28, creating the 328 line. Another 2.5 L I6 engine, the M52B25, was reintroduced for 1998 but badged as the 323i rather than 325i. The E36 was the first vehicle to offer a 5-speed automatic transmission, 5HP18 made by ZF. For every year of its production, the E36 was named in Car and Driver Magazine's "10 Best Cars" list (see Car and Driver Ten Best), unlike the E30, which was never listed in the 10Best.

International models[edit]

Each model is followed by its particular engine code.

Sedans[edit]

Name Volume Engine Valvetrain Fuel Output Torque Engine code 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Years
316i 1,596 cc (1.596 L; 97.4 cu in) 4cyl SOHC 8V Gasoline 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) @5500 rpm
102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5500 rpm
141 N·m (104 lb·ft) @4250 rpm
150 N·m (110 lb·ft) @3900 rpm
M40B16
M43B16
12.9
12.7
191 km/h (119 mph)
195 km/h (121 mph)
1990–1993
1994–1998
318i 1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in) 4cyl SOHC 8V Gasoline 113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp) @5500 rpm
115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @5500 rpm
162 N·m (119 lb·ft) @4250 rpm
168 N·m (124 lb·ft) @3900 rpm
M40B18
M43B18
11.2
11.0
198 km/h (123 mph)
208 km/h (129 mph)
1990–1993
1993–1998
318is 1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in)
1,895 cc (1.895 L; 115.6 cu in)
4cyl DOHC 16V Gasoline 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @6000 rpm 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @4500 rpm
180 N·m (130 lb·ft) @4300 rpm
M42B18
M44B19
9.9 215 km/h (134 mph) 1992–1995
1995–1998
320i 1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Gasoline 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5900 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4700 rpm
190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4200 rpm
M50B20
M52B20
9.8
9.8
221 km/h (137 mph) 1991–1994
1994–1998
323i 2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Gasoline 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5500 rpm 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @3950 rpm M52B25 8.2 232 km/h (144 mph) 1995–1998
325i 2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Gasoline 192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) @5900 rpm 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @4700 rpm
245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @4200 rpm
M50B25
M50B25
7.5
7.5
260 km/h (160 mph) 1991–1993
1993–1995
328i 2,793 cc (2.793 L; 170.4 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Gasoline 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @5300 rpm 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @3950 rpm M52B28 6.9 240 km/h (150 mph) 1995–1998
M3 2,990 cc (2.99 L; 182 cu in)
3,201 cc (3.201 L; 195.3 cu in)
6cyl DOHC 24V Gasoline 290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp) @7000 rpm
321 PS (236 kW; 317 hp) @7400 rpm
320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @3600 rpm
350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @3250 rpm
S50B30
S50B32
5.6
5.4
280 km/h (170 mph) 1992–1995
1995–1998
318tds 1,665 cc (1.665 L; 101.6 cu in) 4cyl SOHC 8V Diesel 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4400 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @2000 rpm M41D17 13.0 182 km/h (113 mph) 1994–1998
325td 2,498 cc (2.498 L; 152.4 cu in) 6cyl SOHC 12V Diesel 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @4800 rpm 222 N·m (164 lb·ft) @2000 rpm
230 N·m (170 lb·ft) @1900 rpm
M51D25
M51D25
12.0 198 km/h (123 mph) 1991–1996
1996–1998
325tds 2,498 cc (2.498 L; 152.4 cu in) 6cyl SOHC 12V Diesel 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) @4800 rpm
143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) @4600 rpm
260 N·m (190 lb·ft) @2200 rpm
280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @2200 rpm
M51D25
M51D25
9.9 214 km/h (133 mph) 1993–1996
1996–1998

Coupes and Compacts[edit]

Name Volume Engine Valvetrain Fuel Output Torque Engine code 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Years
316i 1,596 cc (1.596 L; 97.4 cu in) 4cyl SOHC 8V Petrol 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5500 rpm 150 N·m (110 lb·ft) @3900 rpm M43B16 12.0 201 km/h (125 mph) 1993–1998
318is 1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in)
1,895 cc (1.895 L; 115.6 cu in)
4cyl DOHC 16V Petrol 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @6000 rpm 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @4500 rpm
180 N·m (130 lb·ft) @4300 rpm
M42B18
M44B19
10.1 215 km/h (134 mph) 1992–1996
1996–1999
320i 1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5900 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4700 rpm
190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4200 rpm
M50B20
M52B20
9.9
9.8
218 km/h (135 mph) 1992–1993
1993–1999
323i 2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5500 rpm 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @3950 rpm M52B25 7.9 227 km/h (141 mph) 1995–1999
325i 2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) @5900 rpm 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @4200 rpm M50B25 7.5 233 km/h (145 mph) 1992–1995
328is 2,793 cc (2.793 L; 170.4 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @5300 rpm 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @3950 rpm M52B28 6.7 236 km/h (147 mph) 1995–1999
M3 2,990 cc (2.99 L; 182 cu in)
3,201 cc (3.201 L; 195.3 cu in)
6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp) @7000 rpm
321 PS (236 kW; 317 hp) @7400 rpm
323 N·m (238 lb·ft) @3900 rpm
350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @3250 rpm
S50B30
S50B32
5.4
250 km/h (160 mph) 1993–1995
1995–1999

Convertibles (Cabriolets)[edit]

