BMW 7 Series

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This article is about the BMW automobile series. For other uses, see 7 Series.
BMW 7 Series
Bmw-f01-wiki-paultan.org.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production 1977–present
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany[1]
Lerma, Toluca, Mexico[2][3][4]
Chennai, India[citation needed]
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor BMW New Six

The BMW 7 Series is a line of full-size luxury vehicles produced by the German automaker BMW. Introduced in 1977, it is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan or extended-length limousine. The 7 Series traditionally introduces technologies and exterior design themes before they trickle down to smaller sedans in BMW's lineup.[5]

A more modified version of the 7-series is the Alpina B7, made by Alpina. The B7 has performance-focused features - aesthetic features include body and bumper skirts, uniquely designed wheels, and a slightly modified interior. More importantly, the Alpina B7 features a revised engine and other performance enhancements. For example, the E65/66 (745i/Li and 750i/Li from 2003-2008) versions of the B7 featured a supercharged 4.4L V8 with 493bhp.

E23 (1977–1986)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E23)
Bmw e23 v sst.jpg
Overview
Production 1977–1986
285,029 built[6]
Powertrain
Engine six-cylinder petrol
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,795 mm (110.0 in)[7]
Length 4,860 mm (191 in)[7]
Width 1,800 mm (71 in)[7]
Height 1,430 mm (56 in)[7]
Curb weight 1,530 kg (3,370 lb)−1,670 kg (3,680 lb)
Main article: BMW E23

The BMW E23 is the first BMW 7 Series luxury car, produced by the German automaker BMW. Replacing the BMW E3 large sedan, the E23 was produced for ten years from 1977 to 1987 and was replaced by the BMW E32 7 Series in 1986.

E32 (1986–1994)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E32)
BMW E32 front 20070928.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production 1986–1994
311,068 built[6][8]
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany[9]
Powertrain
Engine six-cylinder petrol
V8 petrol
V12 petrol
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,833 mm (111.5 in)[10]
2,947 mm (116.0 in) (long)
Length 4,910 mm (193 in)
5,029 mm (198.0 in) (long)
Width 1,845 mm (72.6 in)
Height 1,400 mm (55 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (long)
Curb weight 1,720 kg (3,790 lb)
1,930 kg (4,250 lb) (long)[11]
Main article: BMW E32

In July 1986,[12] BMW introduced the second-generation 7-series, the E32. Some luxury options included integrated telephone and fax machines, a wine cooler, double glazing, traction control system, and a system that automatically increased spring pressure on the windscreen wipers, to keep them firmly pressed on the glass at Motorway speeds.

Initially the engine choices were all six-cylinder petrol, as per the previous generation. In 1987 a V12 engine was introduced. In 1992, V8 engines were added to the lineup (730i and 740i). The E32 (750i) was the first car adhering to BMW's self-imposed speed limit of 250 km/h (155.37 mph).[citation needed]

The E32 also introduced the extended wheelbase version (indicated by an 'L' from German Lang, after the model number) with extra rear leg room compared to the standard 7-series.

E38 (1994–2001)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E38)
BMW 7er (E38) 20090314 front.jpg
Overview
Production February 17, 1994–July 27, 2001
340,242 built [8][13]
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico[14]
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
six-cylinder
V8
V12
Diesel:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,930 mm (115 in)
3,070 mm (121 in) (LWB)
Length 4,984 mm (196.2 in)
5,124 mm (201.7 in) (LWB)
Width 1,862 mm (73.3 in)
Height 1,425 mm (56.1 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (LWB)
Curb weight 1,710 kg (3,770 lb)
2,185 kg (4,817 lb) (LWB)
Main article: BMW E38

The third-generation E38 was produced between 1994–2001. It was the first 7-series to be available with a diesel engine and the first to have the option of a five-speed automatic transmission.The E38 was the first car in the world to feature Xenon headlights.[citation needed] BMW was also the first European car manufacturer to offer an integrated satellite navigation screen which featured on the E38 7 Series.[citation needed]

In the U.S. two engine options were available, a 4.0l (later reveised to a 4.4l) V8 (740) and a V12 option (750).