Name Volume Engine Valvetrain Fuel Output Torque Engine code 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Years
318i 1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in) 4cyl DOHC 16V Petrol 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @5500 rpm 168 N·m (124 lb·ft) @3900 rpm M42B18 11.5 194 km/h (121 mph) 1994–1998
320i 1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5900 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4700 rpm M50B20 10.6 211 km/h (131 mph) 1993–1996
323i 2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5900 rpm 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @3950 rpm M52B25 9.6 211 km/h (131 mph) 1994–1999
325i 2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) @5900 rpm 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @4200 rpm M50B25 8.6 229 km/h (142 mph) 1993–1995
328i 2,793 cc (2.793 L; 170.4 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @5300 rpm 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @3950 rpm M52B28 7.7 230 km/h (140 mph) 1995–1999
M3 3,201 cc (3.201 L; 195.3 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 321 PS (236 kW; 317 hp) @7400 rpm 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @3250 rpm S50B32 5.6 250 km/h (160 mph) 1996–1999

Touring (Wagons)[edit]

Name Volume Engine Valvetrain Fuel Output Torque Engine code 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Years
316i 1,596 cc (1.596 L; 97.4 cu in) 4cyl SOHC 8V Petrol 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5500 rpm 150 N·m (110 lb·ft) @3900 rpm M43B16 13.2 191 km/h (119 mph) 1997–1999
318i 1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in) 4cyl SOHC 8V Petrol 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @5500 rpm 168 N·m (124 lb·ft) @3900 rpm M43B18 11.7 197 km/h (122 mph) 1995–1999
320i 1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5900 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4200 rpm M52B20 10.2 212 km/h (132 mph) 1995–1999
323i 2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5500 rpm 245 N·m (181 lb·ft) @3950 rpm M52B25 8.3 223 km/h (139 mph) 1996–1999
328i 2,793 cc (2.793 L; 170.4 cu in) 6cyl DOHC 24V Petrol 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @5300 rpm 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @3950 rpm M52B28 7.0 230 km/h (140 mph) 1995–1999
318tds 1,665 cc (1.665 L; 101.6 cu in) 4cyl SOHC 8V Diesel 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4400 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @2000 rpm M41D17 14.5 179 km/h (111 mph) 1995–1999
325tds 2,498 cc (2.498 L; 152.4 cu in) 6cyl SOHC 12V Diesel 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) @4800 rpm 260 N·m (190 lb·ft) @2200 rpm M51D25 10.5 206 km/h (128 mph) 1995–1996
325tds 2,498 cc (2.498 L; 152.4 cu in) 6cyl SOHC 12V Diesel 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) @4600 rpm 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @2200 rpm M51D25 10.5 206 km/h (128 mph) 1996–1999

Compact[edit]

Name Volume Engine Valvetrain Fuel Output Torque Engine code 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Years
316i 1,596 cc (1.596 L; 97.4 cu in) 4cyl SOHC 8V Petrol 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5500 rpm 150 N·m (110 lb·ft) @3900 rpm M43B16 11.8 202 km/h (126 mph) 1994–1999

Thailand[edit]

The BMW E36 3-series was imported as a full CBU (Complete Built Up) car. Popular models included the 316i "Compact" 3-door and 318i saloon. During that time, BMW advertised that the full BMW lineup was available with ABS brakes and driver side airbags. Between 1995 and 1999, the Thai market lineup included an exclusive 2.4L version of the M52 engine with 184 hp (135 Kw).

Indonesia[edit]

In Indonesia, only the 318i, 320i and 323i models were available.

Malaysia[edit]

In Malaysia, only the 318i, 325i and 328i models were available.

US/Canada models[edit]

An E36 in service with the Georgia State Patrol.
  • 318i, 318is, 318ic (1992–1995) M42B18
  • 318ti (1994–1996) M42B18
  • 318i, 318ti (1996–1998) M44B19
  • 320i (1993-1995) M50TUB20 (Canada only)
  • 323i (1996–1998) M52B25
  • 323is, 323ic (1996–1999) M52B25
  • 325i, 325is, 325ic (1992) M50B25
  • 325i, 325is, 325ic (1993–1995) M50TUB25
  • 328i (1996–1998) M52B28
  • 328is, 328ic (1996–1999) M52B28
  • M3 (1995-1999 coupe, 1997-1998 sedan, 1998-1999 convertible) S50B30US (1995) and S52B32 (1996–1999)

Other platform applications[edit]

316 Coupe 1.6 L engine

BMW made an entry level version of the E36 called the BMW Compact, a three-door hatchback. This platform is often referred to as the E36/5. In the United States/Canada market the car was sold as the 318ti and was equipped with a 1.8L I4, 139 bhp (104 kW; 141 PS) M42B18 engine and was priced at USD23,000 in 1995. In 1996 the 1.8 liter engine was replaced with 1.9L M44B19 putting out 142 bhp (106 kW; 144 PS) and 133 ft·lbf (180 N·m) of torque. Ostensibly due to slow US sales of the E36/5 Compact, the E46 Compact was not sold in the United States.

A modified version of the E36 platform designated as E36/7 was used for the BMW Z3 roadster in 1996-2002. The modification for the BMW Z3 Coupe was designated as E36/8.

Even though the BMW factory was producing its own E36 convertibles, the Baur "Top Cabriolet" conversion was still available, possibly out of respect for the long association of the two firms.

Motorsports[edit]

Geoff Brabham and his younger brother David Brabham won the 1997 AMP Bathurst 1000 at the Mount Panorama Circuit in Bathurst, Australia driving a Super Touring BMW 320i for BMW Motorsport Australia.

The 1998 24 Hours Nürburgring was won by a diesel for the first time - a BMW E36 320d, aided by its diesel engine requiring fewer fuel stops than rivals.[4][5]

Success[edit]

Sales figures for 3 Series coupes, saloons, and convertibles were at all time highs in North America and Europe.[citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]