BMW's flagship sedan was the E38 750il Armored. It was featured in the 1997 film Tomorrow Never Dies as the car driven by James Bond (Pierce Brosnan).[15]

BMW's E38 735i was featured in the 2002 film The Transporter driven by Jason Statham.

E65/E66/E67/E68 (2001–2008)[edit]

BMW 7-Series E65/E66/E67/E68
E66 BMW 745iL.jpg
Overview
Production 2001–2008
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany
Rayong, Thailand
Cairo, Egypt
Toluca, Mexico[16][17]
Kaliningrad, Russia[18]
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
3.0 L N52B30A Inline 6
4.0 L N60B40 V8
6.0 L V12
Diesel:
Inline 6 turbo
V8 turbo
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,990 mm (117.7 in) (SWB)
3,129 mm (123.2 in) (LWB)
Length 5,029 mm (198.0 in) (2002-05 E65)
5,169 mm (203.5 in) (2002-05 E66)
5,039 mm (198.4 in) (2006-09 E65)
5,179 mm (203.9 in) (2006-09 E66)
Width 1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Main article: BMW E65/E66/E67/E68

The fourth-generation E65 7-series was produced from 2001 to 2008 (released as 2002-2008 models). The Hydrogen 7 is the first production BMW to be powered by hydrogen. Although previous generations of the 7 Series had long-wheelbase and protection variants, the E65 was the first iteration to use specific chassis codes for each version. E65 was the designation of the standard-wheelbase version, E66 was the long-wheelbase version, E67 of the high-security (armored) version and E68 of the Hydrogen 7.

The BMW 745i/Li (2002-2005) models featured a 4.4L V8 engine outputting 325hp. Later on, the BMW 750i/Li (2006-2008) models featured a slightly more powerful 4.8L V8 engine outputting 360hp. Moreover, the BMW 760i/Li (2002-2005) and 760Li (2006-2008) features a vastly more powerful, performance-tuned 6.0L V12 engine with 438hp.

The E65 generated much controversy, due to its radical styling and iDrive user difficulties. Nonetheless, the E65 broke records to become the best-selling 7-series iteration ever, especially after its 2005 facelift. The E65/66 has been a subject of various media forms in pop culture during the early 2000s.

F01/F02 (2008–)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (F01/F02)
BMW 730d xDrive (F01) – Frontansicht, 31. Dezember 2012, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Production 2008–present
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico[17][19][20]
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)
Rayong, Thailand[14]
6th of October City, Egypt(BAG)[21]
Chennai, India
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
V12 turbo
Diesel:
six-cylinder turbo[22]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3,070 mm (120.9 in) (SWB)
3,210 mm (126.4 in) (LWB)
Length 5,072 mm (199.7 in) (2009-2011 SWB)
5,212 mm (205.2 in) (2009-2011 LWB)
205.3 in (5,215 mm) (2012- LWB)
199.8 in (5,075 mm) (2012- SWB)
Width 1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Height 58.2 in (1,478 mm) (2009-2011)
58.3 in (1,481 mm) (2012- LWB)
58.5 in (1,486 mm) (2012- LWB)
58.4 in (1,483 mm) (ActiveHybrid LWB)
Curb weight 1,955 kg (4,310.0 lb) (740i)
1,973 kg (4,349.7 lb) (740Li)
2,075 kg (4,574.6 lb) (750i)
2,152 kg (4,744.3 lb) (750i xDrive)
2,114 kg (4,660.6 lb) (750Li)
2,177 kg (4,799.5 lb) (750Li xDrive)
2,274 kg (5,013.3 lb) (760Li)
Main article: BMW 7 Series (F01)
BMW ActiveHybrid 7

The 5th generation F01/F02 went on sale in November 2008 and is currently still in production. The F01/F02 was the first 7-series available with an 8-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive. It is the first 7-series where all engines are turbocharged (except the Asian-market 730i and 730Li variants). The ActiveHybrid7 was the first 7-series to use an electric motor.

The front suspension is a double wishbone design, instead of the MacPherson struts used on previous generations.

For 2013 the 7-Series featured a refresh including a new V8 for the 750Li and an 8-Speed automatic transmission. For 2014 it received BMW's new iDrive touchpad.

Production and sales[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]